Upon reading the text of the Emancipation Proclamation, it becomes clear that the purpose of this document was not to abolish slavery in the United States-or at least this was not the immediate or primary goal. It states that "all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be…forever free" (The Emancipation Proclamation). However, it takes no action against slavery in the border states, including Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland, and Missouri, where a true impact could have been made. Because the Confederacy no longer abided by U.S. law and the Union army was not in the position to enforce it, the
Baltimore “the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution 's Bill of Rights restricts only the powers of the federal government and not those of the state governments.” This was a very important decision in the history of civil liberties. This basically meant that people were protected from the federal government but not their state government. Something had to be done to fix this. That is when the fourteenth amendment came into play. 2 The fourteenth amendment states that, “No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; 3 nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; 4 nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This basically means that the liberties allowed to people by the federal government must be allowed by the state government.
The amendment tells that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States (厚). Because the terms “citizens” and “person” appear in this amendment, African Americans certainly have political rights and privileges or immunities (厚). Also, civil rights rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment pointed out that African American can guarantee of equal protection under the law (厚). However, in spite of they are citizens, the discriminatory acts of private citizens and segregation alone were not illegal. The “separate but equal” led to the Jim Crow laws, which resulted in blacks being treated as second-class-citizens.
The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life. Reconstruction was a program used to help the south rebuild and join
Northern politicians quickly backed Wilmot’s amendment. However, southern politicians felt such an act was unconstitutional and blocked the passage of the Wilmot Proviso. Wilmot’s proviso never passed and the issue of slavery in westward territories remained a topic of heated
The north got Maine while the south got Missouri (Norton 224). However, this compromise did not address the issue of slavery expansion permanently, and it was only a temporary solution to ease political tensions. The document failed to outline how future states would be administered, which threatened to cause an imbalance between the slave and free states. The Missouri Compromise fails to address how the Union will be maintained. These issues were not addressed by the document since the southern representatives wanted to continue holding slaves.
The developments that occured in the United States of America during the Civil War and Reconstruction Era were arguably revolutionary. During these years of 1860 to 1877, not only did social change take place, but also constitutional change. By the end of the Civil War, many aspects were questioned, such as black status and readmission of former confederate states. At the end of it all, three amendments had been ratified and southerners were forced to accept that blacks were their equals. With many changes happening, the constitution had a full revolution by adding three amendments that challenged the beliefs of many, while social changes merely took a step up and didn’t last long.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on July 28, 1868. The amendment granted citizenship to everyone who was born or naturalized in the United States, which included former slaves and African Americans who were freed after the Civil War. Also, the amendment allowed African Americans to be treated equally as all other citizens. However, the Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws, and the result of the Plessy v. Ferguson case took away these rights that were guaranteed to African Americans. After the Union won the Civil War, slaves were given freedom, but African Americans were not completely free.
Therefore, he is a reasonable source of information on the Emancipation Proclamation. In one of Masur’s articles, he asserted that “when the Civil War began, he initially refused to consider a decree freeing the slaves, citing not moral qualms, but constitutional ones”. This statement proves that President could have released the Proclamation earlier. But instead, he chose not to because at the time, he did not feel the need to do so in terms of military and political strategy. It was not in his calculation that the Civil War would need a “push” for a
After the civil war, the struggle between African American freedom and white dominance were at its strongest. These struggles are what would lay the foundation for the lives of the African Americans for many years after. The plan for reconstruction started after the civil war ended and was the major attempt at trying to create an interracial democracy and fix society, as well as physical rebuilding the country. The ways of the society also were changing very much. The end of slavery led to a hope of economic freedom for the African Americans; allowing them to break free from the grips of white dominance.
The concept of slavery being taken away as a right led to the Southern states seceding, becoming a “country” of their own. They felt the North was not listening to them, and ignoring their rights clearly listed as an amendment. This amendment was included to gain the Southern states ratification of the constitution which ultimately led to the Civil War. The state having this type of power caused the Federalists to feel a bill of rights was redundant, but Anti-Federalists did not feel that it was written clear enough. They were not reassured.
This reorganization of the government also includes the rise of new political parties (LEP). The 1850s crisis only expanded the amount of pressure. Bills like, the Kansas-Nebraska that allowed settlers of that territory vote whether or not they would allow slavery in the state, pitted Northerners against the Southerners. Additionally, events like the “Bleeding Kansas”, the caning of Charles Sumner by Preston Brooks, the Pottawatomie Massacre, the Lecompton Constitution, Dred Scott Decision, and the Harper 's Ferry Attacks, led to major conflicts against the two parties (LEP). This government disorder played a significant role in leading America into Civil
As acting Chief Justice John Marshall told Madison that what he had done was illegal, but since Marbury’s petition was out of jurisdiction Madison claimed it unconstitutional so the court could not order Madison to return the papers. During the Marbury vs Madison case many were able to identify unconstitutional issues regarding Marbury and his decisions.
As it was not made official at the time, the Southern states were not at wrong for seceding from the union. Under the constitution, states had the right to use any power not directly delegated to the government. The act of secession was lawful under Amendment 10. Southern states had no say in a government which they believed was not fit to serve them. They had every right to leave the union and make their own government according to the Declaration of Independence, and if they had no say in government, they had no rights in that country.
It lead to the Anti-War Movement, which still affects America on foreign relations today. On top of all of that, there was a serious economic divide in the country that caused certain classes to rise and fall. This decade was very trying for the United States, and has affected our society even to this day. The 1960’s was full of civil rights leaders that helped shape America into the country it is today. There will always be racial tensions in society, but without Martin Luther King Jr. and his fellow activists, the inequalities that blacks faced in America wouldn’t have been addressed until much later on in life.