Innovative Behaviorism Theory

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The following discussion presents the theories, concepts, insights, generalizations, and ideas which aided and inspired the researcher to construct the contextualized and localized coursebook in Statistics and Probability and which formed the basis for involving the framework of this study. This paper is anchored on the construction of the contextualized and localized coursebook in Statistics and Probability and its effect on the students' performance in statistics and probability. The following diagram (see Figure 1) shows the theories covered in establishing the theoretical framework of the study. The boxes in the second and third column consisted of the learning theories. The development of the material was based on the said theories…show more content…
For the construction of the proposed course book, the following learning theories collectively served as a guide for the researcher. One of these theories is the Cognitive-Behaviorism Theory. Innovative Learning-Behaviorism (as cited in Walker & Moore, 2013) defines learning as “semi-permanent change in behavior.” In other words, if the behavior of the learners substantially change positively, then learning has evidently happened. According to skinner (2011), if a child has not eaten for a long time, the child feels hungry, he then eats. Similarly, a person will behave in a given way if that person leads him to notice small differences in his sensation. In teaching, presenting a lesson relevant to the environment of the learner may see these differences then the person can easily understand the lesson and solve exercises. According to McLeod (2016), human mind at birth is ‘tabula rasa’ (empty slate) and environment is a significant factor that influences his learning. All human behaviors are learned from the environment or environment modelled human behaviors. Drills and memorization are the methods to fill the human mind. Innovative Learning-Cognitivism (2013) states that learning is an “internal process.” This entails that learning will be acquired more if the learners have higher interest to learn. This level of interest is a significant factor to reinforce critical and creative thinking of the learner. A cognitive-behaviorism is an interaction between the mind and behavior. The learner will behave accordingly if the learner thinks that he/she, his/her family, and other people will be benefited by what he/she is doing. Every human being is different in terms of objectives, ambitions, principles and the like. All of these are based on what is on our thought, feelings and behavior. According to Fritscher (2014), if our thoughts, feelings and behavior are satisfied, this may change our reaction. According to Bandura et al. (2010),
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