INTRODUCTION In the Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America, Jay Sexton looked at an important piece of work written by James Monroe, which still plays an important role on American Diplomacy even unto the 20th Century. The major message of the Monroe doctrine shows United States’ insecurities and their passion. It shows their doubt of Great Britain and feared to be recolonized by that great nation, and the expansionist of United States’ ambition in having political independence through the unity of the nation. This doctrine reflects how foreign affairs could affect a nation greatly through internal conflicts and externally threats from greater nations. SUMMARY The Monroe Doctrine represents the mindset of the Americans
The philosophers that had the biggest impact on these documents were Locke, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Beccaria, and Rousseau. The philosopher whose ideas were most effective during the revolutions was an English philosopher named John Locke. Locke had a direct impact on the French Revolution and the American Revolution. Locke believed people are born free and equal with 3 natural rights(life, liberty, and property). Locke's theory had a deep influence on modern political thinking, which directly influenced the American Revolution.
Larger states often dominant the role of international relations within the region. Based on Neorealism, the state plays a very important role in international relations and possesses power to ensure domestic security and economy stability. It also indicates that state is the main actor and clearly specifies the role of the non-states, such as international organization, transnational organizations and many other social organizations.
Ronald Inglehart’s main focus in The Silent Revolution was the values of individuals in industrialized countries. His main argument was that a fundamental change in values has taken place among western politics. There has been a shift of emphasis on material values to post material values. Material values are values that third world countries, for example, hope to achieve. These place a heavy emphasis on concerns for immediate needs and threats.
Italian Niccolo Machiavelli was a Renaissance politician, philosopher, historian, diplomat and writer whose work has been a major influence in modern political thought and helped shape the systems that govern us today. This essay intends to analyze some of the major differences between two of his most important writings, The Prince and The Discourses, and come to a conclusion on which of the works most accurately describes Niccolo’s true view of politics; and what his true views actually are. In Discourses, Machiavelli switches from his talk of principalities under a single ruler which is the basis of The Prince, and instead delves into the virtues of a republic. Ultimately, The Discourses represents a more accurate view of Machiavelli’s political beliefs. The Discourses, all in all, is a clearly stated political book that lays down the prerequisites to build a successful republic and how to maintain its virtues.
The Enlightenment was an important turning point in history, and there were a lot of different effects of the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment brought a lot of new ideas about the purpose of government, human rights, and how the government should be set up. Philosophers like Thomas Hobbs, John Locke, and Baron de Montesquieu shared their opinions. Thomas Hobbs, an English philosopher born in 1588, wrote the book, Leviathan (1651), about the purpose of government. He believed that absolute authority of government was necessary.
The Enlightenment, also known as the “Age of Reason,” occurred in the eighteenth century and was a period in which ideas concerning God, nature, reason and humanity were combined, and these ideas instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics. The Enlightenment was crucial in determining aspects in terms of politics, government, and religion. Enlightenment thinkers such as John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Charles Montesquieu influenced the Founding Fathers and their ideas were found in the Declaration of Independence. The most important influence that shaped the founding of the United States came from John Locke, an Englishmen who redefined the nature of government. His views were most fully developed in the famous Second Treatise Concerning Civil Government; his views were so radical that he only expressed authorship in his will.
Going back to consider the political theory, authority, and liberty in history, we can take a look at Machiavelli and Hobbes’ perspectives and different features of documents as primary sources, so that we can comprehend how these two great philosophers viewed the themes differently. My first theme that I would extend on Machiavelli and Hobbes’ notions would be on political theory.
THE TEMPEST: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY ON SHAKESPEARE’S LAST PLAY Political Philosophy is a wide branch of philosophy that focuses statements and arguments involving political opinion. It is all about state, politics itself, liberty, justice and the idea of authority. It tackles the meaning of government, what makes a government just, the freedom of its underman, duties of the citizens and other political stuff. This type of philosophy is being practiced since it was discovered and has two reasons. First is the method and approach the philosopher and second is the philosopher 's agenda that made him came up with the methods he used.
ABSTRACT This essay reviews the paradigm of neo-realism (also known as structural realism), a sub-sect of realism and one of the most influential theories in the study and analysis of international relations. Firstly, the essay will list and analyze the key elements of the neo-realist school of thought, as well as its variants. Then, the application of this paradigm will be examined in the case of the balance of power in Southeast Asia, focusing on the relationships among the key players in the area – namely China, Vietnam and the United States. KEY ELEMENTS Neo-realism is a reformulation of the classical realist school of thought, first introduced by Kenneth Waltz in “Theory of International Politics”, to fit with the new happenings of the
Conclusion a. Restated thesis: As seen in the Great War for Empire of 1754-1763 and the American Civil War of 1861-1865, societal, political, and / or economic changes, although progressive in nature and intended to prevent conflict did impact whether societies waged “limited” or “total” war. b. Significance: The modern day officer must become a student of history, requiring evaluation of these influences on how we fight. Societal views change or differ, political environment and views often differ, and economic posturing is ever present.