Air pollution is destroying the environment and the human health. Pollution is when a new substance is introduced to the environment and has negative effects on it. Pollution is found in different forms which include: air, soil, water, radioactive, noise, heat/thermal and light. Air pollution is many times produced by the excessive burning of fuels such as cooking, driving and other industrial activities, which produce chemicals and other substances that pollute the air. Sulphur dioxide that makes air toxic is produced by the burning of coal in everyday normal activities that make the smoke produced by factories, cars and of burning wood.
It also displaces humans living in those regions. Also places where coal is mined is unsafe for habitation as the ground could cave in at any time. 3. Emission of harmful substances: Thermal plants like coal fired plants emit harmful substances such as mercury, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, mercury, selenium, and arsenic. These harmful substances not only cause acid rain but also are very harmful to humans as well.
Abstract-A forest fire is basically an uncontrollable fire which causes imbalance in the nature by affecting the flora and the fauna. Forest fire is a major environmental issue which creates economical and ecological damages and also endangers human lives. Climatic condition is the main factors for the occurrence of the forest fire. It can affect the forest vegetation and soil contents. The forest fire affects the soil in a very complex manner by damaging its soil’s organic matter, micro and macro nutrients and physical property of the soil.
In addition to the soil, humans and animals living around these landfill sites are greatly harmed. Household waste, industrial waste etc. contain residues of harmful toxic inorganic and organic chemicals. In these residues, radiation elements such as strontium, cadmium, uranium, ladders are found, which affect the vitality and fertility of the land. Fly ash is a major source of pollution surrounding the industrial area.
 2.5.2. Prevention of coal dust explosion Coal dust is very hazardous and can lead to high fatality in the mines. Measures must be in place to ensure that the problem of coal dust explosion is prevented. It does not only affect the workers, it also affects the production rates. The following precautions should be taken in every coal mine for prevention of coal dust explosion: • The suppression of coal dust at the places where it is created by watering down.
The burning of fossil fuels has many negative effects on the earth. Fossil fuels are formed from the remains of dead plants and animals (RelightNY). The combustion of fossil fuels releases a great amount of carbon dioxide into the air, daily. This contributes to global warming. The improper disposal of oil and garbage results in land, water, and air pollution.
Studies on the relationship between air pollution and reducing species diversity clearly show the detrimental effects of environmental contaminants on the extinction of animals and plants species. Air suspended toxicants may also cause reproductive effects in animals. Acid rain, temperature inversion, and global climate changes due to the emissions of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere are other major ecological impacts of air pollution. AIR POLLUTANTS AND THEIR TOXICITY Every material in the air which could affect human health or have a profound impact on the environment is defined as air pollutants. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), particle pollution, ground-level O3, CO, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead (Pb) are the six major air pollutants which harm human health and also the ecosystem.
Life on earth has been susceptible to many natural and man-made disasters which have ultimately affected the growth and development of animals on earth. Pollution deprives the earth of its natural resources such as, land, water, and air, all of which are essential to the well being of living organisms. Distinctly, pollution has a negative influence on air required for the survival of most creatures. Structures and inventions constructed by man, such as factories and cars, contribute to an increased concentration of harmful substances in the air. The burning of fossil fuels allows for toxic levels of smoke emissions to filter into the atmosphere.
A link between the two will also be established along the way to show how the two are interrelated. Poverty forces one to venture into more extensive agriculture by clearing marginal land for cultivation. This will expose the soil to destructive environmental forces. The vegetation cover is loosed and will lead to more rapid erosion of the top soil needed for cultivation. Also bush burning and charcoal burning and fetching of firewood for cooking leading to deforestation will cause a lot of damage to the environment.
The fires have pockmarked the coalfield and threaten main railroads and highways in many places. Acid mine drainage from coal workings and abandoned mines constitutes a serious problem. The effluents from coal washing plants area, the subsidence, which causes loss of agricultural land and damage to surface structures. The extent