When Europeans began to colonize Africa, they enforced the idea whites were superior over other races, and treated the native Africans as inferiors. Historians David Olusoga and Casper W. Erichsen explained it by saying “The white races had claimed territory across the globe by right of strength and conquest. They had triumphed everywhere because they were the fittest; their triumphs were the proof of their fitness..” () This quote exemplifies the idea that white Europeans took over the continent by force (“strength and conquest”), and because of this, they regarded themselves as the superior race. This mindset did not lead to peaceful cohabitation of the continent. Instead, it gave way to an era of violence and
European colonialism involved many major issues including slavery, cultural oppression and racism. During the 15th through 19th century, Europeans took over native land and ruled over them. They had the power and technological advantage over native people so they were able to colonized their land. When this happened, the native people became culturally oppressed and no longer had their freedom. Similarly, in the Tempest, Prospero took over the island (which was caliban’s land at one point) and ruled over him.
The native offered “unspeakable rites” and sacrifices for Kurtz and worshipped him. Although Kurtz would have received much congratulations on his collection of ivory, he would not obtain the same power he had in the Congo. He is able to set himself up as a primitive god to the natives and realizes that he is unable to control the darkness within him. He understood that civilization would be able to fulfill the greed within his internal darkness and returned to the Inner Station. With the second hand encounter, from others in the Congo, of who Kurtz is as a man, Marlow’s perception of Kurtz is one of grandiose achievements.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
Then, in 1814 Saartjie was sold to George Cuvier, Napoleon’s surgeon, who I represented in the play as The Baron Docteour. Cuvier studied Saartjie’s anatomy and after her death dissected the body for closer investigation. Suzan Lori Parks in Venus Hottentot criticizes racism and colonialism trough the character of Saartjie Baartman, represented in the play as Venus Hottentot. Particularly, Parks emphasizes European image of African people characterized as savage and backward, and economic exploitation of African people. Parks illustrates how European colonizers were able to evade the Bill for the Abolition of the Slave Trade.
These ideas based on prejudice on part of Europeans ultimately led to the death of thousands of people across the continent through violence, famine and wars. Countless generations of native Africans were enslaved and entire continents were plundered based on the pure malice, greed and prejudice only. Adding insult to the damage, were the ways in which these theories were presented to justify pure brutality under colonialism. Later these very theories were used by Nazi regime to wreak havoc on the Europe itself persecuting Jews, Roma, and other supposedly non-Aryan races. Even to this day such theories are used to justify wars, violence and other crimes against humanity that are based on pure greed, malice and
(Achebe 129)” Chenowa Achebe speaks his thoughts on imperialism here by saying that even though the white imperialists thought they were doing good, they didn’t bother to even try to understand the natives’ feelings towards them. Although imperialism brought government stability and education, the long term effects of imperialism in Africa were negative because natives were made slaves, borders were poorly placed, and European religion/education was forced upon them. All in all, British Imperialism hurt Africa much more than it
During the colonial times, Columbus and all the settlers practiced this same technique. When Columbus discovered the new world, it was already occupied with natives, which Columbus has historically described as, barbaric, uncivilized, and suffering people. Columbus did exactly what Prospero did and ‘freed’ these people in return for their service. The settlers brought disease and war over from Spain and used those as persuasion techniques over the natives. These frightened people agreed to help Columbus and his men, because it was better than the alternative, just like Ariel and Caliban agreed to work for Prospero.
“Disgrace” by J.M. Coetzee is a novel that shows how colonization has effected African culture and the way African society was structured after the end of Apartheid and how whites and native Africans act when their roles are reversed. J.M. Coetzee’s, “Disgrace”, shows how the stereotype of the African savage is false by showing what happens when the roles of the white colonists and the African population is reversed. During the time of early colonization of Africa the invading white colonists would kill or destroy the male population and would rape and integrate the female population.
I have always been thinking why the conquerors, or conquistadors for the Spanish term, have to manipulate other people, other country, or start an extremely brutal intervention just so to satisfy their needs when they can choose to have a peaceful trade instead? Indeed, wrong ways are always the easier and fastest one. It is so devastating to know how they stole not just the riches (gold and silver), religious artifacts, jewels and lands of the people but also their own culture, language and their home. Like what A.W. Okoth-Ogendo have said in the video when the British came towards the end of 19th century in Kenya, their concern was to justify expropriation of land which did not belong to them and did it using their own legal system which was through the advice that was given to the colonial government.