Civilization Vs Super Ego

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A big part of civilization consists of morality. Morality is the knowledge of the right and wrong and the ability to distinguish between them. Following good and avoiding doing evil helps people not to get into trouble and always be in the safe side because doing evil might put people in danger and thus be questioned from the society. According to Freud, naturally, people are driven with the pleasure principle, which is the ‘Ego’, and it is suppressed and controlled by the ‘Super-Ego’. And the tension between these two produces emotions known as ‘the sense of guilt’(Freud, 40). Super-ego motivates the ego to behave according to the social norms; manners. Since childhood, parents and society play a role in the development of super-ego in children,…show more content…
Therefore, the knowledge people gain about good and bad affects their emotions while making actions. Civilization would collapse and society would turn into a chaos in the absence of the sense of guilt, because it awakens in people the knowledge they obtained through their life and reminds them of the difference between right and wrong, and the different laws and rules that must be obeyed. Moreover, civilization oppresses the death and revenge drives people have. Humans are naturally aggressive. Hence, this knowledge is essential for the survival of…show more content…
In other words, masters and slaves. They believe that this kind of society will be more organized and controlled than the one where everyone has the ability to think for themselves. As for, there are only few who lead while others blindly obey without questioning. They believe in all the prejudices as facts. Moreover, they would rarely revolt against those who rule and control. They believe that the fewer people know, the easier it is to control society and deceive them into becoming extremist in their favor. They seem to forget that as slaves grow up, they become more aware about their oppression and know more than their masters know. Why? Because masters only give orders that need to be obeyed, whereas the slaves are the ones who have the work done and thus they are able to do things more than their masters are. Therefore, the masters end up being more ignorant than their slaves
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