In the time Marx lived it was the start and the beginning of the modern world. Industrialization and urbanization was high in England and even where he lived in London. Before his theory and before he was enlightened he saw that the worker class was busy rebelling against the parliament and economic. Unionism started to creep in under the workers class and they decided to put forward a movement against unionism. Marx was the only one that looks futher into the future and that he came to a conclusion that the workers class was the future to the economy.
Marx also thinks that what the workers want it to feel less alienated. This includes feeling alienated from the product, the process and more .He thinks that under capitalism the only think the bourgeoisie want is profit and to become richer. Marx also speaks about how capitalism will fall and how it will affect the state. He says with the fall of capitalism a revolution
Throughout the history, money, wealth and capital ruled over the way that millions of people lived. It has divided people to the rich and poor; the ones who were dictated by their wealth and the ones that work for them. Karl Marx was the first person, who focused on the analyze of how the capitalist society works, how did it come to this point from feudalism and where is it going to lead. “Marxism” is Karl Marx’s analysis of the growing and complicated relations of two main classes – bourgeoisie and proletariats. Marxism was firstly founded by Karl Marx, but there is a big role of Friedrich Engels on the development and spreading of the theory.
Karl Marx famously states, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." This chapter points out the bourgeois’ position through private ownership of land, exploiting the proletariat. We often see throughout our earlier history the oppressor and oppressed against each other and in some instances it is seen more than others. Marx first describes the proletariat and bourgeois history. As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too.
Marx argues that the proletariats will revolt against bourgeoisies and lead to the fall of capitalism and rise of communism. Marx’s point of view of social change is for social interest and getting rid of class exploitation once the proletariats remove the bourgeoisies from the top of the social and economic chain. Unlike Marx who focuses on the class struggle and the rapid social changes, Durkheim points out that it should be don’t only as far as necessary. According to Marx, “we conclude that it is not good to push specialization as far as possible, but only as far as necessary” arguing that the specialization should not be pushed to the possible limit, but only to what is necessary and not over pushing it (Durkheim 334). Unlike Marx, Durkheim argues that the
This arise from the French socialist and communist literature. The german “True” socialists, the revolutionary Proletariat and with the help of the over concentration of capital, they threaten and abolish the “industrial and political supremacy” of the Bourgeoisie (The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Chapter III, paragraph 15, page 31). The second category is the bourgeois or conservative socialism. This ideology comes from the awareness of the bourgeoisie such as humanitarians, economists or improvers which fight against the proletariat suffering and inequalities. They try to attempt to mitigate the injustices of the working class within society, by providing then the benefits they deserve, such as; “free trade, prison reform and protective duties” (The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Chapter III, paragraph 7, page 32).
Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit. The third, is alienation from other people. Marx said that through work people will be able to develop connection with other people. However, industrial capitalism causes people to compete against each other than working together. Which causes people to drift apart from each other and the possibility for comradeship is lessened.
Holland Arrowsmith explains Marxism as a term which refers to “a hugely diverse set of social, economic, philosophical, historical and cultural theories”. Several theories such as social, economical, political and critical theories have been derived from Marxism philosophy. Marxism advocates equality amongst the class structure of society. Marxism is divided into two fundamental classes. According to Marx there are only two classes which exist: Bourgeoisie, which means powerful or dominant class and Proletariat, which means the peasant or working classes.
Thus, it can be concluded that industrial revolution resulted in a shift from agrarian societies to urban societies. It had both the positive and the negative impacts on the society. On one side it increased job opportunities but on the other the working and living conditions of the workers declined drastically. It was characterized by the application of knowledge but