Clinical Psychology: Cognitive Therapy

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Background
Among today’s clinical psychologists, cognitive therapy is more broadly supported than any other single-school approach. It can be described as an approach to psychotherapy emphasizing illogical thought as the foundation of psychopathology, and logical thought as the foundation of mental wellness (Pomerantz, 2013). Cognitive therapy is based on the cognitive model which states that people’s perceptions of, thoughts about, or situations influence their emotional, behavioral, and sometimes physiological reactions (Beck, 1964). The idea of cognitive therapy can be traced back to ancient Greece from Stoic philosophers. During the first century B.C.E., Epictetus is believed to have said that “people are disturbed not by things, but the
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Under this psychotherapy, it is believed that illogical thinking causes psychological problems, while logical thinking causes psychological wellness. For example, if you are having a stressful day you could interpret a comment from a friend incorrectly which could cause you to lash out at that person and damage your relationship. On the other hand, if you are practicing logical thinking you could distance yourself from the situation until you are in a better state of mind to ask your friend what they meant by that comment. The differences between these situations is our cognition. The first scenario follows the two-step model where first something happens and secondly our mood is directly influenced. Cognitive therapists strive to implement the three-step model into their clients lives. The second scenario follows that model more closely where first something happens, secondly you interpret the event that has occurred, and lastly your interpretation influences your mood. This model shows that it is not the situation that determines how people feel but how they interpret those events that shape our feelings (Beck, 1995). Consider two people who are riding the same metro while it is stuck in traffic. One of them is a college student, who has an exam later in the day while the other person is in a rush to get to work for a meeting. The college student has time to get to their exam and is…show more content…
Previous research has shown that cognitive therapy is very beneficial in overcoming disorders and preventing relapse. (Hollon et al., 2005). There are many strengths to this type of therapy such that it is goal-orientated, time-sensitve, educational, and collaborative. These strengths and the efficacy of this therapy show that it is likely to continue to grow exponentially as more research and discoveries display that it is beneficial for both therapists and clients
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