Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
In the Western Hemisphere, no early civilization was more remarkable than the Maya. The Maya are the best-known classical civilizations of Mesoamerica, originating in the state in southeastern Mexico, Yucatan at around 2000 B.C. They rose to importance around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and northern Belize. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples. As being the most remarkable civilization in the Western Hemisphere, the Maya produced an extensive range of structures, and have left a great architectural legacy that places the Maya civilization as one of the great preindustrial civilizations of the world.
Colonial life is rapidly changing and with it so are cities. Transforming into cities that make early efforts in creating a model for future colonial cities. By this I mean, a city with hospitals, police department, public libraries, fire-stations, and paved and lit streets. These features are products of a rise in urbanization and are an answer to the problems a new urban city faces. In this era a particular city with a pivotal citizen would stand out among the rest and provide some key solutions to urban problems.
( Mackenzie, 2000). For that time the Olmecs were the most developed nation in the cultural sense, therefore, were able to spread their cultural influence on the vast region of Mesoamerica. By the cultural achievements of the Olmecs should be attributed a well-developed architecture. For example, the city of La Venta, we see that it was built on a clear plan and oriented to the cardinal. The stone head sculptures of the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast of Mexico (1200 BCE - 400 BCE) are amongst the most
The culture of the Inca was significantly affected by the regions that they lived in. The climate and terrain in the Incan Empire varied throughout the wide-spread area. The climate ranged anywhere from steamy jungles to the driest deserts. The Inca Empire was based high in the Andes mountains. In the valleys, among the mountain ranges, the Inca grew grains, fruit, and vegetables, using terraces and irrigation systems that they built.
Egypt was very important for two main reasons, one of them being the amount of food Egypt had and its strong reliable food source. The farms in Egypt were lacated all around the Nile River. When the river floods, it makes the area around it very fertilized because when the river floods, it carries silt (fine sand, clay, or other material carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor) and deposits it in the land. So the British used Egypt’s resources to feed their people in Africa. There were a lot of reasons Britain had to colonize Egypt, the most important reason is the Suez Canal.
The achievements of the Incas were founded on the cultures of earlier Peruvian peoples that previously resided in the highlands of the Andes and on the Peruvian coast. These predecessors include the Chavin and the Moche civilizations. The latter in particular thrived between 100 and 800 C.E. along the northern coast of Peru. The Moche were able to use the rivers flowing out of the Andes to their advantage and create advanced irrigation systems to develop their agriculture.
They also lived between northern New Mexico to southern Wyoming. A lot of the different bands dwelled in many different areas. One of these areas included the Pahvant valleys. They also lived in Juab, the Uintah Basin, Sanpete, and high elevated plateaus in central Utah, just to name a few. Many resided in Utah Valley, which was richly supplied with fish and other resources.
All very different, bit each having its own special beauty. Agriculture is a very strong part of industry in Chile. “...And in the west, in the central valley, there are fertile plots of land that support a thriving agricultural industry(source # 1)”. Some of the main products include grapes, wheat, peaches, and timber. Chile’s farmlands are often very vast and grow their produce along rows that seem to stretch on for
The Olmec civilization, the first major ancient civilization in Mesoamerica, was able to create and implement a variety of methods and tools that were used by civilizations to come. These facts lead to the conclusion that the Olmec civilization was highly advanced due to its sophisticated religion, social structure and religious traditions, and their technical innovations. Every sophisticated civilization has at least one major city or capital. In the case of the Olmec civilization, there were two: La Venta and Tres Zapotes, but La Venta is the most well known of the two. The city was known to have at least eighteen thousand residents and was a religious and economic center of the civilization.