Clues Hint At 2 Brain's Memory Maps Analysis

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This paper is on the article “Clues Hint at 2 Brain’s Memory Maps” by Sandra Blakeslee. It was issued by the New York Times on February 15th, of 1985. This piece explores amnesia and the effects it had on different types of memory. It uses various empirical evidence such as small case studies and experiments. The article discusses an experiment. Two types of experiments are presented: some are on humans and others on rats. The textbook defines an experiment as a scientific method that is used to determine the effect one variable has on another variable. It is only through an experiment that the researcher can identify the causality. An independent variable (IV) is the variable that has the effect on the other variable in the experiment. This variable is manipulated by the experimenter. The variable that will be affected by the independent variable is called the dependent variable. This variable is how we measure the outcome. In a experiment, there are two groups: the experimental group and…show more content…
In fact, the most prominent difference between the article and the text is when we talk about short-term memory versus long-term memory. In the textbook, long-term memory is divided into declaration (explicit) memory, memory with conscious recall, and nondeclarative (implicit) memory, memory without conscious recall. As for the article, it divides short-term memory, not long-term memory, into declarative knowledge and procedural knowledge. Thus, we can see that not only their main subject is different and so is their division, even though they are meant to refer to the same thing. Although they might have some differences, they do agree on certain aspects such as anterograde and retrograde amnesia. They both refer to anterograde amnesia as the loss of memory that happened prior to the event and retrograde amnesia as the incapacity of forming new memories after the trauma or
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