Second genuineness is to share open honest communication and be vulnerable to the client, so the client can do the same. Thirdly the counselor expresses empathetic understanding, so the client can mirror and reflect their feelings and thoughts in the sessions. Experience is the major factor that make the client become strong, stern and except to life’s challenges. Often decisions are difficult to make in experiences.
This condition helps people get the most out of their counselling session and in turn this helps them reach their full potential as they feel valued as the counsellor accepts them for who they are. Congruence is also known as genuineness and according to Rogers “it is the most important attribute in counselling due to the way that it underpins the experiencing of unconditional positive regard and empathy”. Seligman (2006) states that if a counsellor’s body language does not reflect what they are saying, clients will pick up on this and it will reflective on the counsellor client relationship as trust could be lost. Congruence means the counsellor needs to be real and
The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client The therapist accepts the person as they are, puts no condition on valuing them, separates the behaviour from the person. When they know they are not being judged, it allows the client to think perhaps they do not have to judge themselves (Rogers, 1975?) 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s frame of reference and communicates this experience to the client When the client is empathically heard, they get greater understanding of themselves. (Rogers, 1979) 6.
In A Lesson Before Dying Grant realizes that he needs to change his life in order to be happy with what he is doing. When he opens up to Jefferson he mentions how he, “could never be a hero. I teach, but I don’t like teaching.” and “you can do more than I can ever do. I have always done what they wanted me to do, teach reading, writing, and arithmetic. Nothing else-nothing about dignity, nothing about identity, nothing about loving and caring.” (Gaines 194).
Moreover, client’s perception of therapist’s flexibility is also important to ensure client’s satisfaction of the therapy (Reis et al., 2008). These findings reflect the characteristics of flexible therapeutic relationship to create good working alliance and suggest that rigid therapeutic relationship is not desired by clients. To further support this, Plexico, Manning, and DiLollo (2010) researched on effective and ineffective therapeutic relationship between therapists and clients with speech stuttering. The participants were asked to describe the experience with their therapists who effectively changed their stuttering and the experience with those who were unable to change their stuttering. Effective therapists were described as more competent because the therapists could show their understanding of the clients and willing to listen to the clients.
After a person reaches self-fulfillment, the next thing he needs to do is to help others to achieve self actualization. The main goal of this last stage is to share what you have learned and accomplished, so that you can touch other’s lives. Reaching your goals in life is the sweet fruit of your success, but helping other to reach their own goals is the sweetest fruit of you and other’s success. Although Maslow’s theory had received some negative feedbacks, it remains as a theory that a person can either follow or not. Most people say that Maslow’s assumption that “the lower needs must be satisfied before a person can achieve their potential and self-actualize, is not always the case.” (McLeod, 2016).
They also keep their personal issues away from clients. Effective psychotherapist form working alliances with a range of clients. These alliances are used to form therapeutic bonds and trust between the client and therapist during the initial stage. Effective psychotherapists also seek to improve themselves and their skills at all times (Wampold,
According to Rodgers it is the most important attribute for the therapist to have congruence as it is all about the therapist being genuine(Mcleod,2008). Mearns and Thorpe defined congruence as “the state of being of a counsellor when her out ward responses to the client consistently match the inner feelings and sensations which she has in relation to the client”(2007). In other words it develops a sense of trust between the client and therapist and allows the client to open up to the therapist because they feel safe in the envoinment they are in and they trust the therapist. Therapists and counsellors say that congruence is not a skill that one can simply have but really it is a way of being. A person-centred therapist will aim to be real and sincere in the session as this creates that sense of trust in the relationship and a positive flow of energy between the client and the
In individual therapy, free association occurs between a client and therapist. Client are allowed to say whatever that comes to their mind and as a therapist, he or she has to listen attentively without interrupting. As compared to group therapy, sessions conducted are among those with similar disorder whereas members are expected to be quick in participating without censorship. Anyone is allowed to say what comes in his or her mind during the group therapy. At most, it might create confusion in a group that is not helpful enough but in this method, it promotes members to be actively participation in the group process (Corey, 2015, p.
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,