Classical Conditioning Case Study

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UJGP1003-FUNDAMENRALS OF PSYCHOLOGYINDIVIDUAL
ASSIGNMENT BY: YONG SIEN SIEN
Introduction
Classical conditioning, which was developed by the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, is the first type of learning wherein an organism responds to an environmental stimulus. Pavlov was a surgeon who was doing experiments on dogs. He noticed that the dogs he kept in his lab would start salivating every time they saw the lab assistant who often fed them, even without being shown any food. From Pavlov’s point of view, clearly, the dogs had learned to associate the assistant with food. Therefore, he set out to investigate this learning further. Classical Conditioning is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and
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In simple terms two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or animal. Classical Conditioning has included unconditioned stimulus (US) which is unlearned and can cause unconditioned response (UR), it is constancy and the basic viability of organisms. Unconditioned Response generally only through the following central cortex. Beside that, Conditioned stimulus (CS) is based on the Classical Conditioning. It can cause conditioned response (CR) which is need learned. Conditioned Response to go through the cerebral cortex. There are three stages of classical conditioning. At each stage the stimuli and responses are given special scientific terms.
In order to understand how classical conditioning works, it is important to know its basic principles.
1. Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
The unconditioned stimulus is the one that automatically triggers a response. For example, if the smell of food makes us hungry, then this smell is the unconditioned stimulus.
2. Unconditioned Response
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For example, when you smell one of your favorite foods, you may immediately feel very hungry. In this example, the smell of the food is the unconditioned stimulus.
The Unconditioned Response (UCR)
The unconditioned response is the unlearned response that occurs naturally in response to the unconditioned stimulus. In our example, the feeling of hunger in response to the smell of food is the unconditioned response.

Stage 2: During Conditioning:
During this stage a stimulus which produces no response (i.e. neutral) is associated with the unconditioned stimulus at which point it now becomes known as the conditioned stimulus (CS).
Example 1:
A headache (UCS) might be associated with to get wet in the rain (CS). Also cheese cake (UCS) might be associated with a specific person which is starving (CS).
Often during this stage the UCS must be associated with the CS on a number of occasions, or trials, for learning to take place. However, one trail learning can happen on certain occasions when it is not necessary for an association to be strengthened over time (such as being sick after to get wet in the rain or always stay up late).
Example

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