I think the Roman advancement that had the greatest impact in humanity was battlefield surgery and I believe that for a few reasons. Before this was invented, if you were in the military, went off to fight in a war, and got badly injured, you would probably just die. This problem started to become really common and caused the military to lose a lot of people to fight. In addition, being a soldier became the most dangerous job. So Romans eventually came up with the idea of performing surgery and having a medic off the battlefield for soldiers who were hurt really bad.
They started using amputation in a less advanced way but learned from their mistakes to only use amputation when it’s necessary. Lewis Sayre was a huge support by conducting the first surgery for hip-joint ankylosis, but even since him we have conducted more surgeries than ever for more than one body part. With the discovery of the diseases in the Civil War, influenced the need for vaccinations for those different diseases to prevent them from harming the human
The civil war took place in the 1800s. Approximately 620,000 people died in this war. Civil war medicine wasn’t very effective because diseases usually spread in reusing equipment. Due to lack of supplies and constant woundings, reusing equipment was required. Many woundings would just lead to amputations.
Specifically, the blood transfusion machine was properly modified during the Great War, in order to quickly save a critically wounded soldier. “The machine first invented by Charles Richard Drew, was then modified to allow blood to be safely saved and stored for future use. The technique was first adopted by the United States, Canadian, and British medical facilities.” (Weapons of War) Evidently, prior to the modification, if a soldier could not find a perfect blood sample, they would not survive. This innovation allowed many soldiers to survive from serious injuries, which they otherwise would not have without the betterment of the machine and the advancements in science. Overall, the techniques adopted in medicine led to the recovery of many soldiers and saved the lives of many soldiers, whose conditions once seemed impossible to
First of all the geography forced the Confederates to switch from offense to defense. The Battle of Gettysburg was the first and last battle fought in the North. All the other battles were fought in the South so the Confederate’s people and towns were constantly in danger. Document A illustrates that the General Lee were tired of being on the defense and wanted to be on the offense for a change. Document A states that even though the Confederates tried their hardest they were pushed back onto the defensive and ultimately lost the war (273).
The Civil War, a cause not only for the end of slavery, but to bring back the Confederacy as well. Many thought that simply because the North had a clear advantage over the South, such as population or weaponry, the war would end quickly, people picnicked on the first battles of war, watching the battles, but they didn’t fully realize how deadly new weapons had evolved. A single shot could easily kill anyone within range. People soon found how effective technology had become, and how well the South could fight back. Throughout the earlier years of the war the Confederates won nearly all their major battles, such as the very first battle at Fort Sumter, or the following one at Bull Run.
It was during this time that Occupational Therapy became more closely related to and aligned with organized medicine, thus creating a more “scientific approach” to this field study. It is also this organization that would be later known as the American Occupational Therapy of today. Following the Great Depression, however, it was difficult to find therapists due to low budgets and poor staffing clinics. World War I then came which necessitated the use of every valuable therapist possible. It was of this time that Occupational Therapists were called on to develop programs and treat the injured soldiers, of which there were too
This drug was given to every soldier wounded during the battle because of its long, quick, and strong painkilling properties. It was later discovered that around 400,000 verterans suffered from “Soldiers Disease,” addicition and side effects to morphine following the Civil War4. The drug, diacetylmorphine (Heroin), was discovered and brought to market in 1898 with intent to be an alternative to Morphine with more tolerable side effects. The compound has two acetyl groups vs the two hydroxyl groups characteristic to Morphine, thus making the compound more lipophilic, which makes it able to penetrate the blood brain barrier quicker and cause a much more potent effect and leading to a strong euphoria, which then leads to addiction5. Heroin was withdrawn from the market and deemed illegal shortly after its release due to related deaths and highly addictive
McBride (2008) further points out how the 1930s, during the Great Depression, destitute families did all they could to prevent bringing more children into the world. Women that ended up pregnant generally sought out risky alternatives to abortion and ended up in hospitals where the majority died. During this period as many as 17,000 out of 800,000 performed abortions ended in death count. Turning abortion into a criminal offence only helped increasing the number of unsafe abortions that were executed in
Imagine the world described in fiction novels, disease haunts the world and people live in fear, not knowing whether they will survive another day. Measles, a disease most thought eradicated by its powerful immunization, still causes 16 deaths every hour. Though nearly 84% of the United States has been vaccinated against this, a recent outbreak has caused an eruption of opinions on the topic. Though many may argue that a child’s medical related decisions should be made by the child’s parent or guardian. In actuality, those who are not vaccinated for any contagious disease, pose a threat to the general health of the citizens of United States, as well as bringing back previously eradicated diseases.
Breast cancer sometimes can be dealt with, but not all breast cancer is curable. However, the eradication of these diseases from the gene pool can save millions of lives and preserve the happiness of American citizens affected by this cancer. When breast cancer passes into a vital organ, the problem gets very serious. Gina Cook, who is a breast cancer survivor had to go through extensive surgery, she says “Because of my tumor 's size and it being in three out of 15 lymph nodes they removed from my arm, I began chemotherapy first to shrink the tumor.”(Cook) She then says, “Immediately I began three heavy and hard months of Chemotherapy. Throwing up so weak that I had to hold on to anything in sight to make it to my destination.” (Cook) Chemo therapy weakens the body leading to further damage.