According to Elfira, Marhum and Mashuri (2015), DRTA strategy encourages students to use their mind while reading, thus making them thoughtful and active learner as they comprehend the text. Both the teacher and students can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented. Therefore, Teacher and students should be active throughout the reading
In short, language learning strategies are applied by language learners as a means to acquire and to use information that learners have acquired, stored or recalled, and can also promote autonomous learning (O’Malley & Chamot, 1990:78-9; Nisbet & Shucksmith, 1986:12, 92). Thus, as many researchers have defined language learning strategies, the background and classification of language learning strategies should be briefly summarized in the following section. 2.2.1 Language Learning Strategies: Definition Before attempting to explain and classify language learning strategies as used by speakers of other languages, I would like first of all to provide a rationale for the choice of the term strategy. Although used by many prominent writers (such
The reading material provides them with information to help them guess the meaning. By students’ knowledge, experience, common sense, contrast and analysis, they can guess the word’s meaning. In the research, giving English major an unknown word, at the same time, letting them read materials, thus, they can guess the meaning by relating the word to the context, sentences, clauses or paragraphs. This is an effective strategy to master words and vocabulary. Analytic style tends to pay more attention to the details and procedures.
- The role of the teacher is that of facilitator and guide. Therefore, students are encouraged to construct meaning through genuine linguistic interaction with others. To sum up, communication language teaching can help students to use the target language as much as possible. This approach places great emphasis on helping students create meaning rather than helping them develop perfectly grammatical structures. As mentioned above, my personal language teaching methodology may be described as a mixed method.
My motivation to study this topic is to help teachers to use communicative activities in classroom teachings. My purpose is to enable young adult learners to acquire communicative ability using the techniques that will be handled in the writing. This study has two objectives. First is to provide various communicate language teachings to help teachers in terms of broadening their teaching techniques. Second is to explain how to apply these techniques, activities and tasks effectively in the classroom environment.
Actually, Inductive approach was often correlated with Direct Method and Natural Approach in English teaching, therefore, the rules of the language were supposedly acquired out of the experience of the understanding and repeating examples which had been systematically graded for difficulty and put into a clear context” (Thornburry, 2002, p.50). With this approach, the learners were not taught grammatical or other types of rules directly but they were left to discover or induce rules from meaningful contexts provided by the teacher and their experience of using the language ( Richard& Platt,1997). The inductive approach related to subconscious learning processes similar to the concept of language acquisition. Learners learnt the language in the same way as children acquired their first or second
IMPROVING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH ROLE PLAY Dita Nanda Rosevella 122084247 ABSTRACT This paper describes one of CLT (Communicative Language Teaching) method activities, it is role play. These days, most of students are passive in the class because they are afraid to express their feelings or thoughts. Teachers can apply role play activity which can help arouse students’ speaking ability. In addition, role play has been known as one of learning tools which is flexible to be applied because the students can do it inside or outside the classroom. Besides, the students would not feel bored because the activity is interesting and makes the situation more live.
Reading is usually regarded as hard especially in English as the students unable to comprehend what they read. Students tend to read word by word which make them try to understand the words per se and not on context. When this problem occurs it will reduce their interest and motivation to read. By using the extensive reading materials, the students will be taught to read and be more concerned with the meaning of the text rather than the meaning of individual words or sentences. Limitation of the Research Some problems might arise when the research is conducted: a) Selecting reading materials and suit the students’ ability and fit with the needs of the curriculum specification could be rather demanding.
The preparation of teaching English as extracurricular in elementary school is divided into some parts, they are: model of syllabus, purpose of learning, material of learning, media of learning, method of learning, assessment, and source of learning. Model of Syllabus. Based on the observation, model of syllabus at MI Muhammadiyah Gorontalo is based on the curriculum of KTSP. The reason is to put English teachers at ease in composing the material of learning. By that, the components of syllabus still refer to KTSP guideline, i.e., competency standard, basic competency, learning material, learning activity, indicator, assessment, time allocation, and learning source.
The students are from different background and different levels of proficiency. 3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN This survey will be carried out in selected urban primary school. The main aim of this study was to find out the students’ reading attitude and habit in terms in reading English language. The Standard 5 students and five English teachers from the selected school who will participate in this survey will be asked to respond to the items. This is a quantitative study which conducted through a survey method that involved questionnaire to get the response from the teachers and students regarding cultivate reading habits among the primary school students.