Risks to these systems are large even with a small increase in temperature. 3. Social- Sectors affected by Global warming include food security, water resources and human health. Impacts will be uneven within and across different countries. Climate change increases the risk of many negative impacts such as reduced crop productivity and urban flooding in coastal
Due to uneven and shortage of irrigation water causes lower crop yield in irrigated areas. The majority of the farmers are less interested in cultivating water-intensive crops such as rice and sugarcane that need more water due to extreme temperature with high evaporation. During the summer season, extreme temperature with strong evaporation has a direct impact on low crop production. Climate change cause of extra melting glaciers and annual rainfall that lead to flash floods with millions of people displaced and loss of billions of worth crop food. Natural disasters like droughts, floods, and storms are damage to standing crops, livelihood, and property.
Field vegetables will be affected because the crops may not be able to survive the high temperatures. Changing weather patterns means, growing seasons are changing, ecological niches are shifting, and rainfall is becoming more unpredictable and unreliable both in its timing and its volume. This will lead to greater uncertainty and heightened risks for farmers. The value of traditional agricultural knowledge such as when to plant a particular crop will diminish. With these impacts the production of agriculture goods will decrease.
Pollution is the leading cause of climate change; climate change is created by carbon monoxide emissions in which it gets trapped in the ozone layer and makes the Earth hotter. Naturally, climate changes effect nature, from melting glaciers to severe drought, and even rising sea levels. Most of the changes due to the environment are created from factory farming, which uses a lot of energy and produces greenhouse gases. The main reason climate change is a massive deal for animals is in their adaptations. If modifications to regions happen too quickly then some animals are not able to adapt to the latest changes, recently there was news that Florida had colder weather and that their native lizards were freezing to death, which was caused by climate changes.
In the case from ………….., it is pointed out that El Nino problem occurred heavily in south part of Thailand. It is affected to Thai plants and crops, also fruits. The volume of its production had declined due to the climate change. It has a high possibility to Thailand that EL NINO and LANINA natural disaster will occur more frequently. From a fertile rainy season and flood, the climate will change into a serious drought.
El Niño is a massive proof that global warming is present and is very much active in our world. It shows how it affects the livelihood of the people, especially farmers, which leads to the loss of our resources in the Philippines. Then this is followed by scarcity, which could be seen with how El Niño triggers a massive drought brought to farmlands, or how sometimes, during drought or major flooding, our demands can’t meet the available resources our country has. According to Rappler (2016), we cannot stop El Niño; however, we can do something about climate change, which is caused by global warming. Our country had been ranked as the 1st of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, based on the Global Climate Risk Index (2015).
Climate change is now acclaimed as one of the most arduous and complicated problem confronting the globe. The risk factors are very high and the impacts would raise considerably the developmental impediments of safeguarding livelihood security and poverty eradication in most Sub-Saharan African (SSA) nations in general (IPCC, 2014) and Northern Ghana in particular. Climate and ecological change has intensified potentially unexpected and permanent disruptions of life and livelihood-sustaining natural systems, leading to socio-cultural, economic and environmental disruptions (UNSCEB, 2008). Current climate change projections by climate experts indicate progressively severe negative impacts on many countries across the world (IPCC, 2014). However,
temperature will be increased up to 3 Celsius by 2040 and 5-6 Celsius at the end of this century (Siddiqui et al., 2012). Due to a higher temperature, Asia region can lose over 50 percent of its wheat production (Siddiqui et al., 2012). Furthermore, the agricultural sector of Pakistan is more vulnerable from climate change due to geographical area (Siddiqui et al., 2012). Generally, Pakistani economy depends on agriculture sector but unfortunately, this sector is facing very serious problems such as shortage of irrigation water and less rainfall due to unpredicted climate change (MENHAS, Umer, & Shabbir, 2016). Pakistan is ranked 12th on the list of those countries which are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change (Piracha, & Majeed, 2011).
Obviously it doesn’t seem well. There are some changes as climate changes, holes in the ozone layers, decreasing natural resources. Global warming is essential issue for all living creatures. Carbon dioxide was overloaded and this caused to global warming. Global warming has been changing climate.
The loss of biodiversity often reduces the productivity of ecosystems and weakens their ability to deal with natural disasters such as floods, droughts, and hurricanes, and with human- caused stresses, such as pollution and climate change. Today the ecological threat is greatest with continuing loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitats. The biodiversity is fast heading towards complete annihilation (IUCN 2000). Loss of habitats is the principal cause of the present high rate of global extinction and poses a severe threat to all ecosystems (UNEP-WCMC 1998). Keeping in view its tremendous value, efforts are being made to conserve biodiversity around the