The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
On the eve of the Civil War, the South was determined to protect what they considered their way of life. This way of life included their right to slaves, which they felt the North was threatening (OpenStax, 2016). The South generally felt that the North was attacking them, and this belief only strengthened after Lincoln’s election. The Northerners, specifically the Republican Northerners, were determined to stop the expansion of slavery. When the South seceded, Lincoln declared that they could not secede, and fought to bring them back to the Union (OpenStax, 2016).
Before the Civil War Officially began Lincoln was elected president of the United States. Lincoln stated his belief that secession was both wrong and unconstitutional (Hart). Lincoln opposed slavery and in his campaigns he had said he would abolish slavery in the western territories. The south didn’t like that Lincoln was trying to prevent the growth of slavery and that meant they couldn’t buy slaves in the territories. The Civil War helped to end
With no final agreement, the country had no other choice but to go to war with itself. The slow decline of the, once powerful, Southern economy and the major issue of the abolishment of slaves are what led to the cause of the American Civil War. While economics and political structure played an important role in the cause of the Civil War, slavery was the main reason why altercations arose. Many historians and teachers try to hide the fact that slavery was such a huge factor in the cause of the Civil War because they looked at slavery as the “norm”. To them, the differences between the Republicans and Democratic formed great disagreement.
Not only were the resolutions not acceptable to the other states when they are submitted but they were regarded as military threats. People as well as the federal government believed that the resolutions were foreshadowing civil wars. However, Alexander Hamilton who was then building the army suggested on sending the resolutions to Virginia on the pretext of putting Virginia to the test of resistance. Because of this, Jefferson’s party used the resolutions as the foundation of their beliefs that were then used as the party’s documents in the election held during the 1800s. It also became the most important concept of the Old Republican as these resolutions became the framework that supports the principle of the states’ rights.
Southerners in 1861 in South Carolina had seceded from the Union and did not want a Union Fort in the South. Fighting broke out when the Union soldiers refused to surrender Fort Sumter. Initially President Abraham Lincoln wanted to believe that the reason for war was that the North was fighting to save the Union and not to free slaves. Yes, the Civil War was initially about slavery. However, the President and the Confederates tried unsuccessfully to portray that slavery was not the main cause of conflict and that is wasn’t the primary cause of the Civil War.
However, these differences show that the North and South were actually two distinct countries held together by one constitution. The North felt that decisions regarding slavery and its legality were entrenched in the central government while the South felt that such decision belonged to the individual states. In the times preceding the war, both sides could not reach a compromise. Bonner mentions, “Because secession and war were permitted to come, warned Russel, "We are not entitled to lay the flattering unction to our souls that the Civil War was an inevitable conflict (Bonner, 195).” Hence, these differences could only be addressed through war. President Lincoln made it clear in the Emancipation Proclamation that any state found holding slaves would be in contravention of the Constitution of the United Sates and thus would be considered to be in “rebellion against the United States” (Lincoln,
Reasons for War There were many things that lead up to the civil war. One of those things was when the Mexican-American war ended, America got lots of territories. This posed a problem because America didn’t know whether to admit them as free or slave states. The anti-slavery movement wanted the land acquired from the war to not allow slavery, while others wanted slavery or for the territories to decide for themselves, otherwise known as popular sovereignty. Many junior officers in the war would go on to play big parts in the Civil War.
Civil war was one of the bloodiest and destructive wars in American history. It was defined as the war between the states. This war brought many positive and negative changes to America which resulted in many consequences. When Abraham Lincoln became the first republican president who was against the concept of slavery, many southern states separated and formed a new nation. Abraham’s promise was that he would not allow the United States to be broken down to small, squabbling countries.
These divisions went far beyond cotton and economics. A country continuously divided on this major issue could not have survived. The fight over the expansion of slavery into the territories is a persistent problem in antebellum history. This problem caused strife between North and South lasting decades. Progress, greed, racism, and economic gain are the causes of much bloodshed and almost the complete destruction of a nation.