In the Paleolithic era that preceded the Neolithic era and revolution, farming and domestication of animals were virtually nonexistent. To obtain food, families had to relocate with herds of wild animals; they also had to relocate when the plant supply was depleted. The vast majority of the population consisted of hunters and gathers, so the tools of that time period were used for hunting and gathering purposes. These tools were simple stone tools made by chipping away at one stone with another stone. Although writing with an alphabet system had not entered society, there is evidence of Paleolithic artwork such as carvings of women and animals and cave drawings.
In the Paleolithic era that preceded the Neolithic era and revolution, farming and domestication of animals were virtually nonexistent. To obtain food, families had to relocate as the herds of wild animals migrated; they also were forced to relocate when the vegetal supply was depleted in their area. The vast majority of the population consisted of hunters and gathers, so the tools of that time period were used for hunting and gathering purposes. These tools were simple stone tools made by chipping away at one stone with another stone. Although writing with an alphabet system had not entered society, there is evidence of Paleolithic artwork such as carvings of women and animals and cave drawings.
These grains allowed the first civilizations, like Mesopotamia and China to rise. While many scholars like Jared Diamond agree that the Neolithic Revolution, especially the domestication of cereal crops, allowed humans to form sedentary societies, James C. Scott found that a series of factors, like fire, agriculture, and climatic stress made sedentism possible. Although the Neolithic Revolution changed the way humans received their calories, Scott believes that fire was the catalytic technology that allowed humans to have better access to more nutritious meals (Lanchester 54). Hunter-gatherers had a diverse diet that consisted of migratory prey and birds, fish, and flora. When one food source was scarce, they could rely on another that was present (Lanchester 56).
It affected the agriculture because there was very bad soil which meant that the crops that the farmers grew were only enough to feel their own way. And made it quite impossible to make it as a part as the economy and trade. New England’s economy was mostly reliant on the ocean. Fishing was the most important thing to this region’s economy. Whaling, shipbuilding, and logging were also important .There was relatively good climate in the Middle colonies.
Neolithic Era This Neolithic Era was a much easier era for the people in it than the Paleolithic Era. These people had a much easier time finding food, which meant they had a higher surplus of it. They had an easier time mostly because they learned to farm and grow crops instead of always going to hunt. They could grow crops because the earth was more warm and green with more vegetation and animals because The Great Thaw happened in between the Paleolithic and Neolithic Era. They also learned to domesticate animals to use for farming and meat.
There were many economic and social changes that occurred in the Late Middle Ages. The now rich soil brought about by the agricultural revolution let the crops give the nutrients which helped peasants withstand childbirth and live longer, leading to an increase in population. Since the Europeans were able to feed their families from the excess food, it allowed them to find time to learn new trades and develop new skills. The businesses increased from the expansion of the population of those living in cities and towns. They were given land from the king through an agreement called a charter.
Throughout the late 1400’s and the 1500’s, the world experienced many changes due to the discoveries of new lands and peoples that had been never been visited before. The new-found lands of the Americas and exploration of Africa by the Europeans led to new colonies and discoveries in both areas. It also brought different societies and cultures together that had never before communicated, causing conflict in many of these places. While the Europeans treated both the Native Americans and West Africans as inferior people, the early effects they had on the Native Americans were much worse. Beginning in the late 1400’s, many different European explorers started to look for new trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere in order to gain economic and religious power.
The Neolithic revolution was a time when humans started gradually changing from nomadic hunter-gathering communities into agricultural settlers. The Neolithic Revolution began around 10,000 BC. This time period is known as a revolution because it caused a dramatic change in the community’s way of life. This revolution had great impacts which we still see today. This time period started the development of civilizations and cites, it began the domestication of animals, and the domestication of plants.
5. How do gender roles changes due to the Neolithic Revolution? Prior to the Neolithic Revolution, society was relatively egalitarian. Following the Neolithic Revolution, most of the work was done by men, and household work and textile production was mainly done by women. This led to the creation of a patriarchal society.
The roles of men and women changed in the medieval period, and responsibility played an important part for the class structure. Men and women helped evolve Europe with efficient farming that led to successful trading in the twelve century. New inventions in farm production allowed Europe to expand their trading for gold, silver, and other metals in the Far East. Men and women became more intelligent with finances which expanded the economic foundation with the circulation of money. Towns developed into large cities with more food supply and money which led to more sophisticated job responsibilities for the new social