She suggest that silence “does not protect” anyone and mute chokes us more than death itself. Besides “transforming language into silence, Black women have on one hand always been highly visible, and so, on the other hand, have been rendered invisible through the depersonalization of racism” (42). Julia de Burgos style is prominent to this article when she transforms this poem form silence into language. She reveals history, her identity, and self through a ballad style. While doing so Julia de Burgos’ “sorrow voice that is paradoxically released through the wound…In the complex relation between knowing and not knowing intersect that the language of literature and the psychoanalytic theory or traumatic experience precisely meet” (3) that enables her to retract her conscience from political-historical views to her emotions of justice and liberation.
Angelou also juxtaposes two contrasting images and ideas in her poem “Still I Rise.” She writes, “Out of the huts of history’s shame… / Up from a past that’s rooted in pain” followed by “Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave / I am the dream and the hope of the slave” (33). She begins by painting a picture full of gloom and pain and she turns this around and makes light of a very dark situation. In choosing to put these clearly contrasting ideas near each other in the poem, Angelou puts an equal emphasis on both parts. She wants people to be reminded of the horrible past, but she also, more importantly, wants people to be encouraged and to have the hope to rise above that past. These contrasts are apparent to everyone: Marguerite Johnson writes in her analysis of Angelou’s poetry that, “[Her] poems respond to black ancestors’ embittered cries with an indomitable exclamation that African Americans will rise above all inequities and flourish” (Johnson 6).
Although slavery and segregation have been abolished and deemed illegal, racism is still a major issue in today’s society. In Claudia Rankines, Citizen: An American Lyric, she explores racism in a unique way. She takes situations that happen on a daily basis, real life tragedies and acts in the media to analyze and bring awareness to the subtle and not so subtle forms of racism. While reading Citizen, people may interpret Rankine’s use of different pronouns as a way to detach herself from the situations so she wouldn’t come across as biased or one sided. However, through repeated use of different pronouns in Citizen, Rankine pulls the focus of the readers making them feel like they can identify with the different situations.
Ellison uses Invisible man to highlight the racism and Prejudice within society; despite the narrator’s lack of reliability, these themes are still conveyed effectively. Not only does our narrator detail the differences between black and white people, but also northern and southern people so that even the southern white man could read this book and relate to the feeling. All of his delusions, and outbursts add to the societal situation that Ellison wanted depicted in his work. The subtle racism that threatens to be brushed aside is deafening as I.M. rages on about Tobbit defending himself by being “...married to a fine, intelligent Negro girl” (468).
Stow underscored the plot of Uncle Tom's Cabin with her main goals; including convincing her fellow Northerner's of the evil in the institution of slavery; helping readers empathize with all slaves; and emphasizing that slavery causes even righteous men and women to do unspeakable acts. Unsurprisingly, the novel caused a colossal amount of criticism. In the south, white slave owners regarded the book with outrage for its condemnation of their way of life, and even initiated the publication of "anti-Uncle Tom" novels (Railton 2). Despite extreme opposition from the South, Stowe's novel resonated with a great audience and became a runaway best seller in the North and the world. Within the first week of its release, Uncle Tom's Cabin sold an astronomical amount of 10,000 copies, and roughly 300,000 more in the North alone by the end of the year (Robins 2).
These two worlds are brought together when Olds reveals their identities that paint different portraits. Furthermore, Olds writes:”And he is black and I am white, and without meaning or trying and I must profit from his darkness.” This point of the poem presents a shift because readers realize the relationship. This woman states that
Although the woman has now come to an understanding of the injustices in her society, she feels helpless because “nothing could stop Mississippi” and she thinks there is nothing she can do with this new realization since the society she lives in still upholds conservative values (Brooks 328). McKibbin argues that this mentality demonstrates the woman’s connivance with the myth of Southern chivalry and; therefore, the stereotype of a helpless woman. Just as the woman adheres to the social norms in the poem, the characters in Passing have their own ideas of social norms. Although both women are half-white and half-black, they each choose to identify with one aspect of their ethnicity, while repressing the other. Nisetich states that the problem with “the concept of racial passing is that it necessitates placing people of mixed ancestry in one racial category over another” which both supports racial categorization, while undermining it (350).
‘Plath perceives the domestic life as restrictive and a complete obliteration of her own self-worth’. Using ideas of feminist theory from the critical anthology to inform your argument, to what extent do you agree with this view? As a female poet subject to 1960’s patriarchy, Plath’s domestic and professional claustrophobia were inevitable. Married to the successful poet, Ted Hughes, she was incessantly reminded of the artistic restraints assigned to equally talented females. Plath’s poetry, looking particularly at her ‘Collected Poems’, illustrates the consequential disorientation and loss of identity caused by such patriarchal dominance, demonstrating sentiments of disgust as she is forced to adopt certain gender stereotypes in ‘Morning Song’ (1961).
In the poem titled “On the Subway” written by Sharon Odds, the author contrasts the differences of the white and black population. The narrator is a high class white woman, and is describing a low class black man through some literary techniques such as imagery and symbolism. The most important literary device presented on the poem is imagery. The whole story is composed of describing images to highlight how the man and woman’s skin tones makes them so different in society. For example, when the girl says “we are stuck on opposite sides of the car” she purposely uses the word “opposite” and demonstrate that they are not even seating on the same side nor next to each other because she is racist and believes he doesn’t have the right to be close to her.
“Out of the huts of history’s shame, I rise, Up from a past that’s rooted in pain” As she aims to inspire a whole nation, of those who have been enslaved to have hope despite their darkest time. The difference between “Still I Rise” and “Presents from my aunts from Pakistan” is that “Still I Rise” is about struggling against racial oppression while “Presents from my aunts in Pakistan” is about a confused girl belonging to two different nationalities. Angelou’s poem is also very strong and inspiring and aims to inspire a whole race of people whereas Alvi’s poem is more personal, only related to herself and some people who come from a multicultural background. In conclusion, both poems aims to convey the theme of identity through it strong ideas/characters, powerful language techniques, however expressed in a different way. “Presents from my aunts in Pakistan”, depict the desperation of a young girl’, trying to reflect on her identity while being multi-cultural, with no fixed identity.
The true definition of a “reading disorder” was not defined properly. This make it harder for readers to understand Ferreday due to the lack of understanding of what a “reading disorder” is in context of her argument. She supports her statements by using different sources as supporting evidence. The random transition between the different sources to support her argument aids in creating confusion for readers as well as lack of drive to read this literary work to completion. The structure of the article determines the easiness of comprehension of the main
Academia has been flawed in failing to include and represent the many faces of history and oppression. Scholars have gathered in-implicitly to write narratives, personal case studies, and many other works to shed light on telling the side of the other, and in various instances, the oppressed. This framework of significant usage of how people’s lives are affected within their multiple aspects of identity is called intersectionality.
While reading the story, you can tell in the narrators’ tone that she feels rejected and excluded. She is not happy and I’m sure, just like her family, she wonders “why her?” She is rejected and never accepted for who she really is. She is different. She’s not like anyone else and she knows that. She had “yellow eyes, pink teeth, red fingernails, and dark hair on her arms and chest” (225).