What Are The Causes Of Climate Change

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This review of related literature focuses on how individuals have a significant impact in climate change. The review begins on what climate change is and how individuals perceive climate change. The review also talks about the effects, causes and solutions of climate change and the barriers of individual brought about change.

The World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin showed that the increase of atmospheric CO2 from 2012 to 2013 was 2.9 parts per million (ppm), the largest year-to-year increase in 30 years. Because of that growth, the average amount of CO2 in the atmosphere reached 396 ppm — just 9 ppm away from an average level some scientists believe could cause enough sea level rise, drought, and severe
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One of the general causes of climate change is the rising of Green House Gases (GHG) from human activities (Atkin, 2014). Some say that the human population is the cause of climate change. But Satterwaite (2009) said “Population growth doesn’t contribute to GHG emission.” , as an example he has given, a country like India has low GHG emission even though it has a big population unlike Japan which has high GHG emission given it has a small population. The researcher cannot say that population growth is a contributor to climate change. As long as individuals in that big population do not perform activities that will produce GHG, population is not a factor.
From the example, the researcher can say that urbanization is a driver of climate change given that Japan is a more urbanized country than India, but it cannot be concluded directly as a fact. On the contrary; another example Satterwaite (2009) has given was Trinidad and Tobago, the two places appears to be very un-urbanized, but it has a high GHG emissions. It was found out that urbanization is not a driver of climate change (Satterwaite,
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Individual change has also some hindrance. Individuals differ in beliefs and some of their beliefs misguide them. These misconceptions that individuals think will lead them to disregard the importance of changing ones behaviour.
Some individuals know that they are a part of the solution in fighting climate change, but they are clueless on how to take part fighting in it, as what Corner (2009) have said “individuals know that changing their ways is a solution, but they don’t know how to do it or how to start changing.” Individuals are ignorant on the actions to be taken to stop or even to lessen the abrupt change in the environment that brings harm to humanity.
Another misconception of individuals is that they tend to think that their actions are useless, and that their simple act of conservation has no use. Once again they are misguided, what they are thinking is not true, because as Swim et al. (2009) have stated “repeated actions or behaviours done by individuals can help diminish the effects of climate

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