3. When a mother is carrying multiples she is more than likely going to go into labor before her due date 4. Also, Short intervals between pregnancies have shown statistically that 20% of women who wait less than a year to conceive again go into labor before 37 weeks. B. Those are just a few factors that play into preterm labor, but there are several more such as infections, stress levels, high blood pressure, preeclampsia, even being born premature increases the chances of your own baby being premature, and the list goes
Approximately 7.0% of the world’s population is thalassaemia carrier and an estimated 300,000 babies are born each year with this disorder. More than 80% of these births occur in low or middle-income countries. These countries have limited resources where priority tends to be given to combat high rates of infant and child mortality from infectious diseases and malnutrition (Weatherall, 2001). As a result, thalassaemia receive little
Children born with thalassemia major are normal at birth, but develop severe anemia during the first year of life. Other symptoms can include: Bone deformities in the face, fatigue, growth failure, shortness of breath and yellow skin (jaundice).Severe thalassemia can cause early death (between ages 20 & 30 years)
Preterm birth, defined as childbirth occurring at less than 37 weeks or 259 days of gestation, is a major determinant of neonatal mortality and morbidity and has long-term antithetical consequences for health.1-3 Children who are born preterm have higher rates of cerebral palsy, sensory deficits, learning disabilities and respiratory illnesses compared with children born full term. The morbidity related with preterm birth often extends to later life, resulting in enormous physical, psychological and economic costs.4, 5 Preterm children are at greater risk of motor impairments and these impairments often persist into adolescence. Premature infants comprise a special group of high-risk infants. Their motor development is distinct from that of healthy full - term infants and their occurrence of motor disorders is higher than their incidence of recognition and behavioral disorders.6 About 10 – 20% of all pregnancies and 9% of neonates are at risk7. According to international studies, 2.6 – 10% of neonates with birth weight of <1500 g).
is a 3-day-old male, who has a medical history of heart defects, extra fingers, cleft lip, and hypotonia. Due to the presence of several life-threatening medical problems, many infants with trisomy 13 die within their first days or weeks of life. Only five percent to 10 percent of children with this condition live past their first
This disease affects about one in 1,000 females. Triple-X syndrome only affects females because the chromosomes that are affected by this disease are the sex chromosomes, 23rd chromosomes. Description of the Symptoms Triple-X syndrome is generally goes undiagnosed throughout the child’s life. Some symptoms are the child is taller than average, delayed speech, and learning disabilities. Some rare symptoms are premature ovarian failure, infertility, and seizures.
2008, p. 50). ▪ The results of the study conducted by Gary M. Shaw, Suzan L. Carmichael, Zhanna Kaidarova, and John A. Harris of the Birth Defect Monitoring Program provided evidence that Spina bifida with hydrocephalus and Spina bifida without hydrocephalus are more prevalent in female fetuses. • Researchers of the study suggest that one sex is more susceptible to certain endogenous or exogenous factors during a critical embryonic time period (Shaw, et al. 2003, p. 957). o Geographic Factors: ▪ During 1999-2004, Hispanic infants in the Unites States had the highest prevalence of neural tube defects in comparison to Whites and Non-Hispanic Blacks (Boulet, 2008, p.
Infertility, or the inability to conceive, is a problem of global proportions, affecting between 8 and 12 percent of couples worldwide (Etuk, 2009), In developing countries, one in four ever married women of reproductive age are infertile due to primary or secondary infertility (WHO/DHS, 2004). As a natural occurrence, infertility possesses
You now have the third phase when you will detect crusts and scabs, which have covered the broken blisters. These will need time to take time and heal on their own, this may take several more days. Chicken pox does affect children different than adults because children get it more often than adults do. By the time you are an adult about 95 percent of Americans have had
Another effect of hunger would be not being able to develop correctly. “Globally, 155 million children under five years old, still suffer from stunting”(‘Know Your World’). Too many children are stunted, meaning at a certain point in a child’s life, they can suddenly stop growing, or slow down, therefore not being able to grow up like they should. 226 million children are stunted shorter than they should. Sixty-seven million children weigh less than they should.
This Neural tube defect is not as common, but it is one of the most severe cases. Each year, about 1,000 babies are affected. Anencephaly can occur when the top portion of the spinal cord doesn’t close all the way. That baby that is born with this will have little to no brain matter. The baby may be missing some of its skull, and will have birth defects of the head and face.
FRAGILE X SYNDROME: A COMMON UNKNOWN GENE Everyday day babies are born with disabilities. A majority of these are surprises to the new parents. Conditions such as: Down Syndrome, sensory impairments and neurological disorders are known to most people but still not anticipated. Fragile X Syndrome is a gene mutation that affects thousands of people, making it important to know how the disorder changes the social and emotional aspects of a person’s development and life. DEFINITION OF FRAGILE X SYNDROME Many people haven’t heard of Fragile X Syndrome, and many who have don’t know what really causes it.
Infants that are born before thirty-seventh week (premature infants) of pregnancy are preterm and are at a much higher risk of complications that result from the brain damage. Medical literature consists of a variety of other factors that may contribute towards neural damage, for example, abnormal development of the brain, anoxia (absence of oxygen) in the near-drowning situation, excessive neonatal asphyxia (refers to the situations when oxygen is absent for long periods of time or the presence of excess carbon dioxide which can cause tissue damage in the body), choking abuse, intracranial bleeding (excess blood in the skill pushing against brain tissue causing severe trauma), pregnancy related complications, neurotrophic virus (viruses that are capable of entering nervous system and infecting brain tissue, brain trauma and various other infectious agents (Levitt, 2011, p. 3). It has been suggested that the neuronal descending pathway from the brain, rubrospinal tract (RST) which normally mediated voluntary movement control, imperfectly overcompensates when the corticospinal tract (CST), which is the primary motor descending pathway, is damaged or injured (Cahill-Rowley & Rose, 2013). It is often possible that the cause is not certain, and in most cases knowing the cause and history of the individual with cerebral palsy may not be helpful for the physician or the
Premature Birth and Low Birth Weight For families that dealing with taking care of premature birth and low birth weight baby are very challenging situation. Parents should be given more education and information regarding the care of the baby and some expectation along this journey. A premature birth occur when the baby is born more than 3 weeks before its due date (Mayo Clinic, 2014). A baby who is born weighing less than 5lbs., 8 ounces, he or she is considered to have a low birth weight (Kulich, 2015). Some concerns of parents or families are the health and development of a preterm and low birth weight baby.
This translates to a rate of 2.25 children per 100,000 children in the general population and an average of nearly five children dying every day from abuse or neglect”. (www.childwarefare.gov) Human Rights Watch shares that “the real risks that children face are quite different: government statistics indicate that most sexual abuse of children are committed by family members or trusted authority figures, and by someone who has not previously been convicted of a sex offense.”(www.hrw.org) Consequently, when evaluating the evidence that is present it is safe to say, that despite all of the efforts that are put forth every day to protect our youth, some people still have the potential to prey on those whom cannot defend themselves. The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 has afforded the public with ammunition to fire back at those who prey on the vulnerable. Therefore, the foundation has been laid, for the public to build upon and grow with the knowledge that we are able to obtain to keep our children safe. Furthermore, we cannot solely rely on law enforcement, and others to keep our children safe we have to be proactive within the