Classical And Human Relation Theories

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INTRODUCTION This is a critical evaluation of the influence of classical and human relations approaches in management today with reference to appropriate literatures and cases. The advent of management theory in Europe and America in the nineteenth century was brought by industrialization. The early theorist can be divided into two categories one is Practising Manager such as Taylor and Fayol and another is Social Scientists such as Mayo and McGregor. Practicing manager evolved their theories out of their personal management experience and could be applied throughout the whole world to achieve better management which led to organisational efficiency .See Cole, G.A (2004). The resulting theories of the practising manager were mainly based on structure of work and organization and these theories are termed as Classical Theories of Management. The Social Scientists were inspired by human behaviour with relation to their work, they were regarded as academics engaging more research on human considering their motivation, leadership style and their interpersonal communication. The theories were termed as Human Relations theorists and Social Psychological School. There existed another group of social scientist with the idea of organization as social system, more research was done on employee behaviour with what is more suited in a given circumstance and was labelled as Contingency theorists Cole, G.A (2004) . The recent theories have focused more in strategic perspective with
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