Compare and contrast essay for the Maya, Aztec, and Inca tribes. In this essay I will be talking about the differences and similarities of these tribes. The first topic I will be comparing and contrasting is the religions of these tribes. The second topic is about the government of these tribes and the third is technology. The location for the mayan is Central america.
One of the things that make the Inca different from the Aztecs is the location that the empire is located in .The Inca people were located in modern day Peru, the capital of Cusco. The place that they were located is nicknamed the “lost city”. The place was called the lost city because the city was never found by the Spanish invaders when they conquered the Inca in the 1500’s. By the early 1500’s the Inca people were located 200 miles north to
Prior to the colonization of the Americas, there were many different indigenous tribes and civilizations. Two of these were the Incas and the Aztecs. Although the two groups never came in contact, they share some striking similarities. These similarities can be found in their religion, their architecture and their economies. Many differences can also be found in each of these topics. Both the Aztec and the Inca cultures were unique, and influential to the creation of many cultures existing today.
Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies (Google, 2017). Drastic changes occurred to a variety of nation-states and cultures after imperialistic nations extended their control. This essay will highlight the influence of the Spanish on the Incas’ religion, trade and culture
In the Western Hemisphere, no early civilization was more remarkable than the Maya. The Maya are the best-known classical civilizations of Mesoamerica, originating in the state in southeastern Mexico, Yucatan at around 2000 B.C. They rose to importance around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and northern Belize. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples. As being the most remarkable civilization in the Western Hemisphere, the Maya produced an extensive range of structures, and have left a great architectural legacy that places the Maya civilization as one of the great preindustrial civilizations of the world. Maya architecture also incorporates various art forms and hieroglyphic texts. Along with their great architecture, trade was a key component of the Maya
Ancient America consists of three main civilizations. The Mayan Empire, The Incan Empire, and The Aztec Empire. “The Maya Civilization lived in Central America, including south Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras between 2500 BCE and 1500 CE. The Inca were a tribe around the 12th century who formed a city-state. The Aztecs were a people who came into the Valley of Mexico in the 12th century and quickly rose to become the dominant power in Mesoamerica.” (www.historywiz.com)
The Mayan Empire was the empire that had the longest time span of the three empires. The Empire lasted for around 3,500 years. (Page 93.) During it’s reign, the Mayan empire achieved many accomplishments. A couple of these accomplishments were the Sacred Round, a calendar like tool that gave meaning to the days, and the farming technique “Slash and Burn”, that prepared the land to grow the food needed for the society. (Page 95.) It can be argued that the Mayan Civilization benefited from isolation because the Mayans
For instance, farming took place in the Aztecs and Incas environment, “the Inca were farmers, growing potatoes as well as other crops, often in terraces cut into the high mountainsides.” Patel (4). They also raised sheep and used their meat for hunger and its wool for cloth. Due to the Aztecs living on a swamp, they adapted by making a floating garden called a Chinampa to help produce maise and grow other crops. Maldonado (3). It was very genius for Aztecs as well as Incas to have generated an agricultural structure. The Aztecs and the Mayas both also had numerical logic. A general math system was formed through their cleverness. The mathematical formulation was based on the unit 20. Art and Craftsmen took part as well in all the Mayas, the Aztecs, and the Incas. “[The Aztecs] wove cotton cloth, made pottery, carved in stone and other materials, made musical instruments and elaborate costumes of feathers.” Maldonado (4) They were very talented in achieving masterpieces of art. The Incas built cities out of stone, they also wove woolen cloth impressively, they made pottery as well as the Aztecs, yet they also made exquisite jewelry. Patel (4). The Maya artists produced materials to make things with, such as “goods made of cotton, feathers, clay, wood, and precious metals and stones.” Hopkins (5). These materials and art helped encourage the fascination with these cultures and displays how the civilizations were
Their empire extended across western South America. According to the article “Inca Warfare” by Mark Cartwright, Cusco was known to be the Incan Empire’s capital. Warfare was not a ritual, but it was still used. The Incas used warfare when diplomacy, and negotiation for trade failed (Cartwright “Inca warfare”). They also used it to conquer neighboring societies. According to Cartwright, some weapons that were used by the Incas included spears, arrows, slings, and palm wood clubs (“Inca warfare”). Of them all, their favorite to use was palm wood clubs. When they conquered societies, they made governors of conquered nations pay labor taxes (Cartwright “Inca Warfare”). Spiritually, they had vast beliefs. They believed in sacrificing humans and animals, fetishism, nature gods, and divination. Their religion included many Gods: sun God; thunder God, and earth mother Goddess. How did the Incan Empire thrive? Their economy was based heavily on agriculture. They used strict irrigation systems, and advanced farming techniques (Shi and George Tindall 7). Some harvests included squash, corn, potatoes, and peanuts. The empire was organized into four “suyu” (Cartwright “Inca Warfare”). With all that they managed to accomplish, the empire lasted more than 150 years. Spanish soldiers under the command of Fransico Pissarro conquered the Incans in
Thousands of years ago, before machinery and widespread religion, three main civilizations contributed major accomplishments to the world today. The three groups were known as the Maya, the Aztecs, and the Inca. The Incas built a large road system, developed a complex agricultural system, and developed their own language. The Mayans studied astronomy, formed a calendar, and made prodigious accomplishments in mathematics. The Aztecs built large, impressive cities and developed a writing system based on pictures. The civilizations highly impacted the world today with scarcity of resources and supplies. In their time period, the Maya, the Aztecs, and the Inca were profoundly advanced.
The Incas were a Native American people who inhabited present day Columbia to central Chile.Cuzco was the center of the city in the Peruvian Andes. The land of the Incas included coastal and mountain regions of Ecuador, Bolivia and northern parts of Argentina and central Chile; it was the greatest empire that existed in the Americas and stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the east of the Andes mountains. This land composed of not only tropical forest but also the world 's driest desert the Highlands of the Andes mountains, eastern foothills of the Andes as well as the western coastal region.( In the language of the Incas, the word Inca was the title of the emperor.
The Mayans civilization was developed by the Mayans and is known for its hieroglyphic script which is the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas. The Mayan civilization is also noted for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
The Inca civilization was the largest pre-Columbian civilization that we know of today with an estimated population from 4 million to 40 million people. Their land stretched through most of western South America, from modern day north Ecuador through most of Peru, Bolivia, Western Argentina, and southern Chile spanning a distance of well over two thousand miles. Manco Cápac became famous as the founder of the Incan empire from what would later become the capital, Cusco. Manco Cápac and his brothers and sisters emerged from a cave 7 seven leagues from Cusco. The reason they were created and emerged from that cave was in direct relation to Inti, the sun god, making Manco Cápac and his family worshipped greatly. This is the reason that the Inca
The Mayans had astronomy and calendars, and the Aztecs had a written language, but what did the Incas have? While the Incas aren’t talked about as much as the Mayans and Aztecs are, they also had plenty of achievements and influence. They did far more than many people recognize, and hopefully, this paper will help convince you that the Incas were just as important as any other Meso-American cultures.
There was a wide variety of jobs in the Inca Civilization, though the dominant occupation was farming and the people did not have much say in what job they performed (“Daily Life in the Inca Empire”). First of all, there were many government jobs in the civilization, such as the Sapa Inca, nobles, or administrators; however most ordinary civilians could not perform the most important jobs as it was required that the person who did them be of original Inca descent, meaning their ancestors originated from the capital city of Cusco (“Daily Life in the Inca Empire”). Citizens could, however be administrators who managed and supervised life in specific areas of the land (“Daily Life in the Inca Empire”). People could also be artisans, who were craftsmen that worked with a variety of materials including silver, gold, bronze, and copper (Ellis and Esler 198-199). These artisans created many different types of objects that could range from simple tools to statues of the gods (Ellis and Esler 198-199). Aside from those