With the help of laws that had punishments like loosing a hand or an eyeball, looking back into Babylonian society was made a lot easier. These laws were created by the king of the city-state Babylon around 1792 BCE, Hammurabi. His reasoning for enforcing the laws, known as Hammurabi’s code, was to protect the weak and those who could not help themselves (doc B). He created 282 laws, and carved them onto a stele, a pillar-like stone. The multiple steles, he created and placed around the kingdom, consisted of a carving of him with Shamash, the god of justice, a prologue, the written laws and an epilogue (doc A).
The Law Code of Hammurabi The law code of Hammurabi was a very severe and irrational law that dealt with illegal and public matters and basically contained the “eye or an eye” theory. The law code tells us a great deal about the Mesopotamian society in the time of Hammurabi. Characteristics include, social relations, property rights, and marriage. Social relations plays a big role in the law code of Hammurabi, there’s a different punishment for different ranks of people. The richer you are the less of a punishment you will receive.
The code is divided into three sections: historical prologue, which tells the story of Hammurabi and how he was ordained to be the protector of the oppressed, and his empire and successes; lyrical epilogue, which summarizes his legal works and how he intends to sustain it; and finally, the laws, which are framed by the previous two sections on the stele. These laws are written in the simplest of the Akkadian language so even the lesser men could understand them—however, some say that misinterpretations still occurred at that time despite this. I think Hammurabi was an innovative ruler, who not only sought to maintain a sense of order in his kingdom, but who wanted to establish a kingdom that would serve as a model for future kingdoms, by establishing these laws. This is incredibly important to us, because artifacts like the Stele of Hammurabi have, in some way or another, helped formed and shaped our society and the
For instance, my mom raised me and my sister all by herself without anyone standing by her side. In addition, the government should do something to show women that they are able to do everything because sometimes those things that women can do, men are not capable of doing it, such as raising children alone. Furthermore, women’s rights are about being female than being equal with men. In Kurdistan, the laws says that women can do whatever men can. However, sometimes women do more work than men, but men do not let women to take high position jobs.
Ultimately this shows how little Marjane’s father and everyone else thinks that people need to stay in their own social classes and shouldn 't try to leave them, no matter what. This tears apart the maid for she truly loved the boy, but was forced to end the relationship and Marjane sees this as very wrong, and wishes social classes didn’t affect people’s lives. However, Marjane’s young perspective doesn’t allow her to see the full picture of this. Social classes are a big part of the Iranian culture and they believe that people need to stay in them, Marjane can’t understand this and as a result she became so angry. Another theme in the book Persepolis that is talked about is religion.
Women are also stereotyped as stay at home mothers. There is an invisible restriction put on women by men that they can’t be a mother and have a full time job at the same time. Neil French, the WPP Group PLC executive stated women “Don’t make it to the top because they don’t deserve to” and that “women are rarities in the senior corporate positions because most are unwilling to make the personal sacrifices of time and energy required to be the boss” (Maich). The words spoken by this successful male go to show the inequality faced by women every day. Women have an even harder job balancing household obligations and a job.
This code denied women any legal rights and access to divorce, which meant that their husbands had control over them, confining them to a subordinate, domestic role. Before the French revolution, women played a domestic role and they were subject to limitations. The law was against them. They couldn’t vote, act in plays or get a job to generate their own income. Yet, the paintings that were produced during the time, depicted them as desirable, beautiful and
Algernon shows his "Importance" by saying of his manservant "Really, if the lower orders don 't set us a good example, what on earth is the use of them?". (14) He also paints a picture of what he thinks of romance and marriage by quotes such as "Girls never marry the men they flirt with." (16),but then contradicts his own statement by stating "The amount of women who flirt with their own husbands is perfectly scandelous. "Jack is seemingly respectablehowever he leads a double life which is found out by Algernon in the first scene. "Well my name is Ernest and town and Jack in the country..." (17).
Kate proceeds to explain how valuable a husband is and how much effort and dedication they offer to their wife and in return the wife is expected to be submissive and servant to her husband. Though this was a definite change of heart for this character, this example institutes the gender roles that Shakespeare has been depicting throughout the entire novel. The Renaissance Era had strict gender expectations, and this play made no exception to these gender norms, and Shakespeare furthers this notion through Kate’s behavior at the end. Kate is clearly ready to be a servant to her husband and allow him to be the dominant of the two of them. The relationship between men and women is decidedly harsh, and Shakespeare supports this throughout his
After she becomes Othello’s wife, Desdemona is no longer a dissenting character as “she does not question the woman’s obligation to obey” (Greenblatt 1980: 239), she becomes a passive and obedient woman towards her husband. Moreover, the way in which Othello calls her wife: “Come, my dear love,/ The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue” (Othello, Act 2, scene iii), reinforces the idea of women being possessions to their husbands. Finally, Desdemona’s sexuality is questioned by Othello’s internalized Protestantism, who condemns her supposed adulterous wife to
From previous knowledge about the society, men had more power than women did. King Hammurabi evidently felt that because of this, he needed to provide a way to protect women from overbearing males. As you read these laws, you come to a few that mention divorce. Apparently this was a huge problem in the Babylonian society, and King Hammurabi wanted to fix it. If a man already had children with a women, he was forbidden to leave her.
In one particular letter, Abigail, who was a feminist, wrote to John, "in the new Code of Laws… I desire you would Remember the ladies, and be more generous and favorable to them… Do not put such unlimited power in the hands of the Husbands." To which John responds, "as to your extraordinary Code of Laws, I cannot but laugh." In Abigail 's letter, she was pleading with her husband to give women not only voting rights, but other rights as well. Abigail 's appeal for women 's rights revealed that women in this society were powerless, and consequently Abigail had to implore John. Moreover, John said he could not but laugh, which portrayed Abigail 's idea as outlandish.
Brent describes this love-dream having been her support through many trials, and was dreadfully fearful that this pleasure of her own making would fade. And just as any pleasure of a slave faded, so did this love. Having learned of Linda 's desire to be wedded to this free negro, Dr. Flint stomped out the flames of Love and Hope. If she were to marry, she “must take up with one of (his) slaves(448).” This was the stern reply Linda recieved from her master, whose obsessive nature would not let him do without her. When the subject of “love” is explicitly brough up through an honest answer of Linda 's, Dr. Flint unable to control his outrage at the truth exclaims, “how dare you tell me so,” as if his own heart was bleeding(448).