In total, over 600,000 soldiers lost their lives in battle and to disease. While many soldiers anticipated the honorable death of dying on the field, there were twice as many soldiers that died from disease in the camp as that that died in battle. During the 19th century, medicine was relatively primative, and the lack of the germ theory or knowledge of antiseptic resulted in rapid disease spreading. Lack of general resources such as adequate clothes, nutrition, clean water, and santitary stations also contributed to the spread of common diseases like measles, typhoid fever, and malaria. Most commonly, soldiers suffered from diarheia and disentary, which combined with lack of clean water resulted in many cruel deaths.
Chapter nine commences by telling its readers about how Lee Harding was diagnosed with E coli 0157:H7. After eating some tacos at a Mexican restaurant, he started to have excruciating stomach pains and diarrhea. Harding’s stomach was hurting because of some frozen hamburgers he ate a couple of days ago. Those same hamburgers provided by Hudson Foods were infected with E. coli 0157:H7. Millions of those same frozen hamburgers had already been sold and most likely eaten.
Hunting nightmare bacteria Answer the following questions Case of Addy (the girl from Arizona ) 1- Based on the pediatrician observations what was Addy’s diagnosis at the Pediatric Hospital intensive care unit ? She had got infected by staff or positive bacteria called Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA is a community associated bacteria that infects kids when they are playing in playing ground and getting scabs on their knee. They spread through that wound and it has very high resistance to antibiotics.
jejuni is known for giving people "food poisoning". The symptoms of sickness come from a poison that C. jejuni gives off. This bacteria is usually found in amimals like chickens which people eat a lot. That's why when people eat undercooked meat like that, they can develop "food poisoning" from ingesting the C. jejuni bacteria. The first treatment the doctors decided to try was antibiotics.
In Jay Hardy article, “Medical Wisdom Challenged by a Cocktail” analyzes the discovery of the real cause of gastric ulcers. Also, he talked about Marshall’s struggle trying to prove his theory in an outrageous way. Most scientists thought the cause of stomach ulcers before Warren and Marshall’s discovery were stress, excess acid, and eating spicy food. However, German scientists researched that a spiral-shaped bacterium inhabited that was lining of the human stomach, but they couldn’t culture the organism. So, the research on stomach ulcers were forgotten.
328-329). Unlike Reynolds, Armistead had the unfortunate experience of dying from an infection that had set in. As stated earlier, infectious wounds were a major cause of death in patients, even in those who had acquired non-fatal lacerations. The reasons behind infections and disease being a type of epidemic were the fact that army camps themselves were filthy and crowded, the hospitals nursing downed soldiers hardly any better. Hospitals were usually makeshift and always understaffed, and the use of antiseptic or sanitizing surgical tools were rare if at all, allowing germs to fester everywhere and anywhere.
According to Devine about 2,642 cases of gangrene were reported. During the Civil War the physicians believed that gangrene was caused by some strands of streptococci, after the war bacteria gangrene became known as ‘gas gangrene’ and soldiers needed to be isolated. Gangrene was contagious, they blamed this on poorly ventilated rooms and crowded hospitals. Bollet wrote that some “tents were well ventilated and few patients, thus decreasing the opportunity for erysipelas and hospital gangrene to spread.” Erysipelas was a skin infection similar to gangrene.
Clostridium difficile infection and transmission prevention continues to represent а difficult and serious challenge in patient safety and infection prevention. A single inpatient Clostridium difficile infection costs more than $35,000 in average and the estimated yearly cost burden for the health care system is more than $3 billion (MedPage Today, 2012). The epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection is continue to change, and its presence in the community and the healthcare settings has caused healthcare personnel continue to re-evaluate approaches and perspectives. There are many risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection such as an exposure to antibiotics, advanced age, and hospitalization.
Although, not all of these fatalities were from seized from enemy fire; nearly two-thirds of the total deaths were caused by diseases that struck those who were fighting. The idea that caused so many deaths was due to the spreading of germs. Surgeons would operate on open wounds and though many were to be treated, infections were persistent during the war and would slowly kill the soldiers whom it affected. Because of the death toll from the spreading of germs and infections, the Union states in the North began transporting wounded soldiers to nearby hospitals for medical care. Soon after officials realized the medical system needed to be revamped, the ambulance corps was put in place.
Unlike the previous disease, dysentery was uncontrollable and rampant aboard prison ships. In Chapters Seven, Eight, and Nine Reiss explores the effects of typhus, scabies, and malaria. Reiss notes that all three of these diseases affected the army while in camp or in hospitals. These diseases affect the army greatly especially scabies in Valley Forge, which if left untreated and allowed to become infected a simple itch can turn
They would use dirty instruments and would neglect to wash their hands between patients, which would cause the patients’ wounds to become infected. There were outbreaks of measles, malaria, small pox, pneumonia, and camp itch, which was spread by insects. In addition to bugs and doctors spreading disease, there was also the fact that garbage was everywhere around soldiers’ campsites, having been dumped just inside camp boundaries in an attempt at
Life for the Union Soldier was not only brutal on the battlefield, but the camp life for a Union soldier was just as cruel. With the lack of personal hygiene, unsavory and repugnant food, and the shortage of clothing made living, a very difficult thing to do. Growth in the number of people with diseases was also a contributing factor to the massive amounts of death within the camp and as well as the post-battle wounds that often left either a man with one less limb or put in a mental institution. A Union Soldier’s life during the Civil War was cruel and horrific during their stay at the camps.
The subject of my teaching project is a disease known as clostridium difficile or a disease more commonly known as c diff. The patient who was being taught, was a forty-three-year-old, white male, who had no previous exposure to clostridium difficile. When conducting the teaching, the patient had a couple of teaching points he needed to adopt into his care. When in the hospital, the patient should help with reminding healthcare workers and visitors about the importance of hand washing, and wearing gowns and gloves when in contact with said patient. If the patient was to be sent home, there were a few things to keep in mind.
MRSA can be found in the environment and the germ was also found in pigs.
Escherichia Coli 0157: H7 This paper will specialize on a specific type of bacterial foodborne illness caused by the bacteria Escherichia Coli. E. coli was discovered by Theodore von Escherich in 1885. E.coli is a natural found bacteria that lies throughout the intestinal tract of warm blooded animals and comes in many forms only one of which is deadly. This form is E. coli 0157:H7 which can be caused by direct exposure to fecal matter to kill this rouge