Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014). Antibiotics change the number of bacteria found in the body, in this case the gut, and in result to the lowered number the bacterium has a higher chance of survival and production of …show more content…
It is also possible to have c. diff dormant in the intestines, but with no symptoms or actual sickness. Furthermore, the bacterium can still be spread to others, leading to the development of symptoms usually within 5-10 days (Mayo Clinic, 2016). Its symptoms include but are not limited to, watery diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain and abdominal cramping. Using Nightingale’s theory, the prevalence of c. diff in the hospital can be improved by more rigorous personal cleanliness practices, ensuring proper knowledge on the bacterium and proper practices of room etiquette.
C. diff commonly occurs in the healthcare environment through unsafe cleanliness practices. Spores that are passed in the feces can easily spread to food and other objects if a person fails to follow proper hand washing protocol. If a surface is not cleaned properly, the spore may be present in the room for up to
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Running head: Kevin Holland Kevin Holland Clostridium difficile is becoming a major problem inside of hospitals. There are many reasons as to why the bacteria is becoming a top priority while treating patients mainly inside of the hospital setting. Hospital-induced infections, lack of a proper diet, and even when people do not perform proper hygiene is causing this bacteria that is considered normal biota, to flourish and cause gastrointestinal distress. Bacteria have spent millions of years growing and their whole goal is to keep doing that.
The infectious disease can remain in the air, on the surface, and objects for several hours after an affected person leave the room. Haelle mention Mark Schleiss, he is a director of Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the University of Minnesota Medical School,
Clostridium Difficile Infection Clostridium difficile (C. difficile or C. diff) infection is a condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon). This condition can result in damage to the lining of your colon and may lead to colitis. This condition can be passed from person to person (contagious). CAUSES C. diff is a bacterium normally found in the colon. This condition is caused when the balance of C. diff is changed and there is an overgrowth of C. diff.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria reformat themselves in order to become unaffected by the drugs or substances created to terminate them (About Antimicrobial Resistance). They gain resistance to the drugs which causes the drugs to be ineffective of use and leads to more harm. Antibiotic resistance commonly occurs within patients because of physicians misusing or overusing antibiotics. This creates a common resistance to patients and resulting in the constant creation for new antibiotics that would treat the bacteria (Antibiotic Resistance). The main conflict generally evolves from medical stewardship where physicians have the responsibility to optimally heal their patients to their best efforts (Medical Ethics and the Stewardship
Researchers used nursing theories to help guide research on complicated phenomena(Connelly, 2014). After reviewing evidences collected on the topic "Antibiotic therapy and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)", the most common theories that have been cited are, exposure to antibiotic, especiallyin patients that have been previously diagnosed with bacterial infections(respiratory, urinary and osteoarticular infections) are significanly at risk for acquiring CDI and theory for prevention cited was implementation of an Antibiotic stewardship program. Inaddition,hand hygiene, contact precaution and environmental cleaning protocols where other interventions listed. Concept Definitions Exposure to antibiotic- is operationally defined as the last time within 30 days a hospitalized patients received antibiotic therapy before the current hospital
Monday as all past weeks has been one day a little hard for me as I am always nervous and I feel like I will not know how to act if an emergency situation arises. I was not able to sleep all night thinking about what I was going to find next day on the third floor. Today was a very exhausting day. Filled with many challenges and new things for me. It was the first time that I was with someone who had caution precaution because of C diff or Clostridium difficile infection and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection.
In all areas of healthcare, particularly in acute care settings, patients may be unable to care for their nutritional and/or hygienic needs properly. One area that is especially important to address is the perineal care of patients who are incapacitated, or otherwise unable to care for their hygienic needs independently. Normal bacterial flora can develop into an opportunistic infection if the bacteria reaches certain areas of the body. For example, a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) is due to Escherichia coli from the colon coming into contact with the urethra (Copstead & Banasik, 2013). If the patient is immunocompromised, elderly, sedentary, or otherwise compromised in their abilities to void, this can predispose the patient
With attention to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, Crohn’s disease is one of the many common cases. Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disorder that both men and woman are equally susceptible too. This disease is often confused with other gastrointestinal disorders with similar symptoms. With this disease being a part of the GI tract, there are many signs that can lead up to Crohn’s. An individual with Crohn’s disease could have been obtained through genetics or the environment, which could lead to many other complications that can affect the entire digestive tract.
Department of Health and Human Services established an objective for Healthy People 2020 to prevent HCAIs, this reflects that the U.S. health care system is committed to and serious about solving this issue. These objectives address two extremely important topics, central line-associated bloodstream infections, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Also, there are other major causes of HCAIs that Health and Human Services is working on their prevention such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) associated with catheters, infections of surgical wounds and sites, C. difficile infections, and ventilator-associated Pneumonia. Researches done on HCAIs shown that we can prevent many of these infections by implementing effective strategies to eradicate it, adapting some advanced prevention tools, and following new prevention approaches. There should be a more focus on HCAIs prevention in acute care settings.
Clostridium difficile infection and transmission prevention continues to represent а difficult and serious challenge in patient safety and infection prevention. A single inpatient Clostridium difficile infection costs more than $35,000 in average and the estimated yearly cost burden for the health care system is more than $3 billion (MedPage Today, 2012). The epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection is continue to change, and its presence in the community and the healthcare settings has caused healthcare personnel continue to re-evaluate approaches and perspectives. There are many risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection such as an exposure to antibiotics, advanced age, and hospitalization.
There are numerous ways from avoiding being infected by E. coli bacteria. The basis is to know how it is spread. Studies show that E. coli infections are food-borne. Having the organism live in the lower digestive tract makes the possible transmission between animals and humans. It happens when there is direct contact with animal infected by the bacteria or through consumption of contaminated products during food processing.
When my room is in good sanitary condition, my students spread less bacteria around the room. I keep the room sanitized and healthy by making sure i wash my hands as i enter the room, and all those entering the classroom. By washing our hands upon entering, we are lessening the probabilities of bringing outside germs into the classroom. We also make sure that when our friends sneeze, they get a tissue then immediately wash their hands to keep them crispy clean. Upon entering children wash their hands and before and after each meal.
Title of the proposal: Chronic diarrhea in the outpatient department: evaluation of demographic and clinical characteristics. Background: Chronic diarrhoea in adult is a common gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by various degrees of abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Most patients have long-standing symptoms . It is defined as the abnormal passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day for more than four weeks . This definition based on symptoms led to an overlap between functional bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome  and organic causes.
The main reasons for developing a HCAI are poor hand hygiene by healthcare staff, medical device related infections such as intravenous lines and urinary catheters and the overuse or improper use antimicrobials. Hand hygiene is the cornerstone measure to prevent healthcare associated infection (HCAI) and it has been shown that MRSA is primarily transmitted from patient to patient via the hands of healthcare professionals (Donskey, 2009). Although hand hygiene is the simplest, most effective and most cost effective way to prevent the spread of HCAIs (Pratt et al. 2007) (Kilpatrick et al. 2013), adherence to hand hygiene among health care professionals remains low worldwide (WHO, 2009).