Co2 Literature Review

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REVIEW ON CONVERSION OF CO2 INTO NEW VALUABLE FORM

R.W. GAIKWAD1- R. M. GHUGE2, Y. N. TANGADPALLE3

1 Prof., Department of chemical engineering, Pravara Rural Engineering College, Maharashtra, India
2Student, Department of chemical engineering, Pravara Rural Engineering College, Maharashtra, India
3 Student, Department of chemical engineering, Pravara Rural Engineering College, Maharashtra, India

ABSTRACT Nature utilizes CO2 to produce countless substances that are consumed by humans as well as animals. Many industrial procedures aim to accelerate the utilization of CO2. There are mainly three pathways for using CO2 and namely they are conversion of CO2 to fuel, utilization of CO2 as a feedstock for chemicals and non-conversion use of CO2. [1] The technologies to moderate CO2 emissions are essential for the chemical industry to become “greener”. An alternative to carbon capture is the use of CO2 as a feedstock in the production of valuable products such as methanol. [5]by using Electro reduction of carbon dioxide (ERC) which combines captured CO2 with water to produce high value materials.
Keywords: Carbon dioxide; Methanol; Electroreduction of carbon dioxide (ERC)
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1 Introduction-1
Carbon dioxide plays a key role in producing the greenhouse effect. It is
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Really, it seems fair to anticipate that, as carbon dioxide increases, environment composition itself will change (e.g., cheatgrass and fires). A number of studies have, in fact, established that both rice and wheat can show a positive response to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (Mandersheid and Weigel 1997; Horie, et al. 2000). Since 1960, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased from 315 to 378 ppm, a growth of approximately 20%.

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