Anybody needs a nurse hence the development of the need theory. Unitary human beings theory by Rogers believes that a person should be harmonized with the environment so that the person may attain maximum health potential. Self-care theory by Orem explains that a healthy person should have wholeness of the human structures, mental and body functioning. Her nursing theory suggested that as much as people seek for nursing attention from the experts, they first start their nursing with themselves and nurse their family members. Neumann’s system model theory looks at the environmental stressors, and the nurses try to retain and maintain the patients’ health through maintaining the patients’ system fit with the environmental system.
Thus, the obstetrician manager specialist influences nursing through close effective communication. Additionally, it is the obstetrician manager’s responsibility to support members with medication review to facilitate patient’s safety. Cultural factors play a key role for the effective health care service. Moreover, the obstetrician manager practice is focus on improving patient’s health by assisting them. It is worth noting that effective and positive practice depends on the intercommunion between patient, environment and manager.
CONCEPT 10: COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING This concept is taken from module 11 of block 7 entitled “General Nursing”. 10.1 Significance of the Concept Community health nursing is the synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promote and protect the health of population. It combines all the basic elements of professional, clinical nursing with public health and community practice (Basavanthappa, 2007). Community health nursing is very essential particularly at this time because it maximizes the health status of individuals, families, groups and the community through direct approach with them. Community health nursing ensures nursing care of family in sick and health.
Härkänen, M., Voutilainen, A., Turunen, E., & Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K. (2016). Systematic review and meta-analysis of educational interventions designed to improve medication administration skills and safety of registered nurses. Nurse Education Today, 41, 36–43. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2016.03.017 This journal suggests evaluating the nature, quality and effectiveness of education intervention in order to promote enhanced the medication administration skills and safety in hospitals for registered nurses. There are using methods such as narrative analysis of the nature of the interventions, the effective public health practice project quality assessment tool to the quality of studies, calculating effect sizes and a meta-analysis is used for the effectiveness of the interventions.
It is constantly and visibly seen that exercising of hand hygiene is preventive aspect for the hospitals that acquired disease. However, it is significant for the infection control system and hospital officials to get the appropriate view of prevailing and practicing hand hygiene within the healthcare service. It is mainly achieved by the direct observation that self-reporting through healthcare staffs and indirect measurement based hygiene of hand antiseptic usage of the product. So, various healthcare facilities have prepared to evaluate the indirect replacing tool of hand hygiene with the healthcare facilities and among the healthcare workers. Since the study is related to an Indian hospital then the tools that they used will be explained here as usage of alcoholic hand rub and tissue paper towel may leads to hand hygiene practice.
ANA Code of Ethics & Population Health Nursing The American Nurse Association Code of Ethics is a tool for professional nurses, to use as a guide, when serving the patients and the public. The code of ethics is designed to aid nurses when making decision regarding human rights in situation of life and death. As nurses, we are to inform, and aid the public in achieving health, safety, and wellness of all people. Population health nursing is also committed in achieving overall health of the United States population. Population health is the defined as the distribution of health outcomes within a population, the determinants that influence distribution, and the policies and interventions that affect the determinants (Nash et al, 2016).
QSEN Competency of Safety A major push for the improvement of quality and safety outcomes was in 2000 when the Institute of Medicine published, To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System. In 2003 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) laid out the six core competencies for healthcare workers. In 2007, the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project redefined the competencies to fit the care of nurses (Jones, 2013). Two of the competencies laid out in this project are quality and safety. These are often clumped together, but are in fact two separate competencies.
Moreover, governmental policies productivity, market competition, and cost containment measures to manage health care related expenses also demands the nurses to put their efforts in health education so as to meet the national expectations. Above all nurses have legal pressure to educate their clients regarding their health management, treatment proposed and disease prevention. Complying with all these social, ethical and legal requirements nurses acknowledge their role in health education. 1.3 Application in current Job: Educating the patients and families is the part of job description of every nurse working in my organization. We are working with cancer patients and it is of great importance to educate our clients so as to minimize the effects of disease, potential complications, unwanted effects of the treatment employed and safe health management at home.
In this section, I will start to talk about the nurse practice act and how it improves patient care around the world. The Nurse Practice Act is laws that define responsibilities of the nurse and the scope of practice within their range. The range of activities and services as well as the qualifications for practice. The act describes what constitutes unprofessional conduct of misconduct and investigation and the disciplinary procedures for complaints filed against a nurse. These acts are in place to protect patients and families from harm as a result of unsafe or incompetent practices of unqualified nurses.
Contextual Project on Public Health Management 1. Concept of Public Health nursing Public Health Nursing is the science and art preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health and efficiency through organized community effort toward a sanitary environment (Basavantappa 2008). Public health nurse deals with health promotion and prevention by identifying risk population and initiate ways of prevent such identity risk. Broadly public health nursing covers the care of an individual’s families and community as a whole in terms of epidemiology and policies for healthy action. Health is not static is dynamic therefore human being has to adjust to their environment.