Coaching Literature Review

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2. Literature Review 4283
The literature review undertaken for this research provides an analysis of research evidence relating to executive coaching by giving an introduction to coaching with a particular emphasis on executive coaching. It will explore the existing literature on this subject to identify what has been researched to date and where current research is lacking in order to ascertain what questions remain unanswered. This will ensure that this study will build on previous research and add to the knowledge. Based on the identified gaps in the research literature, a focus for the research is selected.
2.1 Literature Search Strategy
The approach to the search was twofold. In the first phase, relevant literature was sourced by searching
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Kampa-Kokesch & Anderson (2001) carried out a seminal review of coaching research and their findings underlined the shortage of empirical studies on the topic. Although research studies can be traced back to the early 1930’s they revealed limitations in the available literature which included inadequate sample sizes, claims not wholly supported by data and weaknesses in methodology. Such problems are not uncommon in newer studies (Passmore & Gibbes, 2007).
Fillery-Travis & Passmore (2010) suggest that if we take into account the progression of other disciplines we can achieve an understanding of the direction of growth for the extant scholarship on coaching. As a new field of study progresses, it goes through numerous stages before maturing and as a field begins to mature, it tends to focus on redefining what it is concerned with. The experiences of diverse practitioners help to build up a more comprehensive understanding of what is involved and to develop a common conceptual basis that enable a further maturing of the research undertaken in the
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2.3.1 Coaching versus Counselling
Whilst coaching shares with counselling or psychotherapy this goal of developing human potential, and may share similar relational processes with the client, they are not the same. Counselling or psychotherapy are umbrella term used to describe a variety of psychotherapies. Qualified practitioners work with people over a short or long span to help enhance their wellbeing. In contrast, coaching is general with a healthy client whose focus is on their future behaviour and performance (Kampa-Kokesch & Anderson, 2001).
Counselling and therapy seek to understand the past and what may have gone wrong. On the other hand, coaching is forward thinking and focuses on the present and the future. There are significant differences between these therapies and specific competencies and codes of practices are required for each one.
The aforementioned forms of interventions provide some form of assistance or competency improvement for the executive, however, they are distinct in their aims and outcomes in contrast to executive
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