However, the most common ones that we need to know are: • Anger related – A crime of passion or anger can lead to a lot of things in your life. A common example would be a sexual assault due to a personal grudge on the woman. This is done to defile and degrade the victim as an ultimatum. • Power assertive – A person with underlying feelings of inadequacy feeds their issues with respect to mastery, control, dominance, strength, intimidation, authority and capability only to show their competency. This becomes repetitive and compulsive which leads to a lot of rapes in a short span of time.
The physical impacts of conjugal assault may incorporate wounds to private organs, cuts, soreness, wounding, torn muscles, exhaustion and retching. Ladies who have been battered and assaulted by their spouses may endure other physical outcomes including broken bones, bruised eyes, bleeding noses, and blade wounds that happen amid the sexual savagery. Particular gynecological outcomes of conjugal assault incorporate unnatural birth cycles, stillbirths, bladder contaminations, barrenness and the potential compression of sexually transmitted infections including
Roxane Gay once proclaimed, “Rape culture is a culture where we are inundated, in different ways, by the idea that male aggression and violence towards women is acceptable and often inevitable.” Imagine being attacked, stripped of your identity, and being forced into and blamed for actions you did not give consent to. This is considered normal for many women who experience the appalling act of sexual assault and its effects brought upon through the media’s depiction of rape culture. In The Scarlet Letter, a novel written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the protagonist named Hester Prynne is objectified for her act of adultery and forced to wear a scarlet letter “A” on her bosom for all of eternity. The letter “A” serves as a symbol which outcasts Hester
Greek Mythology is notoriously anti-female revolution. From Aeschylus’s depiction of Clytemnestra’s thirst for power to one’s own Euripides’ depiction of Medea’s rampage of revenge, Greek mythology is terrified of powerful women. The Bacchae by Euripides makes no exception and continues stifling female empowerment; however, Euripides adds his own unique spin on terrifying female depiction. Instead of just representing women in power as monsters to fear, he instead blames femininity as the culprit. He uses the Bacchae, Dionysus, and Pentheus as examples of the danger in accessing one’s own femininity.
Solnit uses the heart-wrenching example of how “Corporal Maria Lauterbach was apparently killed by her higher-ranking colleague after she was going to testify that he had raped her” (6). This woman was sexually intimidated by her higher ranking officer and was eventually murdered to cover up what he had done. Solnit uses the horrific example of rape to emotionally grab the reader's attention, bringing them deeper into her essay. This is one of the most effective examples that Solnit uses in her essay to prove women deserve the right to be treated as human beings and that these serious problems need to be
Rape is sometimes difficult to be described but in simplest term of the Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI), defines rape as “Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim.” The second aspect of war is rape which is considered as a mode of attack in societies such as in Africa as it invests particular values in the family and in women, making them the bearers of the patriarchal honour, family honour and national identity. For Doris E. Buss: “Rape in wartime is not a simple by-product of war, but often a planned and targeted policy”. If we take the example of the widespread phenomenon of rape that took place during the violence and 1994 Genocide in Rwanda, is a holocaust of shame “in the weeks after April 6, 1994, 800,000 men, women, and children perished in the Rwandan genocide” . However, we still do not know the exact figure of how many people were reported dead, there are other untold stories but are not the stories of war outside, they are the real stories of the war within Africa. A silent war when mostly thousands of women and children were systematically and brutally raped.
Prior to analysing the applicability of the restorative justice approach vis-à-vis sexual violence or gendered harms, it is pertinent to understand that sexual violence is a serious breach of trust and often a relationship betrayal. In the context of India, the offence of sexual violence may comprise of sexual harassment of women, use of criminal force to women with the intent to outrage her modesty or with the intent to disrobe, stalking, voyeurism and rape. The survivors and offenders of sexual violence suffer from discriminating feelings of humiliation and stigma as a result of the responses from their surroundings. While on one hand, the survivors are not readily accepted by the society and there is a propagation of indignity and stigma by
c2) Violence : In Pakistan, women face multiple forms of violence including various types of sexual violence by strangers, family members and state agents, domestic violence that includes being burned, disfiguration with acid, being beaten and threatened, psychological abuse, ritiual killings, etc. According to HRCP 's report, the worst victims of violence belong to the poor or middle class. This the report links is because of their resourcelessness. They suffer inside homes and with any strength if they do gather to go to the authorities about it, they suffer their as well. > Domestic violence: The most prevalent form of violence is domestic violence.
It includes not only sexual assault and rape, but also harassment, such as forcing a partner to have sex with other people, pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no, hurting partner physically during sex and coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control. (Waithayawongkorn et al., 2009) The effects of domestic violence against womenby intimate partners are the both of physically and emotionally from multiple traumas. These traumas can have various effects on the mind, body and spirit. It is natural to experience these, and acknowledging the effects can be an important first step in embarking on a process towards restoration and healing. Living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to women.
Both Chugtai and Manto, “enfants terribles” of Urdu literature wrote bold stories that challenged notions of gender and sexuality. Partners in crime as it were, both were tried for obscenity. This paper proposes to study the body as a space with a focus on gender, sexuality and power politics in Chugtai’s “Lihaaf” and Manto’s “Thanda Gosht”. While Chugtai deals with female sexuality , Manto focuses on predatory male sexuality which looks at a woman’s body as a space to be controlled and exploited through the act of rape and aggression. .