Climate Change In Vietnam

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Our Earth is a green planet where life is nurtured, but now everything are changing in the bad tendency. What made our planet worse and worse? Every day, a large of toxic gas is emitted in the atmosphere and environment, forests are destroyed. All of these cause global climate change. Nowadays, we are living in a world with the change of environment such as the Earth warming, sea levels rise, drought, flood ... Climate change is considered as a danger of the world. Vietnam is one of most vulnerable countries by the effects of climate change. Climate change is likely to exacerbate existing threats to natural resources, agriculture, food security, infrastructure and health and pose a major threat to economic development and human health, and…show more content…
First, climate change is causing many health risks for people. Climate change is expected to worsen the already worrisome impacts of natural disasters on the population of Viet Nam, which are felt primarily by the poor and vulnerable, especially women, children, and the elderly. Four main sources of health impacts are extreme weather events causing injuries and deaths, water contamination, infectious diseases, food shortages, and mental health problems; droughts and heavy rainfall causing significant reductions in crop yields and productivity of subsistence agriculture; an increase in the number of very hot days in large cities, along with forest fires and dust storms adversely impacting air quality over broad areas and exacerbating the occurrence and intensity of health complications associated with high temperatures and respiratory diseases; and changes in temperature and rainfall patterns impacting not only the occurrence of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue, but also changing and possibly extending the geographical habitat of the vectors of such diseases. Indirect impacts of climate change to human health through the source of infection, increase the likelihood of outbreak and spread of diseases such as influenza A/H1N1, AH5N1, diarrhea, cholera,… Climate change is one of the causes for the appearance of the number of infectious disease in the…show more content…
Agriculture is the sector that has great influence on the economy of Vietnam. Vietnam's agriculture has played an important role especially in ensuring food security, creating jobs and income for the 70% of the population, is the determining factor for poverty reduction, contributing to country economic and political stability - the country's society. However, this sector is facing several problems by climate change and sea level rise. As FAO ( 2011) that Red River Delta and Mekong River Delta - granary of the country will be affected most severely by climate change. El Nino has made the Northern Province drought prolonged, in Southern and Highland, dry season come early and the rainy season comes later than 1 month and rainfall unevenly distributed across regions makes crops, livestock and grow poorly, more disease. Rising temperatures would increase the crop growth rate, and thereby shorten plants’ growth cycle. Due to rising sea levels, arable land across the country will be significantly reduced. Annual rice output may drop by several million tonnes. Millions of people living in low-lying areas would be forced to either elevate or abandon their homes, causing significant damage to the local and national economies. Besides, reductions in feed sources will affect livestock growth and reproduction. Global warming and the associated increase in extreme weather manifestations such as typhoons, floods, storm-induced
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