Tetanus can enter the body by; animal bites, skin burns, body piercing and tattoos done with unsterile tools, injection of drugs with contaminated needles, abrasion and laceration, and even circumcision. Once the bacterial spores have access into the body they multiply at an alarming rate, and deposit tetanospasmin throughout the body. If the lesion is deep the bacterial toxin can thrive better, even with no or little oxygen. Tetanospasmin is a neurotoxin that directly targets the nervous system.
In order to make sure to get into the animal’s gut it sticks to the grass where it lands. This is made possible by the calcium oxalate crystals that cover the sporangium. These crystals have a hydrophobic nature, which causes the sporangium to turn over onto the clingy part of dew, thus giving Pilobolus better chances to get eaten by an
Definition of Liver Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, after which the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis including chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases).
However, drug abusers and individuals who suffer from weakened immune systems make up a small percentage of the population, which is why B. subtilis is seen as a non-pathogenic bacteria. B. subtilis can be used as a biological control throughout many different commercial industries. B. subtilis has the ability to produce large amounts of antibacterial and antifungal metabolites that are utilized in the suppression of phytopathogenic microorganisms. Its ability to secrete its own proteins into the medium allows it to
Serratia: Serratia’s a group of gram (-negative), facultative anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. Serratia are most common and pathogenic of the species within the genus, S. marcescens, is often the sole infective agent and frequently causes health facility infections. S. marcescens is often found in showers, bathroom bowls, and around wetted tiles. The bacterium is associate timeserving, human infective agent, capitalizing on its ability to make integrated surface communities referred to as biofilms where it will. S. marcescens is assumed to be transmitted through close transmission.
When the infected contents spread out in your abdomen it infects the lining of it, called peritonitis. This can cause even more spreading of infection and is life threatening. It requires swift attention and may need the infectious gunk sucked out. Another condition that can occur if diverticulitis gets severe enough is fistula. A fistula is an opening on the large intestine and another surface that stick together and form a tunnel.
What are warts? Warts are non threatening skin problems believe to be caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). This virus infects our skin particularly in the neck, feet and other parts of the body. It grows rapidly and will contagiously affect your skin if not treated. The risk of infecting other people is highly possible if there is skin to skin contact with someone who has warts.
Primary infection occurs in epithelial cells leading to a skin rash and fever as a phenotype. When virions spread to adjacent sensory neurons, a lifelong infection is established (Owen, Crump, & Graham, 2015). Both primary and secondary diseases have a significant morbidity and mortality but thanks to advances in diagnostic and the production of vaccines, it is possible to decrease their burden (Gershon, 2013). 1.1 Varicella: Varicella (chickenpox), the primary infection of VZV, is characterized by cutaneous eruption typically seen in children. In adults, this primary infection is more severe and in immunocompromised patients, it can be followed by complications such as, high fever, pneumonia, encephalitis and hepatitis (Gershon et al., 2013).
Sputum contains a lot of bacteria, viruses, fungi and other pathogens. Respiratory infectious diseases, like influenza, tuberculosis, bronchitis, pneumonia, measles, pertussis, diphtheria and other pathogens, are spread through the sputum, very dangerous. Spitting there are many hazards, not only can cause health problems, in infectious disease multiple times, phlegm is a highly damaging route of transmission, inadvertently freely spit sputum are likely to have increased 10 people infected with the virus. First of all, spitting could lead to spread bacteria, into the air will harm to people. In our usual life, no spitting everywhere slogan, the reason is spitting is an extremely uncivilized unsanitary, spitting will make sputum bacteria spread easily, especially in public places, crowded place will make the spread of the virus.
Among the many types of cancers, lung cancer is one of the most common diseases that smoking can cause. Inhaling cigarette smoke that is full of cancer-cause substances like carcinogens, which includes tar, causes lung cancer. Tar is brown, syrupy substance that contains poisons according to ‘Drugs’. Those substances may change the tissue (Human body tissue is made up with groups of cells which have similar structure that are working along for the function in human body) in the lungs quickly and when cigarette smoke passes through the lungs, it leaves tar. Although, the body produces mucus to prevent the effects of tar, it can block the way of the air that goes into the body and out and lung.