Classical Architecture: The Corinthian Capital

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As soon as I entered the museum, something magnificent attracted me. It was the Corinthian capital! That’s why I chose to talk about it. So in my essay, I will describe it, talk about the period that he belongs to and inform you about how they got it. The Architectural Orders are the old styles of classical architecture, each determinate by its proportions and attribute profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed. There is three ancient orders of architecture: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian from Greece. The Romans joined to the Greek order the Tuscan (simpler than the Doric), and the Composite (more patterned than the Corinthian). In the Greek architecture, the arch wasn’t used until its late period unlike…show more content…
BC. It was comparatively little used. The Corinthian is characterized by: the fluted columns, elaborate capitals. These capitals are draped by acanthus leaves and scrolls. The acanthus is a family of chiefly herbs and shrubs. Many of them have decorative spiny leaves, it is cultivated as ornamentals at the Mediterranean’s countries. It symbolize heaven. The word “Corinthian” is took from the city: Corinth. Corinth is an ancient Greek city of the Peloponnesus, in south-central Greece. The sculptor Callimachus was the one who created this order. He drew acanthus leaves growing around a basket. The Corinthian order was known by its proportion. This point is similar to the ionic column, because it is more slender. Its stand apart by its distinctive carved capital. Upon the capital there is an abacus that has concave sides and may have a rosette at the…show more content…
In the last quarter of the first century in the reign of Augustus and over 2 centuries in the reign of Philip the Arab, the romans built a huge temple complex in baalbek, formed by 3 temples: Jupiter Bacchus and Venus. On a neighboring hill they built a temple for mercury. Baalbek called Heliopolis was made a Colonia by septimius Severus in 193 AD, having been part of the territory of Berytus on the Phoenician coast. They worked on the religious complex for a long period but it was never completed. In commemoration of the dedication of the new sanctuaries, Severus conferred the rights of the ius Italicum on the city. There is only today, six Corinthian columns remain standing of this huge Jupiter temple. In addition, the temple of Bacchus, a world heritage site, is the one of the grandest roman temple ruins in the world.it has an influential model for neoclassical architecture. The walls are decorated by 42 Corinthian columns. The columns support a richly carved entablature. The cella is decorated with Corinthian half-columns flanking two levels of niches on each side. The monumental building of Baalbek is “Bustan al khan” 100 CE–ca. 200 CE. It is a place in the south of the temple of Jupiter in Baalbek. It contains a portico with twelve columns, shaped capitals. It was

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