Coca Farming In Nigeria Essay

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COCOA FARMING IN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTION/ A BRIEF HISTORY OF COCOA FARMING IN NIGERIA
Before the oil boom in Nigeria, there was cocoa, which we banked on as one of our major cash crops exports. Nigeria was then the biggest exporter of cocoa in Africa and ranked amongst the top exporters in the world. Then the oil came, and the agricultural sector was abandoned and poor agricultural management became rampant. Cocoa farming, along with other cash crop farming, took a back seat to the exploration of oil. We quickly lost our international market to countries such as Indonesia and Cote D’Ivoire.
Fondly called the wealth seed, discerning Nigerian farmers are now returning to the cultivation of cocoa on an industrial scale. However, cocoa production
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Cocoa is also used to manufacture cocoa liquor, jam and marmalade. Fresh cocoa pulp juice is often used in the production of soft drinks and alcohol.
The crushed shells or pod husks of cocoa beans can serve as organic fertiliser, as natural deterrents to weeds, and are used to minimise erosion.
When pelletised, the husk can also be used as animal feed, while potash from the husk can be used for soft soap manufacture.

WHY COCOA FARMING
Cocoa farming in Nigeria now presents one of the best investment opportunities to local investors in agribusiness, as it remains one of the fastest selling agricultural products in the international market. It makes simple business sense to get into a business where demand greatly surpasses supply, as it means that every product cultivated has a ready market.
Another reason for cocoa farming is because it is a perennial crop that can survive for many decades. Once planted and nurtured to maturity, farmers can harvest from a cocoa tree for many years. While initial cultivation can be a hassle, once mature, cocoa trees can be a source of income for the farmer for 40 years, give or take a few years.

STARTING A COCOA

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