In addition to broadening the production and export bases of the country, large-scale investments of foreign companies in the agricultural and manufacturing sector have also expanded employment opportunities for locals. In this regard, Chinese investment in Ethiopia has had a notable impact. Chinese companies that have mainly been engaged in textile and garment, shoe and leather industries have already created many jobs. The globalizing world is characterized by the greatest movement of people. International tourism has the potential
Introduction Ethiopia is the origin of Arabica coffee and the 5th largest coffee producing country in the world (ICO, 2013). Coffee is Ethiopia’s most important export crop contributing 24 % of the country’s foreign currency income (Minten et al., 2014). An estimated 30% of Ethiopia’s coffee production originates from forest coffee cultivation systems, contributing about 10 to 20% of the country’s total export earnings. Coffee has the advantage that it originates from an organic and shaded production area – a quality increasingly important for coffee drinkers worldwide. The montane rainforests in Southern Ethiopia are the only place in the world where coffee still grows wild in its natural habitat.
Introduction Ethiopia is a home for many livestock species and suitable for livestock production. Ethiopia is believed to have the largest livestock population in Africa (CSA 2013; Solomon et al. 2003; Tilahun and Schmidt 2012). An estimate indicates that the country is a home for about 54 million cattle, 25.5 million sheep and 24.06 million goats. The livestock subsector has an enormous contribution to Ethiopia’s national economy and livelihoods of many Ethiopians, and still promising to rally round the economic development of the country.
Although food aid is a standard response to transitory food insecurity (e.g. drought emergencies), in Ethiopia it has become an institutionalised response to chronic food insecurity as well. Annual food aid deliveries to Ethiopia since 1980 have varied from 200,000 to 1,200,000 metric tons. The number of ‘needy’ Ethiopians between 1980 and 1995 ranged from 2.5 million (1987) to 7.85 million (1992), and in the current drought emergency it stands at 7.7 million. Food aid deliveries to Ethiopia averaged 11% of national cereals production - or 12kg per capita - between 1985 and 1995, peaking at 26% in famine years (Clay et al.
(Šerý, 2013) The latest data from 2013 points the most important sector as agriculture accounting 45 % of gross domestic product (GDP) and the rate of employment is 80 %. Despite rapid GDP growth, Ethiopia is still a low-income country where in 2011 lived around 30 % of the population under the poverty line. Too UNDP Report is 25 million people trapped in poverty in Ethiopia and on 174th place belongs to countries with low human development index.
In the past the ESE used to produce most of the newly improved varieties on its own farms, as well as on state farms, with large private farms playing only a minor role in production of new varieties. Despite the presence of several seed companies, the agricultural input sector in Ethiopia is currently not able to satisfy the demand for improved seed in the country. Results of Christine (2015) also showed that the formal Ethiopian seed system is largely controlled by the government and public organizations. Additionally, the research result of Dawit, Frans Verhees, Hans and van Trijp (2017) revealed that the seed sector in Ethiopia consists of three seed systems: formal, informal, and intermediary seed systems. Each seed system has a specific contribution to the delivery of seed to farmers, but they vary in their approach and respective
Agriculture leads the economies of developing countries like Ethiopia and it is the fastest growing agricultural sector in the countries (3.77% for livestock vs. 2.71% for crops in last decade (Röös et al., 2016). By the year 2005 consumers in developing countries were consumed 87% more meat and 75% more milk making livestock production the largest share of the value of global agricultural output (Kong and Fao, 2005). Livestock in the country is important and integral component of agriculture and the back bone of the economy. Ethiopia 's livestock population, the largest in Africa, has considerable contribution to the national economy and the livelihood of the people (Mithal et al., 2013) . Livestock production in Ethiopia contributes up to 80% of the farmers ' income.
In Ethiopia everyone eats together we shared one big plate for 10 people. After we finished lunch we go outside on the backyard and my mom makes traditional coffee. Around dinner time my family’s and I went to my grandparents house and we spent the night together and watched special TV
Unlike functional organizations, projectized organizations like most construction industries in Nigeria require method statements, procedures and set skills. Strategies like improving efficiency, increasing working hours and upgrading performance requirements to a higher position on the learning curve might not work because of the nature of the industry. Because employee training, overtime and bonus compensation costs are more inflationary than the cost of equipment or facilities, construction executives are funding more and more capital equipment projects in an attempt to increase or improve productivity with equipments without increasing
According to Mark Gottfredson (2005) in Strategic Sourcing: From Periphery to the Core, there are many companies have transformed its businesses through means of globalization and technologies, which eventually increase their competitiveness level in the industry. Saudi Aramco shall focus on its core strategic capabilities, which differentiate its uniqueness and empower it to stand out from the crowd. Through the transformation, Saudi Aramco is in need to elevate its sourcing strategy that will support its ability to control and make the most of its critical