This is almost the same high a powder cocaine user experiences, but bigger increments of dopamine are released. The addiction of crack comes from the brain because dopamine is a type of reward system for the brain that provides the brain with pleasure. The center for substance abuse research states, “After having tried Crack Cocaine, the user will rapidly develop an intense craving for the drug since the chemistry of the brain’s reward system has been altered” (Ceaser). The human body also becomes tolerant of this drug. In most cases in life this tolerance is a good thing, but when it comes to using drugs in order to get high it can be very deadly.
Severe medical complications can occur with cocaine use. Some of the most frequent are cardiovascular effects, including disturbances in heart rhythm and heart attacks; neurological effects, including headaches, seizures, strokes, and coma; and gastrointestinal complications, including abdominal pain and nausea. In rare instances, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or
What stimulant drug, speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the rest of the body? Did you guess cocaine? If so, yes you are right. (http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/cocaine) According to “The National Institution of Drug abuse” Cocaine is a very addicted drug and it is made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Also cocaine is known as a stimulant drug and it is a schedule II narcotic.
Drug abuse marks the life of a person negatively as slowly but surely, the body dies from the high consumption to the point the organs itself give up and the ignorance of the user—caused by the drug—towards others also creates a rift between him and his peers. Drug abuse is the beginning of one’s end. REFERENCES Gateway Foundation. (n.d.). Effects of drug abuse and addiction.
The reason people love the way cocaine feels is because of its feeling of euphoria the increase of energy levels and elevated mood of self esteem. In accordance to drugabuse.com short term side effects of using cocaine are, Paranoia, Dizziness, Muscle twitches, Dilated pupils, High body temperature, loss of sexual appetite. In addition the long term effects of cocaine include rectal functions from eating cocaine, could end up getting HIV from using the same needle again or with another person, Heart attacks, Constant nose bleeds, Strokes and even Seizures. Alternative names used among the streets are, Coke, Toot, Base, Powder, Candy, White, Flake, Basa, Rail, Snow, Bump, Yeyo and the list goes on. Transition: Now that you have learned about, Cocaine and its detrimental consequences, lets transition into something that will give you the muchines if you guessed Marijuana you are right!
Crack cocaine was the popular form of cocaine that showed an uproar in the 1980’s when it was discovered that mixing cocaine with simple household chemicals like baking soda and water resulted in a solid lump of smokable crack. The difference between the base and the salt formulations of cocaine is seen in the onset and the intensity of effects. Orally consuming cocaine produces effects within 15 min, while intranasal use produces an effect within 3 to 5 minutes with a duration of action of 30 minutes. Intravenous route of cocaine, however will start having effects within 30 to 45 seconds after administration. Smoking the free base form of cocaine only takes only 7 to 10 seconds to produce an effect with a duration of actions of 15
Intro Cocaine is a highly addictive drug which uses can be traced backs as far as three thousand B.C.. Cocaine can be snorted , smoked or injected. All three ways leaving harmful effects on the human body. History of Controlled Substance The use of cocaine started with the ancient Incas three thousand years B.C.. The Incas started to chew coca leaves to increase their heart rate and control breathing because they lived in the mountains and the air was thin.
However cocaine was able to become a major epidemic for it was used by all sorts of people, it was not only used by the businessman who needed to keep alert, it was also used recreationally by kids and adults at parties to get a quick high. The epidemic formally started in 1984 when the number of people using the drug on a routine basis increased from 4.2 to 5.8 million. The numbers had been rising but this was the largest rise in numbers yet in the epidemic. Cocaine was able to create such a massive epidemic for the United states government had other things on their plate and they couldn’t worry about a growing epidemic. The government was much more focused on Russia and dealing with the communists.
The drug user continues to use substances and the compulsive behavior despite the harmful consequences, and tries to systematically avoid responsibility and reality, while he or she tends to isolate himself/herself from others because of guilt and pain (Angres, & Bettinardi-Angres, 2008). All these characteristics led to the conclusion that drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use. It is considered as a brain disease because drugs change the structure of the brain, and how it works. Every drug affects different systems of the brain. For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back.
“Causes and consequences of Drug addiction” Causes of drug addiction Causes of drug addiction include genetic, environmental and psychological factors. Multiple factors play a significant role in drug addiction. When we ignore the person who is taking drugs, rather than taking him or her for treatment; he/she becomes drug addicted. Lack of knowledge and awareness of consequences of drugs also leads a person to drug addiction. Following are the major causes of drug addiction: Family and environmental causes of drug addiction: Environmental causes are the attributes in a person’s surrounding that increase the chance of becoming addicts.