Power in our society nowadays is very misgiven and abused. When people have power they tend to use it for their own benefit and to manipulate people into believing them. In the play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller dramatizes the Salem witch trials of 1692 in order to show his audience how easy it was to be accused and hung for witchcraft. In the Crucible a group of young girls were caught dancing in the woods and in order to not receive a punishment they lied saying they got witched. The girls blamed many people of the town of being witches and caused conflict all over the village.
It last theory is that the afflicted girls accused the victims because they wanted revenge, but it is unlikely for children to hold a grudge with so many people. Most of the accusers came from high families, “Was some of the witch hunting the result of that big fight between Reverend Parris and the members of his congregation who refused to pay his salary”(- Schanzer 113)? Could it be that the parents of the accusers were malicious and fervently wanted to purposely cause their enemies to be condemned to death. It is quite a possibility due to the fact that people were not as friendly with each other as they are today. “But in the trials, neighbors also testified against neighbors, bringing up grievances as a way of getting revenge”(-Spiritual Travels).
The reason the witch trials began in the first place was because of the lie she told about being in the woods. She didn’t want to tell the truth about what happened in the woods to the adults because she wanted to protect herself. She manipulated the young girls to lie and say they were only dancing, “And mark this. Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you”(Miller).
One of the many themes in The Crucible is mass hysteria. The witch trials are occurring because everyone in Salem is alarmed by the thought of Satan being among them. Miller uses mass hysteria in the book to show how simple it is to create disruption among a society. The theme is important because it “warns us of the dangers of reacting blindly because we are afraid of something” (enotes.com). When the judge asks Mary Warren to faint and she can’t, she says, “I heard the other girls screaming, and you, Your Honor, you seemed to believe them… but then the whole world cried spirits… I only thought I saw them but I did not.” Mary was alone the second time she went to court and that was why she could not faint.
This is an example of Dramatic Irony because the reader already knows that John has confessed to adultery, but Elizabeth doesn't so she lies in hopes of protecting his reputation. Elizabeth's attempt in maintaining John’s Power caused her and John to both have bad reputations, and resulted in John being out on death row. from this, more chaos in the community is created because of more deaths of significant characters, leaving the town to run with orphans and rotting from lack of order. In the text, Irony is used to really create a lot of the conflicts in the
Instead of getting punished the girls blamed one another just because the punishment would be really big since they did something that isn’t only against their religion but it is also a thing everyone seems to look at very wrong since it is something in a way to due with the death and the devil. The Puritans showed what they really are by their hard work and physical labor. Puritans were very against any sexual or things having to due with the devil just because they seen it like if it is something from the other world and that it would harm anyone around. Over all the things that happened with the dancing in the woods and Parris seeing the girls dancing in the forest like pagans the girls returned back from the woods and something mysterious happens, not only did the girls didn’t want to tell Parris about who was it, but Betty came back really sick from the
Danforth stated “Hang them high over town…” Hale tells Danforth that the other girls are lying about the witchcraft but Danforth didn’t listen to Hale that the accused is wrong Danforth began the hanging ( Also signed the warrant of 72 people). “The accuser is always holy” (Act Two) Proctor states that the accuser is right because they are holy, but the 72 innocent people are killed because all of them were misjudged for being or dealing with witchcraft. “I, Sir, am innocent to a witch. II know what a witch is”-Martha Corey “If you know not what a witch is , how do you know you are not one”-Judge Hawthorne Martha was trying to prove her innocence to Judge Hawthorne in the court but then Hawthorne flipped her word around and made her look more guilty than she already is. Mary Warren states “What'll we do?
Keeping women and young girls from the bulk of society and power made them seek power and rebellion. The girls of the Salem witch trials lie to the society as to not get in trouble. Abigail leads them all in their lies by telling Mercy, “...listen now;if they be questioning us, tell them we danced- I told him as much already...He knows Tituba conjured Ruth’s sisters to come out of the grave...” (Miller 174). Abigail is covering for herself and Mercy by telling everyone all they were doing was dancing in the forest and Tituba was responsible for the rest. By blaming Tituba they are not in trouble because they blame others of witchcraft and forcing them to do so.
Abigail and the other accusers blamed others in order to escape criticisms. Judge Danforth, to keep his power and pride, refused to recognize that those accused might not be guilty. Lastly, those who dishonestly confessed to being a witch did so to stay alive. These actions drove the town to panic, and made people scramble to place guilt on someone else as well. Clearly, Salem in the late 1600s was a dangerous place to be, with accusations of witchcraft being thrown around with desperation and
Through this inclination, dwarfs expose themselves to unwarranted harm, one that has not been calculated as a possibility due to the lack of practice. Dwarf tossing also causes emotional and psychological harms. Seeing as dwarfs are reduced to mere projectile objects, they are degraded further reducing their self-respect, and their self-worth at the expense of entertaining audience members. In addition, this harm could extend to other dwarfs who do not engage in dwarf tossing, but are seen as projectile objects because of the perpetuated stereotypes.