CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW Classroom management and its significance: Managing student behavior has always been a primary concern of teachers for student misbehaviors have interfered with a positive learning environment (Shin & Koh, 2007). Over the past years, teachers expressed their concerns about controlling their students and managing their classes. Doyle (1980) stated that maintaining order in a classroom is a basic task of teaching as management activities lead to the establishment and maintenance of those conditions in which instruction can take place effectively and efficiently. Shin & Koh (2007) stated that effective classroom management plays a significant role for constructive educational environments for both learners and educators. First, it is important to know what classroom management is in order to understand its effects on the learning environment.
Students love thinking they have goals. The benefits of having a goal oriented objectives in a classroom could allow people to matriculate easier into a learning environment that makes them happy. In a classroom, there are many ways to incorporate a routine into a student’s daily schedule that elicits the kind of learning outcomes that can make this possible. Positive interactions between student and teacher can be observable if there is understanding, respect, and recognition. Goals made by students and teachers to achieve this developmental interaction determines the productivity present within every objective.
According to Qian, Tian &Wang (2009), classroom communication is a problematic means. Therefore, they claimed that understanding the dynamics of classroom discourse is obligatory for teachers to shape and keep good communicative practices. Recent studies of interaction in classes which choose a mainly CLT methodology distinguish features of discourse in classrooms. For example, Fowler & Sarapli (2010) argued that features such as the insufficient number of error correction, emphasizing the communication over accuracy, and learner 's exposure to the extensive variety of discourse types
Discipline is the required effort by a teacher towards a learner to correct disobedience. Class room management is a term which is mostly used by teachers to describe the action of making sure that classroom lessons are in order, despite disruptive behaviour by learners. The purpose of this essay is to understand what other authors elaborate the word discipline. In this essay, I will be describing various authors’ interpretation of the concept discipline/classroom management and highlight scenarios of disciplinary problems in the classroom with strategies that I as a teacher I will put in place. According to Foucault (1975) He defined discipline as a way of controlling the movement and operations of the body in a constant way, the method by which control become possible.
Teachers play a crucial role in second or foreign language learning. Their characteristics, personality traits, behaviors, strategies and teaching methodologies along with other related factors determine their effectiveness in class and the impact they have on their students' attitudes and achievement. Some of the features that contribute directly to effective teaching are feeling responsibility for the classroom and students’ success, using personal experiences as examples in teaching, being not only planned but also flexible and spontaneous when necessary, be responsive to situations and students’ needs, and looking for the best solution in conflict situations. Effective teachers know about how each student perform in class that they
The framework of this assignment was to observe a teacher classroom management style, strategies, and students behaviors in the classroom. Check if the teacher is following an established and effective procedure, note whether positive interactions between the teacher and student occur more frequently than negative interactions. Finally, locate some classroom management mistakes that occur in the class during observation and try to find solutions to increase effective classroom management and decrease problem student behaviors. Classroom management Classroom management refers to the large type of skills and techniques that instructors use to keep students organized, focused, attentive, on task, and academically fruitful during a class.
One example is that psychomotor skills of performance-based task among the students in their classes. A good lesson allows a valid and reliable criterion reference of performance. A lesson log is a printed set of guidelines that distinguishes performance or products of different quality. According to Adorinda R. Monje-Sarmiento (2008), Evaluation is a primary part of the education process. The teacher should lead every experience in terms of the needs and interests of the students as seen in life situations.
CCE is aimed at grooming students academically as well as shaping their attitudes, beliefs and values. It helps the teacher to organize effective teaching strategies. Continuous evaluation helps in regular assessment to the extent and degree of the learner’s progress. During our visit to one of the government schools for observation, it was seen that the teacher was even not even aware of the basic concept behind CCE. CCE thus requires that all teachers be trained and adhere to the implementation of the same assessment methods, else the system is liable to suffer from many
It teaches students to manage their time in flexible ways to match individually needs and gives students increasing responsibilities for the learning process. Furthermore, it also teaches students to master learning objectives and encourage compatible interdisciplinary investigation. In this learning process, students are taught to solve problems, answer questions and formulate questions of their own through cooperative, collaborative and supportive learning environment. Moreover, in this learning environment, students are able to work on problems and projects under conditions that assure both positive interdependence and individual
School and teachers can influence the extent and quality of learning for all students. Teacher’s beliefs, practices and attitudes are important for understanding and improving educational processes. They are closely linked to teachers’ strategies for coping with challenges in their daily professional life. Educators have control over numerous factors that influence motivation, achievement and behaviour of students. They are turning around their approach into a focus on creating positive school climate and responsive classroom as part of holistic quality education based on child rights where there is effective teaching and classroom management, thus enhancing students’ learning experiences.