But over time Europeans began increasingly to colonise Africa, and they brought the cocoa tree with them. Cocoa was successfully planted in Sao Tome and Principe and then migrated as plantations spread throughout the African continent. And today West Africa collectively supplies two thirds of the world 's cocoa crop. Now,
It was the year 1850 when the British hit this gold mine. They changed and developed this country beyond measures. Before, the Nigerian society were just farming uncategorised local plants, but now, they are farming a diverse source of crops (“Nigeria: History”). This brings me
Although cocoa has its origins in South American tropical rainforest, by the end of the 19th century it had expanded to Africa, which by the mid-1920s had already become the primary cacao producer in the world. However a large amount of cacao production in West Africa, around 90 to 95 percent of cacao produced is cultivated by smallholders with farm sizes ranging from two to five hectares (ICCO, 2008). The majority of those small-scale farms are clustered in the southern region of West Africa. Thanks to the
Introduction of cocoa The Latin name for cocoa literally means, “Food of the gods.” This treasured crop played a significant role in many ancient South American cultures. The Mayans used cocoa to create beverage that was shared during marriage ceremonies, providing one of the first known associations between chocolate and romance. From German chocolate cake to Swiss cocoa, today, people around the world enjoy chocolate in many different forms be it beverages or desserts, consuming more than 3 million tons of cocoa beans annually. During the course of its evolution, one thing has remained constant, chocolate has never lacked an avid following of people who love the “food of the gods.” In total, more than 20 million people depend directly on cocoa for their livelihood. Once produced and processed into fermented dried merchantable cocoa, the beans are bought from farmers by one or more successive traders, transported then sold to grinders who make semi-manufactured products like liquor, butter, press cake, powder.
Cocoa Cocoa bean farms produces the chocolate in an equatorial weather which mostly located in West Africa, Asia, and Latin America. However, 70% of cocoa production is from Ghana in West Africa. They sell it to the most of chocolate companies in the world. (Article “Child Labor and Slavery in the Chocolate Industry”, n.d). consequently, the families in these countries depend on the cocoa producing as their main income source.
In past decade, Malaysia has large area that planting cocoa as one of important commodity. But, the numbers is decreasing due to decreasing cocoa price and out of the blue other crop price is rising. So, the government decides to replace area that plant cocoa with other commodities like oil palm and rubber. Due this phenomenon, the producing yield is decline as well as decreasing area of cocoa planting. Another factor that effecting the declining cocoa production Malaysia is pest and disease that attack cocoa tree.
Using Blockchain to Maximize Agricultural Profits in the Caribbean As stated by Allan Savory, “agriculture is not crop production as popular belief holds - it's the production of food and fiber from the world's land and waters. Without agriculture it is not possible to have a city, stock market, banks, university, church or army. Agriculture is the foundation of civilization and any stable economy”. This case is the same for all regions, which includes the Caribbean. Agriculture in the Caribbean islands, from the Bahamas to Trinidad, is concentrated in sugarcane, bananas, coffee, tobacco, and some citrus and cacao.
The exploitation of the resources of Africa, 'animal, vegetable and mineral', for the sole benefit of the colonial powers and their mercantile, mining and financial companies in the metropolitan countries were the primary motivation for colonialism as they had overtime had some level of influence in the continent. These Africa Countries were seen as a way out of the depression with the creation of more market and selling of their overproduced goods. They also needed larger amount of raw materials at a cheaper rate due to the progress of the Industrial Revolution so they invested their surplus capital in those places where they could get cheap labors and in turn make more profits in
So, Colombia started playing a central role in this industry by producing and distributing the marijuana: by the end of the decade Colombia produced more than 70 percent of the marijuana. Concerning the production and trade of cocaine, the Colombian cocaine market followed in the footsteps of the marijuana traffickers. Indeed, by the end of 1960s, a small cocaine smuggling network sprang up. At the beginning a small quantity of coca plantations were located in the Cordillera Occidental and in the San Jorge Valley in the department of Cauca. Smuggling was carried out largely by sea and by air through the Gulf of Mexico or The Pacific.
Generally, these beans can be used to manufacture cocoa butter, but if they are used to make other cocoa products, they require blending with fully fermented cocoas. If the fresh beans are dried without any fermentation, then the nib will be a grey color rather than the brown or purple-brown color of fermented dried cocoa beans. Chocolate made entirely from greyish, unfermented beans tastes very bitter and astringent with little apparent chocolate