Vygotsky suggested that the child learns language in social interaction and then thinks in terms of that language. However, Vygotsky emphasized the importance of both history and context in the meaning each unit (word) of that language has in the thinking of the individual. Language plays an important role in a child’s development (Gredler, 2009). According to Vygotsky, children use speech not only for social communication, but also to help them solve tasks. Vygotsky (1962) further argued that young children use language to plan, guide, and monitor their behavior.
Many theorists discuss ways in which children are developing. Physically, emotionally, socially and language progressions. Within the early childhood sector, the study of children's development is vividly important as teachers learn to observe the children's individual learning patterns and habits. The practical knowledge of how to develop a child further will assist in utilising the children's skills and holistic development to their fullest potential, however, knowing how to practically aid children in the separate developmental domains is also key as individual kids need more help in some areas than others.
The nature of children 's language development and stages of language development is very important. A child 's language skills will go hand in hand with the development of physical, mental, intellectual, and social. Therefore the child 's language development is characterized by a continuum that moves from the sounds or simple utterance to the more complex speech. According to Tarigan (1998) there are two basic rules that allow a child can acquire language skills, that are potential biological factors which are owned by the child, as well as social support
Although emotional development in children is extremely important it can be harder to detect changes than other areas of child development. Emotional development is also about learning how to control and express emotions, such as when
The main theorist associated with interactionist theory is Lev Vygotsky. Interactionists focus on Vygotsky 's model of collaborative learning ( Shaffer,et al.,2002). Collaborative learning is the idea that conversations with older people can help children both cognitively and linguistically (
Toddlers will be able to sign instead (aidenofthetower, 2016). Secondly, it promotes language skills. Toddlers can start understanding language and the ability to sign what they are thinking. Sign language helps develop a way to practice language in baby and toddlers. Next, sign language develops understanding of emotion.
One of the first ways that an infant contributes to its own cognitive development is through their looking preferences and visual observation. In fact, research indicates that newborn infants are able to discriminate their mother’s face from that of a stranger shortly after birth (Field, 1984). It is through the work of Robert Fantz that the preferential-looking technique was discovered (Siegler et al., 2014, p. 174). Research employing Fantz preferential-looking technique indicates that infants prefer to look at objects rather than blank fields and moving objects rather than stationary (Siegler et al., 2014, p. 642).
Vygotsky focuses on active, goal-setting children in the socio-cultural context. His theory emphasizes on how a child social interaction with adults can help in his learning process. But he is best known for his concept of Zone of proximal development in which he states that for children in the zone of proximal development cannot perform a task on his own but with the right kind of teaching; they can be able to perform it effectively. Thus a good teacher identifies a child’s zone of proximal development and helps him stretch it so that he can be able to perform tasks by himself.
Children learn language skills by interacting with the immediate environment and training or simple structural changes can improve language skills of children (Bouchard & Gilles, 2011). The early education given in early childhood shapes foundation of the life and helps mental and academic development of child. Throughout the play and education, children learn social skills along with how to deal with others and develop their own values (Webster-Stratton & Reid, 2010). Therefore, this paper, with the purpose of developing the children’s future, discusses why it is very essential to recognize the importance of early childhood education, how it effects to person 's life and how it can be developed. 2.Disscussion of findings 2.1.