The Influence Of Climate Change In Agriculture

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Agriculture is breeding and rearing of animals, plants, microbes such as fungi and algae for biofuels, food, herbs, drugs and other industrial products. Agriculture is a key aspect of human civilization right from the beginning of Indus Valley civilization to till date. Its development has been greatly affected by changing cultures, climates and technology developments. Agriculture sector are expected to produce food for 9.1 Billion people in 2050 and 10 Billion people by the end of century(Branca et al., 2011) .Modern sciences such as agriculture and industrial biotechnology, agronomy, plant breeding, horticulture and biochemicals like pesticides, insecticides etc are sharply increasing the yield of crop also simultaneously having adverse…show more content…
Increment in industrialization, urbanization, deforestation, farming methodology, change in land use pattern resulted in massive emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and fluorocarbons (FC) due to which rate of climate change is faster. Climate change includes changes in rainfall pattern, precipitation, concentration of toxic gases.These factors are likely to affect productivity and growth rate of crop and weeds. Change in concentration of toxic gases in atmosphere alters rainfall pattern and changes in temperature thus impacting on plant and animal productivity…show more content…
It is also an approach for reorienting and transforming conventional agriculture to support food security threatened by climate change. Climate change disrupts food sectors posing risks to food supply chain. (Climate Source Book FAO ,2013)
Recognition of each dimension is important in developing nations such as India where majority of the population is dependent on agriculture sector and economic growth is a priority. Poor farmers are suffering due to climate change because some processes under CSA such as mitigation involves additional costs. Identification of low emission strategies compared with conventional high costs technologies can help to develop efforts that generate mitigation benefits to source the climate
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