Civil society is characterized by a strong element of voluntary participation and thus people participate because they believe in what they are doing. Secondly is public end as civil society stands in the middle between the private sphere and the state. It is concerned with public rather than privates ends. Organisations characterized as civil societies are those that defend collective rights and values, disseminate public knowledge and ideas, and pursue policies that promote the quality of life of the community. Lastly, Pluralism and diversity.
Rather than restricting it through various polices we are entering into 2018 with the known fact that extremism has gain further boost. Furthermore, Pakistan is not only facing sectarian violence only but we saw many attacks on the non-Muslims also, Christians, Hindus are not safe anymore. State can use educational institutions for contracting extremism instead Pakistan educational institutes are being used to produce extremist. Universities and madrassas are the nucleus for religious extremism and terrorism. In 2018, Pakistan will see these extremist mindset people contesting in election, they are a clear threat as they got thousand votes in the various constituencies, once they gain authority it will be even more difficult to stop them.
More importantly, Civil society, in the form of established organizations or citizen initiatives, is continuously working towards bridging the gap between the decision making bodies of the Union and the citizens acting watchdog and as an agent for the promotion and presentation of causes to the relevant agencies as well as a mean for citizens to express their grievances, views and suggestions. Ultimately, civil society plays a decisive role in reducing the so-called democratic deficit of the European
In this assignment, I will try my ultimate best to demonstrate how important the Pashtun peace movement has been in promoting peace and what significance did the Pashtun peace movement bring with them to the region of Pakistan. I will be explaining and discussing the major significances of the Pashtun peace movement. This anti-imperialistmovement in the North-West Frontier Province of what is today the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan existed from 1929 to 1948 The Pastuns also known as the Pathics or the ethnic Afghans are the second biggest and largest ethnic group in both Afghanistan and in Pakistan. This movement is one of the most successful non-violent movements of the 20th century. They have prevented the British from taking over
They suffer from different forms of discrimination and hardships in everyday life. There are a lot of reasons why women are not allowed to enter the workforce. They are disadvantaged when it comes to opportunity and learning. The educational factor is a major issue in Pakistan. A lot of girls are getting education but a smaller number is able to proceed to post-secondary level and out of them most are not allowed to participate in the workforce.
On the one hand, situation in these countries adversely affect Pakistan and on the other hand, injustice, political immaturity, educational disparity are arguably factors responsible for terrorism in Pakistan. Pakistan has been the victim of this cumbersome problem along with other issues. The wave of terrorism was initiated in America’s proxy war against USSR in which Pakistan played a vital role and supported “freedom fighters.” ("A Freedom Struggle Is Not Terrorism."). Soon after that Pakistan became the victim for supporting these “freedom fighters”. Following the event of 9/11 episode, U.S launch international war on terrorism in Pakistan’s neighborhood (Afghanistan).
Militant and extremists have threatened the territorial integrity of the State. Present government is facing conflicting pressure from the United States and the militant extremists. The economy is in fiasco and over inflation coupled with lack of investment and the flight of capital is destroying the different sectors of government and society as well. Uncontrolled corruption, nepotism and breakdown of civic facilities have detained the nation. Poor law and order created by mercenaries, criminals and extremists have taken a heavy toll on the daily life of general public.
Pakistan has faced the lack of a stable representative government and remained under a non-democratic and military rule for a long time. This was a biggest problem in Pakistan at that time. Because there was not constitutional set up from 1947 to 1956 for a long time. And then when the constitution made there was no check and balance and the power was shifted to the central government. Therefore such political system, the center’s role became dominant over the affairs of the unit and the major of federalism were discouraged.
First, it is seen as providing civic education and a moral order that benefits the whole of society. Second, civil society is often regarded as a powerful antidote to the dangers of the all powerful and tyrannical state, by providing society with an unobserved space to rally and organize (Behr,2013) thus Civil society is more than the groups and individuals themselves it is the sum of all collective civic action aimed at accomplishing community goals. In a much more wider perspective the role of civil society in terms of its capacity to be a catalyst of democratization have been widely debated, but in a positive note civil society have been acclaimed that it constitute an important role in leading a democratic process. According to Graeme Gill, the presence of a strong and independent civil society increases the prospects that a political transition will lead to the establishment of democratic institutions, rather than a mere change of top-level leadership or an authoritarian reversal. Indeed, it is during the transition process when political authority and institutions are at their weakest that a strong civil society can play its most important role.
It will help to understand that why many people of Pakistan have developed the “Mean World Syndrome” in recent years. There are already many studies present on international level but in Pakistan no such research is carried out yet. Considering the different nature of Pakistani media, audiences, crime rate, nature of crime and law enforcements, this research will throw the light on causes of intensified fear of crime. 1.3. Problem Statement Fear of crime is increasing in Pakistan.