In Riftvalley on the other hand, the majority Kalenjin were purported to be taking over land and properties owned by people from other ethnic groups. The international community could not watch Kenya burn down years of nation building and hence UN sent it’s then Secretary General Kofi Anan to help settle the conflict. This was a dark period for Kenya and the Anan led team settled the political conflict by calling
Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships. This tension, built upon hostilities over colonization, and other poor treatment of African people, has helped contribute to the violence in Africa in the past. Furthermore, it is clear Europeans, and in turn, Americans, have always had a superiority complex towards Africans. This would lead to views of Africans as being inferior, which can lead to ideas of them being less civilized, and more dangerous. This compounds on the actual violence in Africa, and results in the world viewing the entire continent as violent and
Consequently, they are discriminated against in employment and other areas. Besides Lagos where those from other ethnic backgrounds are in the state cabinet and state, most states only have those who are considered indigenes in their Houses of Assembly and cabinets. I doubt there is any state in Nigeria that has a senator or member in the House of Representatives who are not so called indigenes. This too is xenophobia. Just as they are outraged about the xenophobia against Nigerians in other countries, Nigerians should be equally outraged by xenophobia within Nigeria, which is based on religious and ethnic lines.
The main tribes fighting for political power and survival are the Kikuyu’s, the Kalenjin’s and the Luo. Under Jomo Kenyatta, the Kikuyus enjoyed political and commercial control of the country at the expense of the Kalenjin and the Luo, under Moi the Kalenjin’s enjoyed preferential treatment. Tribalism has been a constant thorn in the side of Kenya’s fragile national identity, which the domination of some tribes and marginalisation of others prevalent in several aspects of daily life from political to society. This makes the case of “Unbwoggable” becoming an anthem of Kenyan nationality peculiar, because its roots are heavily found in the Luo tribe. In the song, several segments are written In Luo and seem to encourage those of the Luo community to engage in solidarity by practicing group values such as remembering those who help you, and carry you, whilst also heaping praise on Luo prominent figures such as Robert Ouko, Riala Odinga, and Tom
In the aftermath of this rift, two major warring groups emerged: a government led by President Salva Kirr and a rebel group led by former Vice President Riek Machar (Maru, 2015). While several rounds of mediation have led to the signing of an agreement to cease hostilities, the fighting continues between President Kirr's forces and those aligned with Machar. Currently, the violence appears to persist along ethnic lines and has fuelled a vicious cycle of reprisal attacks against civilians (Maru, 2015). This major commotion is a big hindrance to the good potential of South Sudan to improve itself and achieve development. Some other little conflicts are happening inside that causes so much trouble and repressions of
The OHCHR released a document in 2011 that highlights the condition of human rights in Somalia and talks about the work it has been doing in Somalia. The main problem represented in the document is the serious violation of human rights that the citizens of Somalia have been facing since the start of the conflict.
Several conflicts today are taking place within and across states. The roots of many of these intra-state conflicts can be traced to the denial of state authorities of their citizens’ assertion that they have a right to self-determination. Bangsamoro is the collective identity of the Islamized people in Mindanao, in the islands of Basilan and Palawan, and the Sulu and Tawi-Tawi archipelago in the south of the Philippines. The Bangsamoro means the Moro nation, as people with distinct identity and common culture, and with long history of political independence in the same territory they presently occupy, continuously assert their right to freedom and independence as an expression of their right to self-determination. The Bangsamoro people consist of several ethno-linguistics groups, like the Iranun, Magindanaon, Maranao, Tao-Sug, Sama, Yakan, Jama Mapun, Ka 'agan, Kalibugan, Sangil, Molbog,
These countries were all under some kind of foreign rule at that time, and the way the call for independence started is not very different, usually when the racism and abuse towards the native people if brought to surface causing protests and calls for reformation or complete independence, leading to clashes between the colonizing troops or government troops with the citizens which sparks a series of violence eventually leading to the independence of their state. The legacies and ideas that unify the Africans states is the idea of freedom and unity. The African people although being from different countries and cultures, were being rules by similar rules and methods, they have all seen the same type of racism and violence, and have experienced slavery or some form of abuse. All of these experiences would surely lead to these unrelated people from different countries to having similar ideologies and legacies. After all, the most common aspect that all Africans had during the 1800s and 1900s is the dream of freedom, which they have eventually
Continual Military intervention and break down of constitution weaken the role of provinces and strengthened the centralized authority non democratic directions set in Pakistan that is Fact federalism is the best pattern of pluralism where different ethnic populations co-exist calmly. There are some states having federal systems in appearance not in essence. The former Soviet Union was a federation in form only. Actually it was a unitary state because its different institutions, political party and economic planning activates had strong centralized tendencies. The similar case has been observed in Ethiopia and Nigeria.
Villagization was, therefore, informed by existing negative official opinions of the region and its inhabitants. This enables NFDs to appreciate the interplay between the use of villagization as a counter insurgency strategy and as a developmental imperative, which resulted in the criminalization of pastoralism. The criminalization on pastoralism, affected all the pastoralist communities including the Gabra and the Dassanetch that has led to continued conflict. 4.2.2 The Turbi Massacre Turbi is a small town located some 130 kilometres North East of Marsabit Town, and lies on the boundary between Marsabit and Moyale. The population is primarily nomadic.