Clinical Supervision In Nursing Education

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(Koivu el al. (2012).consider clinical supervision an intervention aimed to reducing job stress and preventing burnout as well as it is a stimulating innovative practice development which may enhance work performance, motivation and job satisfaction
Berg et al. (1994) investigated burnout among nurses on two wards during one year of systematic clinical supervision in Sweden. Clinical supervision was combined with the implementation of individualized care for nurses working with severely demented patients and compared with a similar control ward. Data were collected prior to intervention, at six and12 months. Burnout data were collected using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The degree of burnout experienced by nurses in receipt of clinical
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Their main aim from this study was to develop and validate a quantitative instrument to effectively evaluate clinical supervision from the supervisee’s perspective (Winstanley2001). This measure became known as the Manchester Clinical Supervision Scale (MCSS) and has since been recommended for use in evaluations of the effectiveness of clinical supervision systems (Department of Health 2000).
Winstanley and colleagues (2001) undertook an investigation of the relationship between clinical supervision and burnout. It was speculated that higher scores on the MCSS would be associated with lower levels of burnout. To test this, MCSS and MBI were used. The findings showed some associations between the subscale scores on the new scale and levels of burnout for both groups of nurses. For example, ‘finding time was negatively correlated with emotional exhaustion and depersonalization subs cores on the MBI for both groups (Winstanley
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In addition, the finding also shows that the nurses how attended the clinical supervision was at advantage regarding their work related well-being. In (2012) Koivu et al conduct another study to explore the effect of clinical supervision on the development of medical-surgical nurse's well-being over four years, they found positive changes among the nurses how attended effective clinical supervision and the other group all changes were negative, the study also provide evidence of positive effect of clinical supervision on nurses well-being, professional autonomy and self-efficacy increased. Linda et al in (2012) assessed the effectiveness of clinical supervision for ward managers, in the result the word managers felt they have better communication, more reflective in their practice and their problem solving skills were improved. In addition, 60% of them felt that clinical supervision motivate them, 57% they were more confidant, 35% gain support, and 20% stress

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