Criticism also stems from the lack of archaeological evidence regarding any type of battle that may have ensued upon this conquest. Despite this lack of battlefield debris, Egami cites historical literary records of both Korea and Japan to support his claim that continental Koreans overran Japan. As told by Japanese records, Jimmu, the founding emperor, crossed the Inland Sea from Kyushu into Kansai, and during his voyage, he met a deity riding on a turtle. In parallel, the Korean myth of Puyo’s founder, Chumong, states that Chumong fled the ruling of an evil king by crossing waters on a turtle, and across these waters he found a new state (Kirkland
According to X, “The ballot or the bullet”... “Now in speaking like this, it doesn't mean that we're anti-white, but it does mean we're anti-exploitation,we're anti-degradation, we're anti-oppression. And if the white man doesn't want us to be anti-him, let him stop oppressing and exploiting and degrading us”(Malcolm #2). The essence of Malcolm’s argument is that he is not anti white, he is anti whites oppressing and disenfranchising African Americans and if the white person wants to not be hated, then he should stop hating himself. In a letter written in Mecca, Malcolm X says,“on this pilgrimage, what I have seen,and experienced, has forced me to re-arrange much of my thought-patterns previously held, and to toss aside some of my previous conclusions” (Malcolm X).
Tatum uses the conflict theory to look at racism, economic and social inequalities. The power structure of the white dominant society in the United States, does not often recognize white privilege, while others do not believe this is a privilege at all. They believe that the power structure in the United States is one that if you work hard, everyone will have the same opportunity for success. This is an example of how white privilege helps racism to continue to exist. The inability to recognize white privilege helps to creates perception and ideals that racism in our society is a thing of the past.
Tocqueville would not argue that different races were biologically different and hence their biological makeup determined their position in society, or that there was in fact an Aryan master race as Gobineau would have argued. He believed that social constructivism led to the positions of different races in the then acknowledged racial hierarchy, that in fact if an external race came to subdue the other, it is automatically deemed superior. His constructivism view on race however, does not rule him out as a racist. His sympathetic views on racism only exist to the extent to which he could claim that “The Indian is already superior to his barbarous parent, but he is still far below his white neighbor.” Despite the fact that he does not believe in an inherent biological reason that forms racial hierarchies, he is deterministic in ways as he suggests that social factors such as an “inequality of intelligence” between different races lead to the formation of socio-economic classes embedded in racial differences.
However, the use of systematic discriminatory practices throughout the institutions is equivalent of racism. The New Racism, in contrast to redemption, points to the notion that the White community is not to be blamed for inequality and does not seek redemption from the wrongs of racial injustice; it denies racial injustice as something of the past and therefore nonexistent. Where there is no acknowledgment, there can be no guilt or responsibility. In the book, Multicultural Psychology: Understanding our diverse communities, Mio, Barker, and Turnambing discuss “white privilege”.
This imperialist view can make racial feelings obvious about other races. In order to portray imperialism, Kipling would have to write about the idea that there are superior and inferior races. It does not mean that he is actually a racist, but he does write about racism. Dravot says: “These men aren’t niggers; they’re English! Look at their eyes— look at their mouths.
Race exists as long as we believe it exists, but really, it's just a classification system developed by people. It has no meaning or value apart from what we determine it to have. According to researchers there is no genetics for division of human ethnicity, in the sense that different groups inherit distinctive physical traits for example hair, eye, and skin color, race is a reality. Race can be used in prejudice discriminative way to create a barrier, built within people’s minds in society. Which leads one race being superior to another and of there being pure races, race is a myth.
Douglass list points of which admission of any would prove the argument: “If prejudice in nature, then there will always be an issues when to races are brought together […] if there is anywhere in the world where white and black don’t clash, then this will prove that prejudice is not natural […] If prejudice if race and color is natural, the ignorance then they to strive to place it away from human relations as a enemy to the peace, happiness […] if color is an offense, it is so, entirely apart from the manhood it envelope. There must be something in color of itself to kindle
No data could be shared about descendent connections or variation between continents; they solely wanted to point out the differences, the eugenics, between those in the African Burial Ground and the Euro-Americans. Blakey and Roche (1997) comment that members of the New York descendant community often identified this research troubling and that, “the methodologically constructed black identity by MFAT is dissociated from any particular culture and history, creating an identity that is culture-less, history-less and biologically shallow” (p.88 & 89). Therefore, why should someone’s relative be disturbed for the promotion of discrimination based on race? The research that MFAT was trying to publish was harming to the dead and the descendant communities.
Race has been and always will be a controversial topic. Sociologists argue that race is socially constructed. Race is not something that is determined biologically. Humans are humans weather they are of two different backgrounds or the same. "White" or "Black" are terms created by people in higher positions.
Just as gender is ambiguous, race is ambiguous. Race is not biological or physiological to where we can see the structure of the sexual reproduction organs and state “He of our society and our social values within these societies. Therefore, one can say that race is a folk taxonomy or social construct, because it is not based on scientific knowledge, just ones opinion that may be constructed on skin color or even religion depending on the societies traditions. Therefore, race varies culture to culture.
In the article, “What We Mean When We Say ‘Race Is a Social Construct’,” Ta-Nehisi Coates asserts that the idea of race is that “puts hundreds pf millions under domination” (Coates, p. 3). The definition of race is “the classification of humans into groups based on physical traits, ancestry, genetics or social relations, or the relations between them.” Liberals often say “truly stupid things like race has to biological element” (Coates, p. 6). William Z. Ripley wrote a story which desired to “delineate racial difference through head type” (Coates, p. 4). Coates states that “race does not need biology.
It is the aim of this research to investigate how race matters, biologically and/or socially to an individual or group. Its enhanced through critical engagement with an argumentative approach. Bringing these two perspectives from race together seems valid for a number of reasons. Biology and social constructivist approach on race, sharing priorities, including attention to context, ambiguity, relationships, interdependence, and a commitment to human fairness. Beginning with the biological term defined as a living process allied to genetic and other vital organisms or cell groups, in relationship with life.