The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
concentrating on or close/narrow attn to what is imp and what is currently being discussed, involves attending to problems/feelings as they arise, ability to focus encourages the client to work on present problems where there are attainable goals vs focusing on past unchangeable ones, leads to direction in therapy which results in creation of goals and plan to achieve Genuineness Ability of counselor to be freely themselves. Includes congruence between outer words/behaviors and inner feelings; nondefensiveness; non-role-playing; and being unpretentious. Guidance Practitioner which refer to a persons who practice a profession technique or occupation of a guidance counselor including the profile of age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, major, assignments & years of service. Immediacy according. To Rogers.
As A professional counselor the approaches are client center and is used in humanistic therapy. The founder Roger used it to motivate clients in the therapeutic process. Roger used three qualities that a good counselor should consider for clients in sessions. First unconditional positive regard is to meet the client where they are. Second genuineness is to share open honest communication and be vulnerable to the client, so the client can do the same.
It is important that the counselor makes questioning an important part of the therapy (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). The purpose of questioning is to make sure that the family will participate in communicating their experiences (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). When members of the family begin to tell their point of view, the way in which each person was affected is revealed (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). The therapist may be able to reach the family members that may have been considered as distant or hostile. Individuals like Gary may be able to feel heard without feeling judged.
Furthermore, understand the subjective world of the client to come to new understanding of the client’s stands. While, therapists aim to understand their client’s subjective world, the existential approach doesn’t have specific techniques. Instead, therapists are welcomed to incorporate techniques from other approaches. Despite its unconventional style of therapy, there are 3 phases a therapist follows in order to understand the client’s subjective world. First, the therapist attempts to understand the client’s idea of life; for example, what does he/ she believes or what do they stand for, such as its values.
Another recent development in the theory and method of group psychotherapy based on an integration of systems thinking is Yvonne Agazarian 's systems-centered therapy (SCT), which sees groups functioning within the principles of system dynamics. Her method of "functional subgrouping" introduces a method of organizing group communication so it is less likely to react counterproductively to differences. SCT also emphasizes the need to recognize the phases of group development and the defenses related to each phase in order to best make sense and influence group
The Tidal Model embraces specific assumptions about people, their experience of problems of human living and their capacity for change (Barker and Buchanan-Barker, 2005). The Tidal Model focus is on the client and not on the disorder the client as such, its aim as a therapeutic one. (Barker 1997) states rather than engaging with the disorder or illness, the Tidal Model focuses on contacting the person. The Tidal Modal focuses on the person’s life story, to try encounter the real reason of their distress, to find the real meaning to what is affecting the person. The Tidal modal has a more personal touch due to focusing on what needs to be done to resolve the problem affecting the client.
The Ethical Issues that a Mental Health Professional may Face Mental health professionals may confront several ethical dilemmas during their counseling career, especially when they have to break some of the ethics code principles (West, 2002). The purpose of this project is to present some of the ethical issues that a counselor may face during their career, including ethical concerns in on-line counseling, dual and multiple relationships with the clients and issues of confidentiality. Ethical Concerns in on - Line Counseling Over the last years on-line psychotherapy, including e-mailing and Skype therapy, has been a popular means of providing counseling to clients. However, given the fact that on-line counseling is a relatively new medium
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
According to Rodgers it is the most important attribute for the therapist to have congruence as it is all about the therapist being genuine(Mcleod,2008). Mearns and Thorpe defined congruence as “the state of being of a counsellor when her out ward responses to the client consistently match the inner feelings and sensations which she has in relation to the client”(2007). In other words it develops a sense of trust between the client and therapist and allows the client to open up to the therapist because they feel safe in the envoinment they are in and they trust the therapist. Therapists and counsellors say that congruence is not a skill that one can simply have but really it is a way of being. A person-centred therapist will aim to be real and sincere in the session as this creates that sense of trust in the relationship and a positive flow of energy between the client and the