It has effected the global temperature, rainfall frequency and extraordinary weather events are likely, all which will impact agricultural production. The change in water cycle has led to intense droughts and extreme floods that can damage or destroy crops. Increase in global temperature causes longer growing seasons and less productivity of crops. Agricultural system is already struggling to respond to the changes and keep up with the rising demand for food. This all leads to food scarcity.
Droughts have many effects, on people, the economy, the environment, and even the occurrence of other types of weather. Droughts are very destructive in general and can lead to other possibly destructive weather, including wildfires, dust storms, and desertification. The effects of drought can make it hard to make money, cause health issues, and ruin the environment. Droughts can affect supply and demand. They cause the quality, quantity, and price of products to change rapidly.
1.0 OVERVIEW OF THE TOPIC The weather is changing. Adverse weather patterns are increasing around the world. Natural catastrophes and particularly severe weather events are increasing in frequency and severity all over the globe. Extreme rains, heat waves, cold snaps, blizzards, floods and droughts are just some of the many weather events that are impacting peoples’ life and company’s profitability. For many businesses a small deviation from normal weather patterns can adversely affect their financial performance.
Crops livestock and the water system are also affected. Higher temperatures and changing precipitation patterns will severely affect the production patterns of different crops. Agricultural productivity will also be affected due to increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. All these changes will increase the vulnerability of the landless and the poor. 4.
The present status of the socio-economic conflicts are at a very severe level. As a result of limited human rights, multiple issues have emerged between the government and citizens. Unfortunately, the violent trends have worsened over the years due to the high unemployment and spike of food prices. As a result, this affected rural and urban areas. The oppressive government, triggered protests to demand a change, which ultimately impacted the quality and quantity of food security.
Global Warming affects climate and climate change may mean that some places will experience more days with very heavy rain and other places may endure more severe, longer droughts. Warmer temperatures also mean higher evaporation rates and this results in thirstier plants and people, which then would increase demands for water. So, as we can see global warming has a very negative consequences on Ecology. Many habitats are destroyed, resources become scarce as well as the living conditions
Such loss of fertility ultimately results in changes in the ecological balances of the environment due to reduction in plant growth. Lastly, noise pollution can harm the mental wellbeing. The effects of industrial pollution are far reaching and liable to affect the environment for many years to come. Countries facing sudden and rapid increase of industrial pollution found it to be a serious problem which has to be prevented and brought under control
Because the shortage of irrigation water has a negative effect on agriculture, it causes of high food prices. The extreme weather and high temperature are the direct cause of low yields in agriculture due to rapidly changing climate conditions (Asif, 2013). Pakistan is at high risk of food shortage because climate change affects food productivity directly and indirectly. On the one hand, the rising temperature is directly effecting on agriculture food production and, on the other hand, the changing rainfall pattern and melting glaciers cause of floods or drought that is an indirect cause of food shortage in the country. The climate change cause of low agriculture productivity and natural calamities such as flood and drought could result in complete loss of available stored food.
The weather could be very bad and the climate keeps on changing. This could also cause an increase in food prices. Since it is known that water is the major input for growing and producing crops, there could be times where Indonesia suffers a drought (McKie and Stewart, 2008). An example is the drought that was caused by El Nino. This causes deaths to crops and there would be shortage of food (The Crop Site,
The majority of poor are unable to get food in terms of net food availability. The major cause of the food deficit is occurred due to an influence of climate that destroys the agriculture crops production by natural calamities such as floods and droughts (Arif, & Khalid, 2007). Furthermore, changing temperature and weather patterns cause of the emergence of new pests and diseases that affect animals, trees, and crops. This has direct effects on the quality and quantity of food production as well as the availability and prices of food. Extreme weather events have negative impacts on livelihood assets in both rural and urban areas and threaten of food security (Mallikarjuna, 2013).