On a personal perspective, if I were on the shoes of the researcher, in this case, Wolpe, I would not change anything about his perfected systematic desensitization method; his method effectively treated extreme anxiety and phobias. Numerous studies on behavioral therapy followed after Wolpe’s findings and his use of classical conditioning and reciprocal inhibition to the treatment of psychological disorders has become a part of intervention strategies. A study conducted by Frederickson relied on Wolpe’s reciprocal inhibition concept in treating difficulties stemming from negative emotions, such as anxiety, depression, or any stress-related problems (Frederickson, 2000). Based on the idea that two emotions cannot occur at once, Frederickson hypothesized that teaching patients with such psychological disorders strong positive emotions, such as optimism and contentment, it will directly inhibit the negative emotions. Another study based on Wolpe’s findings proved the effectiveness of systematic desensitization, wherein college students
The therapies used to treat PTSD involve Exposure Therapy (EP), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EDMR). The repeated recall helps the clients break the avoidance of PTSD in order to reduce the symptoms. Through reconsolidation, memories enter a labile state in which the individual incorporates new information that modifies the trace of the memories (Elwood, Galovski, Juliette, Mott, & Walsh, 2015). CBT helps reduce PTSD and the comorbid symptoms that follow. Through behavioral interventions, communication skills, and dyadic interventions to change the maladaptive beliefs maintain PTSD and the relationship distress.
Stress management is a good foundation for daily living, but more tools must be added through relapse education in the remaining stages of recovery if the client is to have the best chance of avoiding relapse. The ability to identify and manage warning signs is vital for self-regulation (Gorski, 1986). Warning signs are indicators that relapse syndrome is taking place. A simple example of using signs to self-regulate is the HALT warning heard in many support groups about the danger of becoming too Hungry, Angry, Lonely, or Tired in recovery. This is a good rule of thumb, but every client has a unique set of problems and symptoms that indicate relapse syndrome is occurring.
The last therapy listed is emotional processing. This therapy aims at, “helping patients identify negative belief patterns they have developed and reinforced” (Utah Drug & Alcohol Rehab Centers). It helps to identify which perceptions the patient has developed that may not be valid and may contribute to addictive behaviors. Emotional processing is set to help patients work through their emotions in a safe place where they will not feel judged. The hope is that the patient will realize the underlying emotional issue of their
It is important to keep Rosa in treatment so that her life can improve and prevent future suicide attempts. Her life has become unnamable in all significant areas such as: work, financial, family, and interpersonal relationships. She will benefit from trauma focused therapy although she will need to gain coping skills and stability in her life before this begins. She is benefiting from CBT and DBT and has showed improvement in herself harming behaviors. She does have a strong relationship with alcohol as she has learned that it helps her to feel numb and to avoid unwanted feelings and emotions.
One of these treatments is cognitive-behavioural therapy. This therapy is provided by trained workers to communicate with drug users to improve their health in order not to use drugs. This approach lets patients to avoid relationship with peers who use meth. For instance, they are engaged in healthy lifestyle activities such as workout, dance and surfing. Aside from that, medications are also suitable for drug users to help regain their mental status.
The most effective type of treatment for PTSD is cognitive behavioral therapy. In cognitive therapy you talk to a therapist about the trauma and they help you to understand how to change your thoughts on the event and its aftermath. Exposure therapy’s goal is to teach you to have less fear about your memories. People learn to fear thoughts, feelings and situations that are a reminder of the event that happened. With exposure therapy you focus on memories that are less traumatic first then you will talk about the traumatic event, and this is called desensitization, which you will learn to talk about you memories a little bit at a time.
This is especially true when motivational interviewing (MI) was used. MI is a compassionate, nonjudgmental and gentle way of helping addicts see they have a problem. It 's important that MI occur in an inpatient rehab. Pregnang opiate users should never try to get clean without having the proper medical supervision in place. This is because detoxification places your unborn child at risk and can even cause their death when not done properly.
It is also important to encourage them to end the toxic relationships that lead to the drug abuse. You can participate in counseling sessions with them and the counselors can also teach you other ways to support the user. Scott 7 Addiction intervention services are also a way to convince the addict that they need help. Most addicts cling to the belief that they will be able to stop on their own when they decide the time is right. Sadly this is often
CBT, a psychotherapeutic treatment, helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behavior. With addicts, CBT teaches and encourages addicts to reduce use or stop taking drugs. CBT may not be enough to help change an addict’s brain function and structure back to normal, however, pharmaceutical drugs can. Administering these drugs creates a lower instinctive drive for the brain to receive the addictive drugs.
This research is still ongoing and results have not been posted. In a pilot study, the results were as follows; “The data suggest group MBCT as an acceptable brief intervention/adjunctive therapy for combat PTSD, with potential for reducing avoidance symptom cluster and PTSD cognitions” (NCBI). The results go on to say that further research is needed. There are more and more studies being done on the subject as we are learning more about the disorder itself, hopeful one day soon we will have a better understand of all that happens biologically to those that are suffering from this disorder. A friend of mine who suffers from a traumatic brain injury as well as PTSD
Trauma can range from, automobile accidents to physical harm. Although EMDR does not remove the problem which may have caused the sense of discomfort and insecurity. It does provide ways to change how the patient perceives the incident now, in the present. In Dr. Shapiro’s book, Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of Your Life with Self-Help Techniques, she provides, “numerous procedures that will allow the reader to identify the earlier memories that are at the root of their problems, and ways to change their emotions, physical sensations and negative thoughts” (Shapiro). The goal of EMDR is to, “achieve a complete state of emotional health”
Doctor Benliro and Class, Thank you for your guidance, I would add 2 or more differential diagnoses. The patient bill of rights indicates that the hospital or facility should provide the patient with the right to participate in active decision making regarding treatment and it includes refusal of treatment. However, the patient needs to be mentally competent to make this decision (Standler, 2012). This means that C.G. understands the implication and consequences on his health by refusing treatment and that the decision is not irrational and would be maintained in the long term.
A Freudian therapist would use “talk therapy” and “free association” to gather information about Hanks consistent explosive interaction with others. This technique will bring out Hanks core issues of his behavior, as well as his reasons of why others are not attracted to him. The therapist will look for patterns and events that may have occurred in Hanks life that can better explain Hanks current behavior. The therapist will find out that Hanks childhood, feelings, and unconscious thoughts have created the person Hank is today. After the therapist and Hank have established a relaxed atmosphere the Hank can feel safe and become open to receive what the therapist thinks would work for Hank on day to day bases.
A caregiver not only has to perform outstanding medically, but also achieve friendly caregiving through personality and attitude (Manuella 1767). Caregivers must be positive and effective for better influence on the addict. Stereotypical thoughts about an addict are common in caregivers such as nurses Bartlett et al. 350). The National Drug Abuse Institute reported that, “A person with an addiction can recover with proper care, but an addicted person is unlikely to recover alone” (Bartlett et al.