Claudette Colvin spearheaded the Civil Rights Movement in the United States with her arrest on March 2, 1955. She protested the segregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama. This led to the Supreme Court ruling that ended bus segregation in Alabama. Claudette Colvin’s young age and big personality kept the NAACP from turning her into the symbol that Rosa Parks became.
Claudette Colvin was born on September 5, 1939 in Montgomery, Alabama. Her adoptive parents C. P. Colvin, a lawn mower, and Mary Anne Colvin, a maid, lived in an impoverished black neighborhood. In Twice Toward Justice, Phillip Hoose’s biography of Claudette Colvin, she recounts a time at four years old when she spoke to a couple of white boys in a retail store with her mother. The boys asked to compare hands. Her mother saw her about to touch hands and she slapped her in the face and told her she could not touch them.
Protest and Arrest …show more content…
[[[Fueled with the knowledge of the current civil rights movement, Claudette Colvin felt compelled to draw attention to her case.]]] Local community leaders determined it would be better to wait. Rosa Parks was famously arrested on December 1, 1955, for refusing to move and she became the NAACP’s face of the civil rights movement. A few key reasons exist for why the NAACP chose Rosa Parks over Claudette Colvin. Colvin’s young age of 15 made her seem more immaturely defiant to the public eye. Colvin’s family came from a very poor background and Parks fell into the middle class. Colvin’s skin was much darker than Parks. Rosa Parks already held a key position of respect with African-American politicians. But most importantly, Colvin became pregnant several months after her arrest by a much older man. [[[[The NAACP did not feel an unmarried pregnant teenager could positively represent their cause.]]]]
The Case of Browder v.
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Claudette was 15 year old when she did this. " When asked why she is little known and why everyone thinks only of Rosa Parks, Colvin says the NAACP and all the other black organizations felt Parks would be a good icon because 'she was an adult. They didn't think teenagers would be reliable,'" (NPR). This is a great role model for young children.
No lunches were provided, her parents had to bring her lunch. She was pretty active in sports, went to Hahnville high school 8 miles from where she lived, the buses were also segregated but new schools were built for George Washington, she didn’t go to school with white kids. Graduated from high school in 1955. After that she couldn’t get any jobs, so her mom paid to get public bus transportation, it was a private bus, but that was segregated too, Gloria went to New Orleans to get typing classes. She had nine siblings, parents only had elementary education, and her mom did a lot of sowing for white people and did all our clothes.
On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, on a bus, Rosa Parks said “no”. Parks was arrested because she refused to vacate her seat in the white section on the bus. Just like Parks, many blacks were arrested and even killed in response to civil rights. There were many bombings too. On October 12, 1958, fifty sticks of dynamite exploded in a church.
In Anne Moody’s autobiography, Coming of Age in Mississippi, she discusses the hardships that “negroes” faced during a time when segregation was prevalent. Anne Moody, or Essie Mae, as she was often referred to in the book, was a black rights activist. Certain events lead her to be such a strong advocate for African Americans. Her first memory of being separated from white people was at the movie theatre. Children were the last to see color, so they did not realize how sternly the segregation was enforced.
During the formation of a new nation, the government is founded upon one of four theories. The theory that most prominently influenced America's framers was the social contract theory, which can be described as a population in a state of nature giving up as much power to a government as needed to promote the wellbeing of all. To this end, the founding fathers endorsed Philosopher John Locke’s theory that since the government derives its power from its people, citizens are entitled to replace their government if their natural rights are violated. Therefore, during the American Revolution, American colonists were justified to utilize civil disobedience against British policies. Similarly, in modern times, citizens are still justified to practice their obligation explained in the Declaration of Independence that “whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation . . .
When Rosa Parks got an arrest, it had started a resolution. When Rosa didn't get up from her seat for a white man, the driver called the police and arrested her. So at her court date, the African Americans had started a boycott. The Africans have to seat in the back of the bus in the colored section. Because Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man; she started a revolution and the fight for equal rights for black people.
Separate but Unequal: The Fight to End Desegregation Segregation is the act or practice of setting groups of people apart from each based on the pigment of their skin, which is unjust and immoral. A man needs food, water, shelter, and medicine, regardless if they are black or white. In the United States after the Civil War, American society was segregated. Segregation of public places such as restaurants, buses, and schools were allowed. The separating of black and white has caused many problems in society and these inequalities are still felt today.
Rosa Parks was given the name “mother of the civil rights movement” because of the actions that she did against segregated laws. Parks, in the most segregated city in the United States, Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give her seat to a white person in a public bus. Parks refused to give her seat up because she stated that she was tired of seen all Africans giving in to the orders of whites. She was tired of whites always winning and blacks having no voice. In the website of black history under the article Rosa Parks, Parks explains, “People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, . . .
The author of the Rosa Parks page emphasizes that, “By refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus in 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks (1913—2005) helped initiate the civil rights movement in the United States” (Rosa Parks). Simply put, Rosa inspired the rest of the African American communities around the United States to protest through boycotts whenever they had the chance to do so. Determined to get the bus segregation law overturned, Parks and her fellow NAACP
with fear as the reason for her relative fearlessness in deciding to appeal her conviction during the bus boycott. Four days after the Rosa Parks arrest African Americans boycotted the Montgomery bus. In the year of the boycott, Rosa Parks traveled around the world raising awareness and funds for the movement (boycott). Also she is called the mother of the civil rights movement.
Rosa parks follows another woman, Claudette Colvin. Claudette did do exactly the same thing as Rosa, but she was pregnant at the time so the NAACP though she didn’t have the ability to stand up on her own. Colvin, Parks, Lafayette, Emeagwali, Fuller, Malcolm X, and Bridges are just a couple of the great african-american heroes. Rosa Parks is a influence on all people. She shows everyone that if they stand up in what the believe in they can do all things, even if there are consequences.