Lee Did not want to be caught on the defensive so he decided to attack first. His target was a supply base in Manassas. Lee sent half of his army to launch this attack. This Attack was led by Stonewall Jackson Which happens to be the hero of the First Bull Run. 13 months prior to this attack the confederates seized Union supplies and burned down the supply base.
For one, many of the Confederate troops were volunteers with little experience. They were also poorly armed with very few weapons, which was especially evident on the second day of battle. Also, Johnston and Beauregard had no unified battle plan at the beginning causing mass confusion among Confederate troops. This resulted in the
“My dead and wounded were nearly as great in numbers as those still on duty”. This quote from Colonel William C. Oates demonstrates the catastrophe and death that occurred in Gettysburg. The battle of Gettysburg started early July 1st 1863, when General Robert E. lee led his army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June. The Union army, led by General George G. Meade, was staying in the town of Gettysburg. The battle went on to last until July 3rd, when that night General Lee pulled his forces out of Gettysburg and pushed back to Virginia.
The South was planning on moving the war onto Northern soil if they won the battle but the result of the battle was that the South lost. The war was not fought on Northern Territory for the majority of the war up until the end of the war. Robert E. Lee brought his army of seventy-five thousand men from Northern Virginia through Shenandoah Valley to Pennsylvania. The South was soon detected by the Union. When the Union caught up to them there were ninety-five thousand of them.
The article Antietam In The Civil War informs readers about the battle of Antietam. During the beginning of the battle of Antietam, Lee marched to Maryland hoping to seize railroads feeding Washington D.C. and rally inhabitants of the border states. Next Lee split off part of his army, which McClellan would probably never figure out. Therefor, Lee had an advantage on McClellan’s army. That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it.
The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Virginia primarily focused on Petersburg, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War. It was not a classic military siege, in which a city is usually surrounded and all supply lines are not cut off, nor was it strictly limited to actions against Petersburg. The campaign is more popularly known as the Siege of Petersburg. The campaign was nine months of trench warfare in which both the Confederates and Union sustained extreme losses due to the slowness of Civil War military leaders to adapt their combat tactics to the rapid advance of technology in weapons. (Blakefield
The battle of Second Bull Run was fought August 28-30, 1862. The battle took place in prince William county Virginia (Manassas). John Pope was the major general for the Union side and later joined with George Brinton McClellan. The Major General on the confederate side was Robert E. Lee. There were 62,000 soldiers and 14,000 casualties for the Union and 50,000 soldiers and 8,000 casualties for the confederate.
On Friday, April 12, 1861, at 4:30 a.m., Confederate batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter and continued for 34 hours. Anderson did not return the fire for the first two hours. The fort 's supply of ammunition was not suited for an equal fight and Anderson lacked fuses for his exploding shells. At 7:00 A.M., Union Capt. Abner Doubleday, the fort 's second in command, was afforded the honor of firing the first shot in defense of the fort.
The Civil War began on April 12,1861 and ended on April 9, 1865. This four year battle had more than 50 major battles occurred during this tragic time in history. On March 6, 1862 - March 8, 1862 an important battle took place that left the Union Army with a good strategical position for the rest of the war. This battle was fought in Pea Ridge, Arkansas. This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress. George Washington, the appointed commander in chief, led his men to win three out of the nine major battles during the American Revolution. The Continental Army faced several disadvantages such as lack of training, freezing climate, and shortages of supplies during the War for Independence. In establishing the Continental Army, the Congress had to create a single army out of the different men that volunteered from the 13 colonies.
Confederate John Breckinridge had roughly 500 men stationed in Saltville under the command of Colonel Robert Preston. Basil W. Duke, a Confederate general officer, also had another cavalry unit stationed in the town. The Union troops outnumbered the Confederates 1400 to 500. The main commanders
My unit was one of the last to leave, and we had many casualties. On October 21, we fought in the Battle of Balls Bluff. In May through July of 1862, we were part in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days Battles near Richmond, Virginia. We were part of the First Brigade, Second Division, Second Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
The reconnaissance team informed Lee that the Federal line was not completely extended past the little round top. Longstreet, who was positioned down towards that end of the Union line where the Union line was thought to be exposed, was told to attack that flank. Lee also commanded Ewell to attack the northern flank. When Longstreet received his orders he said, "The truth will be known in time, and I leave that to show how much of the responsibility of Gettysburg rests on my shoulders.” Longstreet thought his attack would be the most important assault in the war; he treated it as such, but that was yet to come.
The south attacked the fort at around 4:00 pm. They overran the fort before dusk. More than 300 African Americans were killed. Some believed that they were helpless after surrendering and some believe that they were running. This had big effects on the war because the north thought that killing prisoners of war was wrong but the south thought it was law abiding.
Though the Civil War began when Confederate troops shelled Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the war didn’t begin in earnest until the Battle of Bull Run, fought in Virginia just miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. Popular fervor led President Lincoln to push a cautious Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union army in Northern Virginia, to attack the Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, which held a relatively strong position along Bull Run, just northeast of Manassas Junction. The goal was to make quick work of the bulk of the Confederate army, open the way to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and end the war. The morning of July 21st dawned on two generals planning to outflank their opponent’s