Marx’s ideas on this exploitation refers to a feudalistic driven society, where the performance of labour is over and above what is needed to produce goods consumed by the labourer. An example to sustain his theory is of when the exploiter ends up with a surplus. The proletariat or working class is therefore not paid the full value of what she or he produces, the rest is the surplus value which is the capitalist’s profits, and according to Marx known as the ‘unpaid labour of the working class’. The bourgeoisie force down wages of the proletariat to increase their own profits and this creates a more direct conflict between the classes and gives rise to the development of class consciousness in the working class. The working class, through trade unions and other struggles becomes conscious of itself as an exploited class.
To Marx, alienation is dangerous in a society because it denies workers “their human, creative origins” (Hampsher-Monk 1992: 499). A flaw that Marx sees in capitalism is that for the working class, work is very specialized, meaning that a worker only needs one set of skills to produce in a factory. The ruling class view specialization as a positive, since for them it translates to high efficiency and productivity which yields a higher margin of profit. Due to specialization, Marx argues that the worker does not reach their fullest potential in life, and therefore perceives capitalism to be an unfair economic system (Hancock 1971: 65). Moreover, Marx viewed “human beings as essentially social” and because humans are social, work should be “within a context of social relations” (Sayers 2011: 81).
Marx also thinks that what the workers want it to feel less alienated. This includes feeling alienated from the product, the process and more .He thinks that under capitalism the only think the bourgeoisie want is profit and to become richer. Marx also speaks about how capitalism will fall and how it will affect the state. He says with the fall of capitalism a revolution
Preconditions and Contradictions of a Capitalist Society According to Karl Marx, the revolutionist and sociologist, there are preconditions as well as contradictions in a capitalist society. In this essay there will be the identifying, defining and the discussion of key concepts as discussed in the Tutorials and in the module of the course as Sociology. There will be discussed who Karl Marx was, the influences in his life, the theory he studies named Marxism, conflict and contradictions, dialectic thinking, Materialism, Society, What Capitalism is?, and the critique based on Marx’s work from others. At the end I will come to a conclusion to prove that there are preconditions and contradictions in a capitalist society. Who is Karl
Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit. The third, is alienation from other people. Marx said that through work people will be able to develop connection with other people. However, industrial capitalism causes people to compete against each other than working together. Which causes people to drift apart from each other and the possibility for comradeship is lessened.
In “The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels”, the concept of socialism is also accompanied by the concept of communism. They explained that this concepts are two ideological systems, and how they arise in response to the Industrial Revolution. During the industrial revolution, many capitalist factory owners, meaning the Bourgeoise became extremely rich by exploiting their workers, meaning the Proletariat. The Proletariat exploitation begin from being paid with an unfair wage, working for long hours and where age and sex was no longer a problem. These two ideological systems emerge, with the aim of providing a better situation to workers and to promote an economic growth through different strategies.
Karl Marx famously states, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." This chapter points out the bourgeois’ position through private ownership of land, exploiting the proletariat. We often see throughout our earlier history the oppressor and oppressed against each other and in some instances it is seen more than others. Marx first describes the proletariat and bourgeois history. As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too.
Holland Arrowsmith explains Marxism as a term which refers to “a hugely diverse set of social, economic, philosophical, historical and cultural theories”. Several theories such as social, economical, political and critical theories have been derived from Marxism philosophy. Marxism advocates equality amongst the class structure of society. Marxism is divided into two fundamental classes. According to Marx there are only two classes which exist: Bourgeoisie, which means powerful or dominant class and Proletariat, which means the peasant or working classes.
Karl Marx (1818–1883) was a German conceived rationalist who existed the larger part of his grown-up life in London, England. In The Comrade Manifesto,karl Marx contended that a class is framed when its parts attain class awareness and solidarity. This generally happens when the parts of a class get to be mindful of their abuse and the clash with an alternate class. A class will then understand their imparted diversions and a typical personality. As per Marx, a class will then make a move against those that are abusing the lower classes.
His aims were to revolutionize the concept of work through creating a classless society built on control and ownership of the means of production. Marx believed that Economic Determinism, Dialectical Materialism and Class Struggle were the three principles that explained his theories. The Bourgeois (Dominant class who control and own the means of production) and Proletariat (Subordinate class: Don’t own and control the means of production) were the only two classes who engaged in aggressive interaction to achieve class consciousness. Class struggle appeared all throughout history. At first, people lived in small communist societies.