Civilization Of The Mayan Civilization

984 Words4 Pages
The Mayan civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Mayan peoples, which stood out in America1 for its hieroglyphic writing, one of the few fully developed writing systems of the pre-Columbian American continent, as well as for its art, architecture and systems of mathematics, astronomy and ecology.2 It was developed in the region that encompasses the southeast of Mexico, corresponding to the states of Yucatan, Campeche, Tabasco, Quintana Roo and eastern Chiapas, as well as in most of Guatemala, Belize, the western part of Honduras and El Salvador. This region is composed of the northern lowlands that encompass the Yucatan peninsula, the highlands of the Sierra Madre that extends through the Mexican state of Chiapas, southern Guatemala to El Salvador, and the southern lowlands in the south. Pacific coastal plain.

During the formative period, before 2000 a. C., the development of agriculture began and the population became sedentary establishing itself in the first villages. In the Preclassic period (2000 BC to 250 AD), the first complex societies were developed and the basic foods of the Mayan diet were cultivated: corn, beans, squash and chilies. The first Mayan cities developed around 750 a. C. Around 500 a. C. these cities had a monumental architecture, including large temples with stucco facades. The glyphic script was used from the 3rd century BC. In the Late Preclassic, large cities developed in the Petén Basin, and Kaminaljuyú reached prominence

More about Civilization Of The Mayan Civilization

Open Document