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Irritable bowel syndrome Author(s): Alexander C Ford and Nicholas J Talley Source: BMJ: British Medical Journal, Vol. 345, No. 7873 (8 September 2012). Irritable Bowel Syndrome from New Harvard Guide to Women's Health. The epidemiology of irritable bowel syndrome by Caroline Canavan, Joe West, and Timothy Card.
As seen in the case study above prevention should always be the focus in managing pressure ulcers, and should be commenced upon initial assessment, ensuring a complete medical and nursing history is taken, followed by a skin examination and completion of risk assessments. The Francis report (2010) investigated the inadequate care in an acute hospital, within his report he made recommendations on the importance of the fundamental aspects of care, including pressure ulcer prevention as a key element of maintaining patient safety (Francis, 2010). The ‘Stop the Pressure’ campaign was originally launched in Midlands and East region in 2011 to raise awareness of the risk factors and early warning signs of pressure ulcers with amongst healthcare professionals. It aimed to use an engagement programme, a SKIN care bundle for patient facing clinical staff, a pressure ulcer collaborative and a communications campaign. Research in the Midlands and East Region showed that 47% of pressure ulcers were occurring in non-acute setting, so community led
Available literature suggests that alterations in normal microbial community of several organ systems can further influence HIV transmission, progression and the potential for a vaccine or cure. Despite effective viral suppression with antiretroviral therapy (ART), individuals with HIV continue to have excess non-AIDS morbidity and mortality. Much work has gone into elucidating the mechanisms by which intestinal microbiota augment or disrupt intestinal barrier function, immune response to antigen and systemic immune