The police had attack dogs, there were bombs exploded, and four little black girls were killed at a church all in a little over a week. Birmingham jails were full, and police were concerned they weren't going to be able to contain the protesters and it resulted in them using water hoses on the mobs of people injuring many people. The protest in Birmingham left so much impact "President John F. Kennedy would later say, "The events in Birmingham... have so increased the cries for equality that no city or state or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them."" (PBS,
In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. helped to launch a series of nonviolent demonstrations in Alabama. They were met with strong opposition lead by Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Conner. He led a brutal effort to break up the marches using attack dogs, tear gas, cattle prods, and fire hoses sometimes against children. This was in full view of television cameras. A few months later George Wallace attempted to prevent enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama.
However, the series focuses too much on the poverty and crime-ridden neighborhoods and less time on the good neighborhoods. Since Mayor Rahm Emanuel wanted to shut down schools in poor neighborhoods, the opposition agrees that the series must only focus on these neighborhoods. “In 2013, CPS issued a list of 129 schools being considered for closure. Of those 129 schools, Mayor Emanuel closed 54 schools in primarily low-income black and Latino areas in one of the largest mass school closures in history. To protest Emanuel’s action, 7,000 parents, students, and teachers took to the streets in an angry three-day protest.”(Kelly) Teachers that were living in these neighborhoods, such as Roseland, went on strike feuding against Mayor Emanuel, fighting for their schools and it would seemed utmost important to include the majority of this in the documentary.
It was a protest against the Vietnam War and an early May 1971 upwards of twenty-five thousand young radicals set out to do something that has never been done before. They wanted to shut down the federal government through non-violent direct action. This plan detailed 21 key bridges and traffic circles for protestors to block non-violently with stalled vehicles, jerry-rigged barricades, or their bodies. The immediate goal was to slow down traffic so government employees could not get to their jobs. The larger objective was to create the specter of social chaos while maintain the support or toleration of the broad masses of the American people.
The protest spread across Memphis and resulted in police brutalities. King traveled down to Memphis to lead demonstrations. After it was over on April 3, King spoke to a rally that he had received threats to his life and encouraged to continue the fight despite what happens to him (Encyclopedia). On April 4, 1968, King was shot while on the balcony of a motel in Memphis. James Earl Ray was an escaped convict who pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in prison for the murder of Martin Luther King Jr. King was one of the most important African American leaders of the Civil Rights Movement.
After Brown Vs Board all southern schools were ordered to desegregate “with all deliberate speed” and many schools did not desegregate such as the high school in Little Rock, Arkansas; nine black students wished to attend and were harassed by whites including Melba Pattillo who had acid poured on her face and was stabbed. After the white resistance would not disappear, partly due to Orval Faubus’s lack of support for the black students, Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort the black students to and from class. This showed involvement as this was the first time a president had directly got involved with the civil rights campaign and showed he public and the rest of the south that racism would not be tolerated and desegregation needed to happen. Another way president showed support was JFK. In 1963 JFK addressed Civil rights in a speech calling it a moral issue.
Blacks were clearly not treated right back then in the 1900s, especially when it comes to the housing part or property. In an article called, “How We Built the Ghettos”, the article states that on July 28th, 1957, 100 black were picnicking and was attacked by 6,000 to 7,000 whites. The blacks have been to this park before and nothing happened till that day and they had to have 500 police officers in that area to calm down the area. How this relates to the book is because on page 102, Ms. Johnson had the paper and it said, “NEGRO’S INVADE CLYBOURNE PARK--BOMBED!” The Younger family was going to move to that area and now there is a chance they could get bombed because they are African American and this is a white neighbor.
Well, one way they are connected is because Rosa Parks wouldn’t give her seat up to a white man, in To Kill a Mockingbird Tom Robinson was accused of rapping a white woman which he really didn’t do. Back then everyone was treated differently all the white and black people were separated. When you go one a school bus first 10 rows were saved for the white kids or adults and all the black people had to sit in the back or on the other side of the bus. No matter what the situation was between Rosa Parks and the white man, Rosa Parks was taken to court over her not giving her seat up to a white man. Tom Robinson was taken to court over a white woman accusing him of rapping her, she thought it would be nice to have Tom come over when he would walk by and have him fix something in her house.
To all the ways that the system intentionally attempts to leave black people deprived of their dignity, and human rights. There are 23 active Black Lives Matter chapters who all have one common goal to end racial profiling, police brutality, demilitarization of state police departments, and the mass incarceration of black males. Nearly 2.8 million black people are locked in prison, 1 in every 15 African American men are incarcerated. Versus 1 in every 106 white men, this wide margin shows the mistreatment that man of color receives. The Black Lives Matter movement will always remain as long as America still has its prejudice ways.
60 years ago in Montgomery, Alabama Rosa Parks refused to give her seat up on the bus to a white man, he told her he would have her asserted and she replied “You may do that” (Brinkley 2000). Rosa Parks was then arrested and fined. The events that led up to the arrest of Rosa Park changed the civil rights movement and the United States. It has nearly been 6 decades since Rosa Park’s arrest, and if you ask me our country is still dealing with racial justice issues. Mrs. Clinton recently spoke at an event honoring Rosa Parks saying, “There is something profoundly wrong when black men are disproportionately stopped and searched by the police, arrested or killed.”(New York Times).