Classical Models Of Disaster Management

986 Words4 Pages
Models for Crisis and Disasters Management

Student: Hirschkorn Remus Alexandru

Introduction The risk and crisis management systems are support decision systems placed at the highest level of a hierarchical intelligent system of alerts, which could be implemented in different domains where the risk of happening an undesirable event that can disturb the good function of a critical infrastructure exists. Am alerting system should be put in place and this should notify a operator or the competent authorities, depending on the nature of the disaster, regarding an abnormality in the pattern of the normal conditions. An intelligent response is needed to prevent and/or
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There are not essential differences between crisis management and disasters management, only that the last is more specific. However, there is another concept derived from disaster management who covers nearly the whole discussed thematic area, namely the emergency management.
Emergency Management is the generic name of an interdisciplinary field dealing with the strategic organizational management processes used to protect critical assets of an organization from hazard risks that can cause disasters or catastrophes, and to ensure their continuance within their planned lifetime.

Classical models of disaster management systems There are a lot of models that respect the classical principles of the disaster management such as Traditional model, Expand and Contract model, Kimberly’s model, Tuscaloosa model, Circular model, Manitoba integrated model, etc. Hereafter a description some of the them.
1. The Traditional model contains only two phases:
• Pre-Disaster risk-reduction model phase and
• Post-disaster recovery
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Expand and Contract model. Here the activities and actions occur simultaneously and overcome the sequential nature limitations in the traditional model. This model doesn’t consider the external or internal factors related to the hazard event. Moreover, in case of any hazard event other strengthens factors could appear during the event that might have effects on the event and this model. doesn’t take it into consideration. Unfortunately this model is not applicable for different cases of disaster. doesn’t take it into consideration. Unfortunately this model is not applicable for different cases of disaster.

3. Kimberly model and Tuscaloosa model decompose the disaster management cycle in four phases: mitigation, preparation, response and recovery. The main difference is that Kimberly model considered the mitigation and the response on the same base level, and the recovery on the top level, while Tuscaloosa model limited the effect of disaster by inserting the mitigation at the beginning and the end of the cycle.

Both Kimberly and Tuscaloosa models require well trained employees in order to apply these phases effectively and can be utilized only in specific situations: emergency management in hospitals. Moreover; high budget will be expected for the
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